Let us look at Psalm 16 verses 9 & 10. In verse 9, the Hebrew word ‘kabod’ is translated as ‘glory’. This word ‘kobod’ is the same word used by the Hebrews to describe the presence of the Lord, who went before the children of Israel in the wilderness for forty years.
Exodus 40:34 Then the cloud covered the tent of the congregation, and (the kobod) the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle. 35 And Moses was not able to enter the tabernacle of meeting, because the cloud upon the tent, and (the kobod) the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle. (Words in Italics added)
“The glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle.” Today we would say, either, “The presence of the Lord,” or “The Spirit of the Lord filled the church.” In our Bibles today, this word ‘kobod’ is usually translated as ‘glory’. However on the day of Pentecost, when Peter quotes Psalm 16, he translated it as ‘tongue’.
In verse 10 of Psalm 16, the Hebrew word Sheol was used to describe the world of the dead. This world is divided into at least two areas, one area for the souls of the justified and the other for the souls of the wicked. In some modern versions, the word Sheol is wrongly translated as grave. When we die, our soul goes to Sheol, while our body goes to the grave, and our spirit returns to God who gave it.
In older English versions, Sheol and Hades, (the Greek word for Sheol) are often translated as Hell. Although this is a correct translation, it is a label that we today usually only use to describe that area within Hell set aside for the souls of the wicked. While we call that area within Hell set aside for the souls of the justified, paradise, as did Jesus Christ when on the cross (Luke 23:43).
King David in Psalm 16 speaks of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. On the day of Pentecost, 50 days after the resurrection of Jesus, Peter points out to the Jews that David was seeing ahead to the resurrection of Jesus Christ.
Acts 2:25 "For David speaks concerning him (Jesus): 'I foresaw the Lord always before my face, for he is at my right hand, that I should not be moved. 26 Therefore my heart rejoiced, and my tongue (spirit) was glad; moreover my flesh (body) shall also rest (in the grave) in hope. 27 Because you will not leave my soul in Hades (Sheol), nor will you allow your Holy One(’s body) to see corruption. 28 You have made known to me the ways of life; you will make me full of joy with your presence.'”
29 “Men and brethren, let me speak plainly unto you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his tomb is with us unto this day.” (Words in Italics added)
In verse 29, Peter is saying that the body of David still lies undisturbed in the grave to this day.
Acts 2:30 "Therefore, being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath unto him that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up the Christ to sit on his throne. 31 He, foreseeing this, spake of the resurrection of The Christ, that his soul was not left in Sheol, neither did his flesh see corruption.
32 This Jesus God has raised up, of which we are all witnesses. 33 Therefore being exalted to the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, he has poured out this which you now see and hear. 34 For David did not ascend into the sky, but he said himself: 'The Lord said to my Lord, "Sit at my right hand, 35 until I make your enemies your footstool." '
Peter says in verse 34, “For David did not ascend into the sky.” Peter’s basic argument in this passage is this. When a body rises from the tomb (the grave), we know that the soul has ascended from Sheol, and the spirit, soul and body have all come back together. Therefore, because the tomb of Jesus Christ has been opened, and we have seen him and talked to him, we know that the soul of Jesus Christ has ascended from Sheol. On the other hand, we know that the soul of David has not ascended from Sheol, because his unopened tomb, with his body still in it, is with us to this day.
An open guarded tomb, without the body still in it, is proof that:
1: The soul of that person has ascended from Sheol.
2: The body of that person has been resurrected from the tomb.
Therefore we know beyond all reasonable doubt that Jesus Christ (his soul) has ascended from Sheol. The body of Jesus Christ is no longer in the tomb, because he has risen.
Also, a tomb or grave with the body (or the remains of the body) still in it, is proof that:
1: The soul of that person has not ascended from Sheol.
2: The body of that person has not been resurrected from the tomb.
Therefore because the tomb of David still remains with us to this day, with his body still in it, we know beyond all reasonable doubt that David’s soul is still in Sheol.
By using the same basic argument or reasoning that Peter used to prove that David’s soul was still in Sheol and therefore David has not ascended into the sky. We can also say, because the remains of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob to this day, still lie at rest in the tomb of the Patriarch’s, we know beyond all reasonable doubt, that the souls of the Patriarchs, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob are still in Sheol, and they have not ascended into the sky.
Written by Kenneth Allan Clark and printed and published by
VICTORIOUS CHRISTIAN MINISTRIES INTERNATIONAL. P.O. BOX 144 WYNNUM QLD 4178 AUSTRALIA.
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Scripture taken from the “Clarks English Translation” © Copyright 2011 by Victorious Christian Ministries International. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
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