5. NOTES ON ISRAEL, JUDAH & JUDEA.
The patriarchs of the nation of Israel were Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. Jacob was renamed Israel by God and his descendants became known as the Children of Israel. Jacob had twelve sons, Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulum, Joseph, Benjamin, Dan, Naphtali, Gad and Asher. These twelve became the forefathers of the twelve tribes of Israel. When famine struck the Promised Land Jacob along with his twelve sons their families and all their live stock moved to Egypt. Where they not only suffered for nearly 400 years as slaves in Egypt, they also grew in number to become the nation of Israel.
After Children of Israel returned to the Promised Land in 1405 BC it was the Children of Benjamin and the Children of Judah who settled in the mountainous area to the south of the Promised Land and around Jerusalem. When the Children of Israel demanded God give them a king like the other nations of the world in 1042 BC it was Saul of the tribe of Benjamin they chose as their king.
In 1010 BC, after God rejected Saul, Samuel anointed David of the tribe of Judah as king over Israel. However David did not become king over all Israel until 995 BC. David was succeeded by his son Solomon in 962 BC, who in turn was succeeded by his son Jeroboam in 922 BC. Then, almost as soon as Jeroboam becomes king over all Israel, the ten northern tribes rebel against Jeroboam to become the northern kingdom of Israel, while the two southern tribes of Judah and Benjamin, with their capital in Jerusalem become the nation of Judah.
In 722 BC the northern kingdom of Israel fell to the Assyrians, and the ten northern tribes were taken away into captivity and scatted throughout the Assyrian Empire. Thus they became known as the ten lost tribes of Israel. After the removal of the Children of Israel, the land is repopulated with people from other parts of the Assyrian Empire.
In 606 BC, after the fall of Jerusalem to the Babylonians, a number of Jews a taken captive to Babylon. Seventy years later the first Jewish exiles return from Babylon to Jerusalem. By the time of Jesus Christ earthly ministry, much of the northern area of the Promised Land had been renamed Samaria, and the southern high lands around Jerusalem had been renamed Judea.
In this book the land of Israel can be used either to refer to the combined lands of Judea and Israel, or it can be used to refer to land, which was once the Northern Kingdom of Israel. The land of Judah (or Judea) refers to the southern high lands and the lands around Jerusalem.
A number of the Bible prophecies refer to the return of both the Children of Judah and the Children of Israel. The referral to both the Children of Judah and the Children of Israel returning to the Promise Land in end time prophecies; means that we are looking forward to a time, when not only will we see the Jews return to the Promised Land, but a time when we shall also see a return of both those who ancestors were once part of the Northern Kingdom of Israel, and those who ancestor were once part of the Kingdom of Judah.
Written by Kenneth Allan Clark and printed and published by
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Scripture taken from the “Clarks English Translation” © Copyright 2011 by Victorious Christian Ministries International. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
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