Five years ago in 2006, when I first wrote this book, I wrote the following.
“Although I would agree, in some places the King James Version of the Holy Bible is a little dated in its language, and that some of the words used have changed their meaning over time. Therefore many people find the King James Version hard to understand. I still believe that the King James Version is the most correct English version of the Holy Bible available to us at this time. Therefore for the average Christian, whenever studying the Bible, it is well worth the effort to at least retain your Old King James Version of the Holy Bible as one of your main study tools.”
Although, it is still my opinion that the King James Version is the most correct English version of the Holy Bible available to us at this time; in my studies of the Scriptures over these last five years I have become increasingly aware of how misleading both the King James Version and most modern English versions of the Bible are to most English speaking Christians. That is why I have begun a work of translated the Bible into modern English version called the CLARK’S ENGLISH TRANSLATION. Where practical, as from this year 2011 I have begun to use this translation in all writings.
The following is an extract from my book, Death, Resurrection and the Last 10½ Years.
If you were to study your K.J.V of the Bible along with a good Bible Concordance and Bible Dictionary you would find that the following Hebrew to Greek to English translations are correct. You will also find that the K.J.V. does not always use the correct or best translation for the modern English speaking person.
• The Hebrew words ‘shamayim’ and ‘shemayin’ which were translated into Greek as ‘ouranos’ and then into English as ‘heaven’, ‘air’, and ‘sky’ (I have translated as sky).
The literal translation of both the Hebrew words ‘shamayim’ and ‘shemayin’ is the heaved up things. When the Hebrew scholars translated the Bible into Greek they chose the Greek word ‘ouranos’ meaning the sky as the closest Greek word to the true meaning of the words ‘shamayim’, and ‘shemayin’. In Early to Middle English ‘shamayim’ and ‘shemayin’, ‘the heaved up things’ became ‘the heaven up things’, which was then shortened to ‘heaven’. ‘Heaven’ may have been a good translation back in the days of King James, but for the modern English speaking man the word ‘sky’ would give them a much clearer understanding of what the original writers of the Scriptures were saying. Which is why in my writings you will find the word ‘heaven’ has been replaced with the word ‘sky’.
• The Hebrew word ‘qeber’, which was translated into Greek, has ‘mnemeion’, and then into English as ‘grave’, (I translate as grave).
• The Hebrew word ‘Sheol’, which was translated into Greek has ‘Hades’, and then into English as ‘Hell’, (I translate as Sheol).
The Hebrew word Sheol, which was translated into English has ‘Hell’, is translated into K.J.V. 31 times as Hell, and 33 times as grave. Considering there is not only a big difference between what is the grave and what is Hell, and that both the Hebrew and the Greek writers of the Bible made a clear distinction between the grave and Hell, one wonders how the translators of the K.J.V. could get it so wrong. But if we take the N.I.V. as an example of a Modern English Version, we find that the number of times they have translated the word ‘Sheol’ as grave is 59, and not once do they correctly translated Sheol as Sheol, Hades or Hell.
• The Greek word ‘Gehenna’ which is translated into English has ‘Hell’ (I either translate as ‘Sheol’ or ‘the fires of Sheol’)
Matthew 10:28 “And do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. But rather fear Him who is able to destroy both soul and body in the fires of Sheol.
Note: The word often translated, as Sheol (Hell or Hades) in this verse, is the Greek word ‘Gehenna’. This word Gehenna was usually used to describe the fires that burn eternally in the pit of Sheol. The fires into which the unjust dead, both their body and soul, will be thrown after the resurrection and the judgment. The Greek word usually used to describe Sheol, being Hades. Therefore Matthew 10:28 is referring to the second death. In the first death, the body goes to the grave, not into Sheol or into the fires of Sheol.
• The Hebrew word ‘chaiym’, which was translated into Greek as ‘zoe’ and then into English as ‘life’ (I translate as life).
• The Hebrew word ‘ruach’ which was translated into Greek as ‘pneuma’ and then into English as ‘spirit’ or ‘ghost’ (I translate as spirit).
It is of interest to note that all widely accepted English translations, almost always translate both the Hebrew word ‘ruach’ and the Greek word ‘pneuma’ as ‘spirit’, ‘ghost’ or ‘breath’. Traditionally man is never described as a spirit in the Bible, nor is spirit ever translated as a person or persons.
• The Hebrew word 'neshesh', which was translated into Greek has 'psuch', and then into English as ‘soul’ (I translate as soul)
Between them the Hebrew word ‘neshesh’ and the Greek word ‘psuch’, are translated into K.J.V. over 500 times as ‘soul’, 120 times as ‘life’, 28 times as ‘person’, 21 times as ‘self’, and 15 times as ‘heart’. While most modern English Bibles have further reduced the use of the word soul by 80 to 95%, making it almost impossible for the average Christian to do any meaningful study on makeup of man, body, soul and spirit, or on the doctrine of death and resurrection.
The apostle Peter writes; Receiving the end of your faith, the deliverance of your souls (I Peter 1: 9).
Or as the N.I.V. says “for you are receiving the goal of your faith, the salvation of your souls.”
Considering the goal of our faith is the deliverance of our souls, we should ask; why have the modern English translators all but removed any mention of the soul of man, and of Hell from our Bibles?
Clearly action needs to be taken to restore the written word of God to its original meaning. It is in part, for this reason my brothers in Christ and I took up the task of writing the “Clark's English Translation” of the Bible and why all Scripture (unless otherwise stated) in this book is taken from the “Clark's English Translation”.
However do feel free to use your own favourite version of the Bible, along with the K.J.V. a good concordance and Bible dictionary to check these things out. In fact I recommend you check out all my writings and teachings, so that your beliefs and understanding of these things should not be founded on my teachings but on the written word of God.
One of my favourite passages of Scripture is Paul’s commendation of the Bereans.
Acts 17:10 Then the brethren immediately sent away Paul and Silas by night to Berea: who arriving there went into the synagogue of the Jews. 11 These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, to see whether those things were so. 12 Therefore, many of them indeed believed, and also not a few of the prominent Greek women and men.
Paul commends the Bereans, not because they chose to believe their own denominational doctrines, and not because they chose to believe the teachings of Paul, but because they chose to love first the truth, and believe the written word of God.
Thus ends the extract from my book, Death, Resurrection and the Last 10½ Years.
Division in the Church.
There is enough historical evidence for us to say, during the late 3rd and early 4th century there was a number of factions within the Church with differing opinions and beliefs, touching on what we now call the basic fundamental Christian doctrines, regarding the divinity of Jesus Christ and the Holy Trinity. During these years it was not unusual (either intentionally or unintentionally) for scribes of these differing factions, when writing copies of the Bible, to either alter or delete verses that did not agree or support their point of view.
Paganism, also known as sun worship, emperor worship or king worship, dates right back to the foundations of the Egyptian and Assyrian Empires; maybe even before the tower of Babel. Paganism was not just the dominant form of religion in the ancient world; it was also the dominant form of government. Paganism dominated both the Greek government and Greek culture. Then the Romans came. Although at first Rome was governed by a democracy, after Rome defeated the Greeks and took over the Greek kingdoms, the Paganism that had dominated the Greeks, took over and dominated all areas of Roman life, both state and religion.
As sun worshipers, all Roman citizens and subjects came under the following three satanic laws.
• The sun god was to be recognized and worshiped as the supreme god.
• All other gods were to be considered inferior to and subject to the sun god. One could worship as many gods as they liked, as long as they recognize that all their gods were subject to the sun god. The most common way of doing this was to place a sun burst behind or above the lesser god. So that the radiance of the sun god surrounded the lesser god like a halo.
• The emperor was the sun god’s spokesman to all mankind and when the emperor spoke, his word was considered as law. As sun god’s spokesman the emperor ruled supreme over both state and religious affairs. (Daniel 3:5 & 6:7-12)
The people of most ancient kingdoms worshiped the sun (or a god strongly associated with the sun). It was also not uncommon in these cultures to believe that the sun god would have sex with a woman, as would a man, and that the child she conceived would be known as the son of god. These sons of god would then become both god’s spokesperson and the supreme ruler over the various kingdoms of the world.
• In ancient Egypt, the Pharaoh was worshiped as the son of god.
• The Emperor of Japan, even to this day is still worshiped as the son of god.
• One of the titles given the ancient kings of Persia (whose subjects believed their king sat on the sun’s throne) was that of Cyrus, meaning ‘sun throne’.
• It was believed by the Greeks, that many of their Heroes had been conceived by a sexual union between one of their many gods and a woman. To Greeks and the Romans, Hercules was the son of the supreme god, born of a woman.
Note: The idea of mankind’s deliverer being a son of god born of a woman, does not originate from Satan, it originates from the One and only True God’s plan of redemption. First announce by God to mankind in the Garden of Eden (Genesis 3:15). Satan took this truth and twisted it, so that mankind would bow down and worship him.
Regardless of whether citizens and subjects of the Roman Empire believed in paganism or not, they were all expected to worship and obey the emperor as the supreme god, or as god’s spokesman. The only Roman citizens or subjects exempt from these laws were the Jews, on condition that they prayed to their god for the good health and the protection of the emperor.
From the time of Jesus Christ death and resurrection until the Jewish rebellion in 66 - 70 AD, Christians were considered to be a sect within the Jewish faith, and therefore also exempt from worshiping the emperor. But over the next 40 years (approximately) as the Roman army began to hunt down the Jews, the Gentile Christians began to distance themselves from the Jews, thus making themselves subject to the law that demanded they worship the emperor. For the next 200 years Rome persecuted the Christians. Not because they worshiped Jesus Christ, for pagans were allowed to worship as many gods as they liked, but because they would not worship the emperor above all other gods.
Some Bible scholars believe (or consider it possible) that demons are fallen angles come to earth, and that when pagans worship the sun, the moon, the stars and the many other things they worship, they are in fact worshiping fallen angles as gods.
It is also considered possible that these pagan gods (during the time of Noah) saw the daughters of men were beautiful and took the best looking to be their wives. The children they produced became mighty men, heroes of great renown, and rulers of the people. (Genesis 6:1-4; I Peter 3:19-20; & Jude 6) If one considers this is possible, then one must also consider it possible that much of pagan Greek mythology has its origins back in the days of Noah.
During the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Centuries AD this pagan Greek mythology was the belief, the mindset, the worldview of the vast majority of Romans and Greeks. Because of this, the Romans and Greeks would have had no problem accepting Jesus Christ as the Son of God born of a virgin. That just put Jesus Christ on an equal footing with Hercules. But to say that Jesus Christ was before all things, and that Jesus Christ is God Himself come to earth in the flesh, and that we should worship no other gods but Jesus Christ. That did not go down to well with the pagans.
In some ways, the pagans of the 2nd and 3rd Centuries were not much unlike modern day Hindus. Many Hindus will readily accept Jesus Christ as the god who heals, the god who forgives sins, and even as the god who delivers us; but to do away with their other gods and accept Jesus Christ as their Lord and Master and as the One and only True God. That is something most Hindus struggle with. I have meet and talked at length with many Hindus who claim to be Christians, but deeply rooted in their mindset and worldview is the concept that Jesus Christ is just another god, and I can still hang on to all my other gods.
But this God will not allow.
Despite the persecution of the early Church, by the early 4th century the Christian population within the Roman Empire had become so large, that Constantine saw them not only as a possible threat to the unity of the empire, but also as a potential enemy. At this time, the Roman Empire was divided and affected by a number of civil wars, as various Roman generals battled for control of the empire and the right to be crowned emperor and ruler of the Roman Empire. One of these generals who battled to become the emperor of a united Roman Empire was Constantine.
Constantine, like most of the Roman Emperors, was a sun worshiper. In AD 312, on the night before, what was to become a major military victory for Constantine, he had a vision of the cross, with the radiance of the sun surrounding the cross like a halo; with the words by this sign conquer.
To any sun worshiper, including Constantine, this sign meant that Jesus Christ was both inferior to and subject to the sun god. The following day Constantine won a major victory. It is said that after this battle, Emperor Constantine was converted from Paganism to Christianity. However this seems every unlikely, as after this victory Constantine had a medallion minted in honour of the sun god for giving the victory. Furthermore between worshiping Jesus Christ, he continued to worship the sun god and many other gods for most of his life. It was not until he was on his deathbed that Constantine was baptized and then not as a sign of his repentance from sin, nor of his acceptance of Jesus Christ as his Lord, but in the belief that this baptism would save his soul.
You could say that Constantine was a politician and the unity of the empire was his goal. To obtain this unity he not only wanted to bring Christians under the banner of sun worship, he also wanted Christians to welcome and embrace sun worshippers into the Christian Church, even if they did not believe.
After Constantine’s victory in 312 AD, many pagans flooded into the Church, along with many false teachers and scribes, who wrote corrupted copies of the Bible to suit their own beliefs. Evidence tell us, that about this time some copies of the Bible were written with passages proving the divinity of Jesus Christ, either being altered or removed.
About this time a few copies were also written with Mark 16:9 – 20 missing. Statements like “He who believes and is baptized shall be delivered; but he who does not believed will be condemned,” would not have encouraged unity between believers and non-believers. It could be for this reason that Mark 16:9 – 20 was removed from some copies of the Bible. Whether or not Constantine had anything to do with these alterations and deletions does not alter the fact that these alterations and deletions were made.
Constantine’s victory in AD 312 only gained him control of the Western half of the empire and it was not until Constantine’s victory over his co-ruler Lincinius in AD 324, that Constantine gained control of the whole empire. Only then did he find out that the Christian Church was spilt over theological lines. At that time Bishop Eusebius of Nicomedia, who was a strong supporter and believer in Arianism, became Constantine’s chief advisor on matters concerning the Christian Church. A position he held till Constantine’s death.
Arianism wrongly taught:
1: That there was only One God (God the Father) who is alone is unbegotten; who alone is eternal and who alone without beginning.
2: That God the Son was himself created and therefore subordinate to the Father.
3: That there was a time when The Son of God was nonexistent.
While the Holy Bible teaches that there is only One God, The Holy Trinity who alone is God Almighty, one God yet three Persons, God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit. All equally God, all existing as One being from before all eternity to far beyond all eternity.
It is easy for those who hate the Roman Catholic Church and the Pope, to point the finger at Emperor Constantine, the marriage of sun worship to Christianity, and of the marriage of the state government to the World Church, and say that this was all the work of Satan, but that is a simplistic view which overlooks two biblical laws.
1. It is God who both removes kings and rises up kings. (Daniel 2:21)
2. What man meant for evil, God will turn to the good of those who love Him. (Genesis 50:20 & Romans 8:28)
In the Church before Emperor Constantine’s intervention there had been little standardizing of the New Testament Holy Scriptures and little standardizing of the basic foundational Christian doctrines. But by the time of Constantine’s death, most of the basic foundational Christian doctrines (Including the doctrine of the divinity of Jesus Christ and the Holy Trinity) had been established and declared in writing by the bishops. Also the New Testament Scriptures as we now know them were well on the way to being standardized.
With the standardising of the Holy Scriptures and basic foundational doctrines, most of Bibles that included errors, alterations and deletions were withdrawn and destroyed, and new replacement copies of Holy Bible were copied from earlier and more correct texts. The majority of New Testaments written in Greek from this time on were written in a text, similar to what we now call the Received Text.
The Received Text was to remain the accepted Greek text from about 400 A.D. to 1880. So indirectly God used Emperor Constantine insure that later versions of the Bible, including the Latin Vulgate and the King James Version were more correct than humanly possible.
But not all of the incorrect copies were destroyed; two of these incorrect copies were put away, where they were found much later. Having been found, those who hated the truth (either intentionally or unintentionally) used then as the basis of a corrupted text, saying that these copies that had been found were older and therefore more correct than the text used for the basis of the Vulgate and King James Version. This however is a lie of the devil.
Enter Fenton John Anthony Hort, who is reporting as coming across two of these incorrect manuscripts, one which had been held in a cupboard of the Vatican since 1481, and although they always knew it was there, it was never approved. The other was discovered in 1859. These became known as the Vatican manuscript and the Mount Sinai manuscript.
It was these two manuscripts along with two other manuscripts (that have been described as being of very poor quality with many pages missing) that Hort used to write his Greek Text. So when you read in marginal notes and footnotes of your Bible statements that say one of the following:
The oldest manuscripts.
Most of the oldest manuscripts.
The most ancient authorities.
Some ancient authorities.
These marginal notes and footnotes are referring to two manuscripts only. They are not the oldest manuscripts available. They definitely are not the most, and even to call two manuscripts some, it at best very misleading.
Written by Kenneth Allan Clark and printed and published by
VICTORIOUS CHRISTIAN MINISTRIES INTERNATIONAL. P.O. BOX 144 WYNNUM QLD 4178 AUSTRALIA.
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Scripture taken from the “Clarks English Translation” © Copyright 2011 by Victorious Christian Ministries International. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
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