By Kenneth Allan Clark Copyright © 7 / 8 / 15
Looking at Righteousness, Just, Justice, Justified and Justification.
I have been looking up the original Hebrew and Greek words and their translation into our English Bibles. The contexts of their usage, both verse usage and passage usage. Then I ask the question, considering the overall Bible, what word best fits true foundations of the doctrines Christ.
Young’s numbers used.
H6662 (just) translated into English; 37 times as Just and 168 as Righteous.
Although Just is only used 37 times against the 168 times Righteousness is used, this enough times for us to ask two questions. 1: Which word is more correct? 2: Would either of the two words fit within the overall contexts of the verse and true Bible doctrines? Taking all these things into consideration, I would have to conclude the word Just is a better and more correct translation than Righteousness.
By using the same rules of context with all the Hebrew and Greek words translated into English as Righteous and Righteousness, or as Just, Justice and Justified, I would have to conclude that all such words would be better and more correctly translated as Just, Justice or Justified.
H6663 (to be just) translated into English; 22 times as Justify and 12 times as Righteous.
H6664 (just) translated into English; 9 times as Just; 10 times as Justice and 96 times as Righteous.
H6666 (justice) translated into English; 12 times as Justice and 144 times Righteousness.
There are five Greek words the K.J.V. sometimes translated as either righteous or righteousness. All of which start with the Greek word dikaio, which means Justify.
G1342 (Just) translated into English; 33 times as Just and 46 times as Righteous.
G1343 (Justification) translated into English; 92 times as Righteousness.
G1344 (Justify) translated into English; 39 times as either Justify or Justified, and 1 time as righteous.
G1345 (Justify) translated into English; 2 times as Ordinances, 2 times as Judgment, 2 times as Justification and 3 times as righteousness.
G1346 (Justify) translated into English; 2 times as Justly, 2 times as Righteously and 1 time as Righteousness.
If we compare Righteousness with words like Justify, Justified and Justification, Righteousness has no guts nor depth of the foundational doctrines of Christ in it. But Justification cut right down to the depths of the foundational doctrines of Christ.
Let us look at two verses from the view of a new immature Christian. To most such persons being righteous means being a perfect goody goody; and they struggle with the concept of clothed in the righteousness of Jesus Christ; while most readily grasp and understand the concept of justification.
2Pe 2:5 (K.J.V.) And spared not the old world, but delivered Noah the eighth person, a preacher of justification, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly;
Was Noah preaching salvation by being a perfect goody goody? No! He was preaching justification through the blood of the Lamb. And in keeping with this message, as soon as he got off the ark he had a blood sacrifice.
Eph 6:14 (K.J.V.) Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and having on the breastplate of justification;
Under the Old Covenant the High Priest wore the breast plate of judgement; Under the New Covenant, we the justified in Christ, wear the breast plate of justification. (Exo. 28:15 & Eph. 6:14). Yes we have all sinned and fallen short of the glory of God. But freely we have all been justified by The Blood of The Lamb, Jesus Christ our Lord and Deliverer.
Is our armour dependant on us being clothed in righteousness, as a perfect goody goody? Or is it dependant on us being justified by the blood of Jesus Christ.
Having spent some time prayerfully studying this question, I believe I must conclude just, justified and justification, agree with the origional Hebrew and Greek than the word righteousness.
God bless you,
Prophet Ken Clark.