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THE GOSPEL of JOHN Part 1.

 

COMMENTARY ON

 

THE GOSPEL OF JOHN.

 

PART 1. Chapters 1 - 7.

 

by Kenneth Allan Clark.

 

© Copyright 2015

 

 

 


 

COMMENTARY ON

 

THE GOSPEL OF JOHN.

 

FORWARD.

 

WHY?

 

Why write another commentary on the Gospel of John? Aren’t their enough Bible Commentaries written already by Bible Scholars far more knowledgeable and more skilled and equipped for this task than I?

 

Come to that, why write another English Translation of the Holy Bible.

 

I first became aware of problems with our English Bibles, in the late 1980s when I started work on my first book, which I published in 2000. It was in 2001 that I first considered and started work on writing a modern English translation based on the text of the K.J.V; But soon realized that this task was way beyond me and soon threw the task into the too hard basket.

 

It wasn’t unto 2010, when I started writing my first Bible commentary (on Ephesians), and had to face this question of what version would I use to do this work? That I once again took up the challenge of writing a new English version based on the text of the K.J.V.

 

Yes it was and still is a task way beyond me, but with God’s help I made a start. In the process of translating the K.J.V. into modern English, my knowledge and understanding has grown in many ways, but I am still very reliant on the Holy Spirit to guide and direct me in this work of the Lord’s.

 

As I have worked on this translation work and the commentary on John, it has been and is my intention to:

 

1: Stick as close as I possibly can to the meaning of the original text.

 

2: Stick as close as I possibly can to what God through the scribes wanted to tell and revel to us, his saints.

 

3: Without watering down the first two intentions, keep the language as simple and basic as possible; bearing in mind that for many of my readers, English is their second language.

 

It was while studying the Scriptures prior to writing my first book “Death, Resurrection and the Last 10½ Years” I became more aware that the since English Bible Scholars first began work on translating the Bible into King James English, up till this time, our understanding of and meaning of some words have changed greatly; making it almost impossible for the average English speaking Christian to do any meaningful study of the Scriptures on subjects touching on death, resurrections and end times.

 

But before we look at these words, let us consider one of the rules, if not the golden rule followed by the Hebrew Scholars when they translated the Hebrew Bible into Greek.

 

It is almost as if the Hebrews when they wrote the Scriptures would use one word to describe something. Then they would sanctify and set apart that word, for that purpose only. Then almost without exception they would use no other word for that purpose.

 

Then when the Hebrew scholars translated the Hebrew Bible into Greek, (as far as it concerned these sanctified words) they were to find the one common Greek word that best describe the purpose of that sanctified word; then the Greek word became sanctified for that purpose. When the New Testament writers wrote the New Testament, they too, almost without exception, sanctified and set apart these same words, for the same purpose the Hebrew to Greek translators had set them apart.

 

However this golden rule of sanctifying and setting words apart for a specific purpose was not followed by the English Scholars when they translated these sanctified words into English; as they often translated these sanctified words in two or more ways. The argument often used by Scholars for abandoning this golden rule, is that the Greek words were often use in a number of ways, or that no one English word fitted the fuller meaning of the Greek word.

 

While it may or may not be true, that Secular Greek writers words used these words in a number of ways, these sanctified words were only used in one way in the Scriptures. So far in my research I have found that for most of these sanctified words, there is available one of the English word for each sanctified word; that will fit well the usage and purpose of that sanctified word.

 

The other problem we often find is that the K.J.V. translators have usually used two, three or more words to replace one sanctified word. Sometimes they have done this because their favoured English word does not always fit. Other times, it appears, they couldn’t agree what English word to use. Then over the last 600 years, some of these English words have taken on a meaning far removed from meaning intended by original writers of the Scriptures. And to a greater or lesser extent our modern Christian doctrines has been distorted by use of these English words that don’t really fit the purpose of the original sanctified word.

 

We will start with the Hebrew word we most often either translate into English has heaven or sky.

 

In the Old Testament, the most common Hebrew word translated into English as heaven is shamayim. This word literally means the heaved up things. From this word comes the thought, the mountains tops are heaved up things that have become places in the sky. In Genesis 1:1 – 8 (the first mention of the heaved up things) what we would call the sky and the earth’s atmosphere is called and identified as the heaved up things. In Jeremiah 4:25 & 9:10 we are told of a time, when the birds of the heaved up things will flee. In early to mid English, the heaved up things became the heaven up things, which was then shortened to heaven. Therefore any further references in the Old Testament to the heaved up things (or heaven) could either literally translated into English as the heaved up things, or as the sky.

 

Some say that there are a number of heavens or spiritual realms layered one above another with the highest heaven or spiritual realm way out there in outer space. But God’s written Word places all these heavens or spiritual realms in the sky, within the earth atmosphere, between the waters below and the waters above.

 

Psalm 148:4 (KJVA) Praise him, ye heavens of heavens, and ye waters that be above the heavens.

God’s Word places the clouds above the heavens, even above the highest heaven. So all the heavens, even the highest heaven are within the earth atmosphere, the sky.

 

According to the Universal Dictionary, in Old and Middle English the words heve and hefen were both used to describe;

 

1: the act of heaving something;

 

and 2: the sky. It is very possible, even most likely, that back in time when the English language was being formed, that the phrase the heaved up things was shortened to heaven.

 

In the New Testament, the most common Greek word translated into English as heaven is ouranos. This word literally means the sky.

 

It is the Greek word epouranios which (in the K.J.V & N.K.J.V.) is translated three times as heavenly places (Eph 1:3; 2:6; & 3:10.) and elsewhere (in the K.J.V & N.K.J.V.) it is translated three times as heavenly things (John 3:12; Heb 8:5; & 9:23.). Perhaps it would not only be correct, but also easier for us to understand what the writers of the Scriptures were saying if we use the phrase in the sky or above the sky instead of heavenly places.

 

This Greek word epouranios is made up of two words;

 

1: epee meaning (according to the Strong’s Greek Dictionary) a primary preposition properly meaning ‘superimposition’. This word epee is often translated into English as one of the following, in, on, at, by, upon, above, about, unto, into, ect.

 

2: ouranos meaning the sky.

 

So by looking at meaning of the two Greek words that make up the word epouranios, and contexts of the usage of this word, we can say it meant any of the following; ‘to be one with sky’, ‘to be in the sky’, ‘things in the sky’, ‘from the sky’, or ‘above the sky’.

 

Heaven, that is the sky, the air we breathe, is also used to describe the spiritual realm, the realm of the angels and demons. Whatever we bind on earth, we bind in the spirit realm. Whatever we lose on earth, we lose in the sky (Mat 16:19).

 

While heaven may have been a good translation back in the 16th Century, for the average English speaking person today, both in the mind of the Christian and non-Christian it creates an understanding far removed from the understanding of original writers of the Scriptures.

 

Therefore I have mostly translated both the Hebrew word shamayim and the Greek word ouranos as sky.

 

On a few occasions I have translated these words as above. This I have done so in recognition that:

 

1: The sky is above the earth.

 

2: The spiritual realms are above the earth.

 

3: God and Christ are enthrone above all principalities, powers and authorities.

 

4: “The kingdom of God” is “the kingdom above” all principalities, powers and authorities.


The next group of sanctified words we shall look at are the words which largely ended up in the K.J.V as one of the following. “Grave”, “Hell or Hades”, “Life”, “Spirit or Ghost” and “Soul”.

 

• The Hebrew word ‘qeber’, which was translated into Greek has ‘mnemeion’, and then into English as ‘grave’, (I translate as grave).

 

• The Hebrew word ‘Sheol’, which was translated into Greek has ‘Hades’, and then into English as ‘Hell’, (I translate as Sheol).

 

The Hebrew word Sheol, which was translated into English has ‘Hell’, is translated into K.J.V. 31 times as Hell, and 33 times as grave. Considering there is not only a big difference between what is the grave and what is Hell, and that both the Hebrew and the Greek writers of the Bible made a clear distinction between the grave and Hell, one wonders how the translators of the K.J.V. could get it so wrong. But if we take the N.I.V. as an example of a Modern English Version, we find that the number of times they have translated the word ‘Sheol’ as grave is 59, and not once do they correctly translated Sheol as Sheol, Hades or Hell.

 

• The Greek word ‘Gehenna’ which is translated into English has ‘Hell’ (I either translate as ‘Sheol’ or ‘the fires of Sheol’).

 

Matthew 10:28 “And do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. But rather fear Him who is able to destroy both soul and body in the fires of Sheol.

 

Note: The word often translated, as Sheol (Hell or Hades) in this verse, is the Greek word ‘Gehenna’. This word Gehenna was usually used to describe the fires that burn eternally in the pit of Sheol. The fires into which the unjustified dead, both their body and soul, will be thrown after the resurrection and the judgment. The Greek word usually used to describe Sheol, being Hades. Therefore Matthew 10:28 is referring to the second death. In the first death, the body goes to the grave, not into Sheol or into the fires of Sheol.

 

• The Hebrew word ‘chaiym’, which was translated into Greek as ‘zoe’ and then into English as ‘life’ (I translate as life).

 

• The Hebrew word ‘ruach’ which was translated into Greek as ‘pneuma’ and then into English as ‘spirit’ or ‘ghost’ (I translate as spirit).

 

It is of interest to note that all widely accepted English translations, almost always translate both the Hebrew word ‘ruach’ and the Greek word ‘pneuma’ as ‘spirit’, ‘ghost’ or ‘breath’. Traditionally man is never described as a spirit in the Bible, nor is spirit ever translated as a person or persons.

 

• The Hebrew word neshesh, which was translated into Greek has psuch, and then into English as ‘soul’ (I translate as soul).

 

Between them the Hebrew word ‘neshesh’ and the Greek word ‘psuch’, are translated into K.J.V. over 500 times as ‘soul’, 120 times as ‘life’, 28 times as ‘person’, 21 times as ‘self’, and 15 times as ‘heart’. While most modern English Bibles have further reduced the use of the word soul by 80 to 95%, making it almost impossible for the average Christian to do any meaningful study on makeup of man, body, soul and spirit, or on the doctrine of death and resurrection.


The apostle Peter writes; Receiving the end of your faith, the salvation of your souls (I Peter 1: 9). Or as the N.I.V. says “for you are receiving the goal of your faith, the salvation of your souls.”

 

Considering the goal of our faith is the salvation of our souls, we should ask; why have the modern English translators all but removed any mention of the soul of man, and of Hell from our Bibles?

 

Clearly action needs to be taken to restore the written word of God to its original meaning. It is in part, for this reason my brothers in Christ and I took up the task of writing the “Clarks English Translation” of the Bible and why all Scripture (unless otherwise stated) in this book is taken from the “Clarks English Translation”. However do feel free to use your own favourite version of the Bible, along with the K.J.V. a good concordance and Bible dictionary to check these things out. In fact I recommend you check out all my writings and teachings, so that your beliefs and understanding of these things should not be founded on my teachings but on the written word of God.

 

The next group of words we need to consider are words usually translated into the K.J.V. as forgive, forgiven, forgave, remit, deliver or deliverance. While the K.J.V puts the emphases on our sins being forgiven, I believe if we put the emphases on our deliverance from sin, which once held us in bondage; we end up with an understanding much closer to intend meaning of the original Scriptures.

 

The finial group we need to consider are words usually translated into the K.J.V. as righteous or righteousness, and other times as just, justice, justification or justified. On checking out the usage of these words;

 

1: The words just, justification and justified, more closely agree with original meaning of Hebrew and Greek words, than does righteous and righteousness.

 

2: I find while righteous and righteousness often does not fit the original meaning of passage; just, justification and justified nearly always fit.

 

3: To say we are justified by the blood of the Lamb; fits overall content of the original Scriptures and Biblical doctrine, much better than saying we are, made righteous by the blood of the Lamb. This will come out much clearer when I do my commentary on Romans.

For these reasons I believe we should stick with just, justification and justified.

 

I do pray that under the guidance of the Holy Spirit and the Scriptures; in reading this study/commentary it will result in your understanding of the Scriptures and in your spiritual maturity in Christ being greatly increased.


 

COMMENTARY on

 

THE GOSPEL OF JOHN Chapter 1.

 

 Verses 1 - 3

 

John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was in the beginning with God. 3 All things were made by him; and without him nothing that was made, was made.

 

In the beginning of what?

 

While in the beginning, at the time of creation, it would have been true to say, “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things were made by him; and without him nothing that was made, was made.” This was also equally true at the beginning of the preaching of the Good News of Kingdom above, by John the Baptist.

 

From before creation until John, the Word was with God, and the Word was God. Then the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us (John 1:1 & 14). But even then, along with the Holy Spirit, they still remained One living being yet three persons within that being.

 

(One of the main purposes of the Good News of the Kingdom above according to John is to establish the doctrine of the Holy Trinity, and the divinity of Jesus Christ.)

 

Some would say the beginning here refers to the time of creation, while others would say it refers to the beginning of the preaching of the Good News of the Kingdom above. In my opinion, while there is truth in both views; right back to the beginning of time, in the Garden of Eden, God preached the Gospel of the Kingdom above to Adam, then later to Enoch (Jude 14 – 15), then to Moses and the prophets; but they could not enter the Kingdom.

 

With John the Baptist mankind entered into a transition period, with John announcing the coming of the Messiah (Jesus Christ) and Good News of the Kingdom. Since then, it has been possible for all to be born again by the Spirit of God and enter the Kingdom. So although the Good News of the Kingdom has been preached since the Garden of Eden, the fulfilment of this Good News did not begin until after John Baptist came preaching repent you, for the kingdom above is at hand (Mat 3:2).

 

Jesus Christ said of John;

 

Matthew 11:10 For this is he, of whom it is written, Look and see, I send my messenger before your face, who shall prepare your way before you. 11 Truly I say unto you, among them that are born of women there has not risen one greater than John the Baptist: however he that is least in the kingdom above is greater than he. 12 From the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom above suffers violence, and the violent take it by force. 13 For all the prophets and the law prophesied until John.

 
The prophets up until John preached the coming of the kingdom above. But since John, we now preach the kingdom of God is within you (Luke 17:20 – 21).

 

John 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we have looked closely at his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.

 

John 1:3 All things were made by him; and without him nothing that was made, was made.

 

In the beginning the Word was both with God, and the Word was God. Therefore they are both God. 4,000 years later the Word was made flesh, born of the Virgin Marry and dwelt among us.

Also present in the beginning, with God and the Word, was the Holy Spirit.

 

Genesis 1:1 In the beginning God created the sky and the earth. 2 And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. - - - - - - 26 And God said; “Let us make man, - - - - - - - - -

 

There are three main Hebrew words that we translate into English as God or gods.

 

1: “El” meaning Mighty One. This word declares the oneness of God and he is the One and only Almighty God.

 

2: “elohim”. This word is used to describe our God far more than any other word. It is also used to describe the many pagan gods. This word indicates the plural nature of our God.

 

3: “Yahweh”. The New Bible Dictionary by Inter-Varsity Press makes this comment; Strictly speaking, Yahweh is the only name of God. I often think of it this way, all the names of God but Yahweh are names that describe either who God is or his character, but Yahweh is his name.

 

Let us consider my earthly father; he has many names, Dad, Father, Husband, Mr Clark, Bandsman, Songster, Choir Master, and many more, but strictly speaking his name was Albert. As a child I only ever once called my father Albert, and my bottom became so sore I never ever again called my father Albert. It is said the children of Israel never ever called God Yahweh, and that whenever they read the scriptures they translated Yahweh as elohim. It was not until 12th century AD that Yahweh was first translated as Jehovah.

 

Throughout the first half of Genesis, it is the word elohim, the plural name for God that is used to describe God. In Genesis 1:26 God referred to himself as us and our, by saying; “Let us make man, in our image, after our likeness.

 

Psalm 90:2 Before the mountains were brought forth, or you had ever formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, you are God.

 

The creation marks the beginning of all things. Everything has a beginning except God, who was before all things. From everlasting to everlasting, before all things, and before the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.


God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit are all one and the selfsame essence and nature. They are all one and the selfsame God, they are all one being yet they are all individual persons. They are all God, the One and only God, they are the Holy Trinity.

 

Hebrews 1:1 God, who at various times and in many ways spoke in times past unto the fathers by the prophets, 2 has in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he has appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;

 

John 1:3 All things were made by him; and without him nothing that was made, was made.

 

God the Word became flesh and dwelt amongst us. The Word having become flesh and dwelling among us was named Jesus. Then at his baptism God the Father declares Jesus to be his Son (Matthew 3:17).

 

In these last days God has spoken unto us by his Son, - - - by whom also he made the worlds.

 

How did God make the worlds? By speaking them into being; seven times during the six days of creation God said ‘let there be - - - - - and things came into being. The worlds were made by the Word of God, then for the next 4,000 years, in times past God spoke unto the fathers by the prophets, but now in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, for in these last days the Word has become flesh and dwelt amongst us.

 

John 1:4 In him was life; and the life was the light of men. 5 And the light shines in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not. 6 There was a man sent from God, whose name was John. 7 The same came for a witness, to bear witness of the Light that all men through him might believe. 8 He was not that Light, but was sent to bear witness of that Light. 9 That was the true Light, which enlightens every man was coming into the world.

 

God is Spirit and the spirit within us, which gives life to our mortal body, comes to us by the breath of God (John 4:24; Gen 2:7 & Job 32:8).

 

It is also the spirit from God within us that enlightens our minds by bringing to us revelation and understanding (Job 32:8).

 

Therefore as life comes from God, and Jesus Christ has within him that same life and the life was the light of men. And the light shines in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not.

 

Jesus Christ, God the Son, reveals the nature and character of God. Christ who is the light of the world brings revelation of the truth to the world; truth to those who are walking in darkness and deception. The devil brings darkness and deception upon the people of the world, so they become blinded to the truth. God through Jesus Christ brings the light of revelation into the world, so that eyes of all who receive him and believe in him are open to the truth. Therefore they no longer walk in the darkness of deception, but now walk in the light of revelation that comes to us through Christ Jesus. 


Verses 10 - 13

 

John 1:10 He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not. 11 He came unto his own, and his own received him not. 12 But as many as received him, to them he gave the right to become the children of God, to them that believe in his name: 13 who were born not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.

 

Ever since God created the sky and the earth He was in the world. That is to say the Word was dwelling amongst the people of the world. And although the people of the world were made by him, the world knew him not.

 

4,000 years after creation He, the Word, came unto his own, those who were of his own earthly flesh and blood, the Jews, and his own received him not.

 

But as many as received him, regardless whether they were Jews or people of the world, to them that believed in his name he gave the right to become the children of God; children who were born not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but born of the Spirit of God.

 

John 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, and we have looked closely at his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth.

 

The Word; God himself who is spirit, was made flesh, and dwelt among us.

 

Matthew 1:23 Look and see, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.

 

The Word was made flesh, born of a virgin, and they called him Emmanuel, which means God with us. For thirty years he grew up amongst us, then Jesus (the Word) was baptized by John, and as He was praying, the sky was opened, and the Holy Spirit descended in bodily form like a dove upon Him, and a voice came from the sky which said, "You are My beloved Son; in You I am well pleased" (Luke 3:21 – 22)

 

John writes; we have looked closely at his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth. This is the first mention of Jesus Christ as the only begotten of the Father, or as the only begotten Son of God. Jesus Christ was never born as the only begotten of the Father, we saw him as the only begotten of the Father, and God the Father declared Jesus to be his Son.

 

Under Hebrew customs one did not receive the rights of the first born by birth, just because he was the first born. He, who received the rights of the first born, did so because the Father gave them the rights of the first born and declared publicly that they were his first born.

 

Ishmael was Abraham’s first born, but Isaac was declared the first born. Esau was Isaac’s first born, but Jacob was declared the first born. As for king David’s first born, in order of birth, Solomon was well down the list, but Solomon received the rights of the first born. The right of the first born was not something given by birth, but a right given by the father, through a public declaration.

 

By right of the public declaration by God the Father we know Jesus Christ as the only begotten Son of God, even though Jesus Christ, who is God, has no beginning and no end.

 

Psalm 2:7 I will declare the decree: the LORD has said unto me, you are my Son; this day have I begotten you.

 

Verses 15

 

John 1:15 John testified of him, and cried out saying; this is he of whom I spake, He that comes after me, is preferred before me: for he was before me.

 

John came to testify of the coming Messiah (John 1:23), the Lamb of God (John 1:29), the one who would baptize in the Holy Spirit (John 1:33), the Son of God (John 1:34). John also declares He that comes after me, is preferred before me: for he was before me.

 

John declares that Jesus is preferred more highly of God than he. John here is exulting Jesus who is God, and that was John’s purpose, to exult Jesus Christ and prepare the way for Christ First Coming. And what is our purpose? To exult Jesus Christ and prepare the way for Christ Second Coming.

 

Although John was born into this world before Jesus Christ and came before Jesus to declare his coming, John declares for he was before me. In this statement John is acknowledging Jesus Christ the Word was before all things.

 

Verse 16

 

John 1:16 And of his fullness, we have all received, and grace for grace.

 

Jesus Christ is full to overflowing with grace and truth, and God desires to poor out this abounding grace and truth upon us. Grace is the undeserved favour of God. For example, we don’t deserve God’s release from our sins, but God freely releases us from our sins. However there is a condition; like God our Father we should freely release those who sin against us.

 

Matthew 6:12 And release us from our debts, as we release our debtors. 13 And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For yours is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, forever. Amen. 14 For if you release men from their faults, your Father in the sky will also release you: 15 But if you do not release men from their faults, neither will your Father release you from your faults.

 

When God releases us from our sins, he extends grace towards us. Do we deserve release from our sins? No! When we release others we extend the grace that God poured out upon us upon others. Do they deserve release from their sin? No! But God is our Father, and just as God has poured out love, grace and release from sin upon us, we to should pour out love, grace and release upon others.

 

So when we receive the fullness of Christ, we also receive a cycle of love for love; release for release; mercy for mercy; grace for grace. The more love, release, mercy and grace of God we pour out upon others, the more love, release, mercy and grace God will pour out upon us; this is grace for grace.

 

Luke 6:38 Give, and it shall be given unto you; good measure, pressed down, and shaken together, and running over, shall men give into your bosom. For with the same measure that you measure out to others it shall be measured back to you.

 

 

Verse 17

 

John 1:17 For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.

 

The law was given by Moses. Under the law, because all man have sinned and fallen short of the glory of God (Romans 3:23), we were all bound by the law of sin and death (Romans 8:2). Although God’s grace and mercy was available to us, it was largely hidden in type pictures and shadows. But when Jesus Christ came he revealed the fullness of God’s grace and mercy. Therefore grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.

 

Romans 6:16 Know you not, that to whom you submit yourselves as bondservants to obey, his bondservant you are to whom you obey; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto justification? 17 But God be thanked, that you were the bondservant of sin, but you have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which was delivered to you. 18 Being then made free from sin, you became the bondservant of justification.

 

Romans 8:1 Therefore there is now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. 2 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has made me free from the law of sin and death.

 

 

Verse 18

 

John 1:18 No man has seen God at any time, however the only begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father. He has declared him.

 

No man other than Son has seen, known and understood God, nor fully comprehended God.

 

(The only begotten Son. See comments on verse 14.)

 

The only begotten Son, who is in the Bosom of the Father. He has declared him. This being in the bosom of the Father is telling us two things.


Firstly: 2,000 years ago, when a group of people came to the table for a meal; they would all recline on their left elbow at approximately a 45° angle to the table. So that if one lent back, the back of his head would touch the bosom of the person behind him on his left. Thus making it possible for the two communicate with each other, while no one else could hear them.

 

Secondly: It speaks of the closeness between the Father and the Son, and how the Son therefore intimately knew all the Father’s secrets, his personality, his habits, his nature. Then the Son, through his life, actions and words, did reveal, declared and brought to us a true knowledge and understanding of the Father.

 

 

Verses 19 - 21

 

John 1:19 And this is the report of John, when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him; Who are you? 20 And he confessed, and denied not; but confessed, I am not the Christ. 21 And they asked him; what then? Are you Elijah? And He said; I am not. Are you the prophet? And he answered, No.

 

Perhaps if we compared this questioning of John, with a question Jesus Christ asked his disciples.

 

Matthew  6:13 When Jesus came into the coasts of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, saying, who do men say that I the Son of man are? 14 And they said, some say that you are John the Baptist: some, Elijah; and others, Jeremiah, or one of the prophets.

 

It would seem that reports of John the Baptist had reached the Jewish leaders in Jerusalem, some even suggesting that John the Baptist, was the Christ, some Elijah, some the prophet.

 

So they came to John and asked, are you the Christ. To which John confessed, “I am not the Christ.” Next, became it is said in Malachi 4:5, that Elijah would come before the great and terrible day of the Lord they asked, Are you Elijah? And John answered “I am not. Then, possibly because Moses spoke of a coming prophet that would be raise up from amongst them (Deu. 18:15), they asked are you the prophet? And again he answered, No.

 

Some would point to Luke 1:16, where to angel of the Lord prophecies about John the Baptist going before the Lord in the spirit and power of Elijah; and to Matthew 16:14, where Jesus Christ says John is Elijah which was to come; and ask how can John say that he is not Elijah.

 

Luke 1:16 And many of the children of Israel shall he turn to the Lord their God. 17 And he shall go before him in the spirit and power of Elijah to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just; to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.

 

Matthew 11:13 For all the prophets and the law prophesied until John. 14 And if you will receive it, this is Elijah, which was to come.

 
The prophecy given by the angel of the Lord says John the Baptist would come in the spirit and power of Elijah. The angel did not say John was Elijah, only that he would come in the spirit and power of Elijah. While Jesus said, if you will receive it, this is Elijah, which was to come.

 

John the Baptist did come in the spirit and power of Elijah, but he was not Elijah in the flesh. Therefore if we receive him as Elijah, he is Elijah. But he is not Elijah come in the flesh; therefore in order to fulfil the prophecy of Malachi 4:5 in full, Elijah still has to come in the flesh.

 

 

Verses 22 - 23

 

John 1:22 Then they said unto him, Who are you? So we may give an answer to those who sent us. What do you say of yourself? 23 He said, I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness, make straight the way of the Lord, as said the prophet Isaiah.

 

So far, those who had been sent by the Jewish leaders to ask who John was, had only received negatives answers. So now they ask John; “What do you say of yourself.” And John replies by quoting from the prophet Isaiah, saying, I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness, make straight the way of the Lord (Isaiah 40:3). So John’s job description is one who goes before the Lord.


1: To declare that the Lord is coming.

 
2: To tell people to prepare for his coming. In the natural, to prepare the way for the Lord meant repairing the roads and preparing a welcoming banquet. In the spiritual this means to repent and get your hearts right with Lord God and our lives in order by living just lives.

 

Matthew 3:1 In those days John the Baptist came preaching in the wilderness of Judaea, And saying, Repent you: for the kingdom above is at hand. For this is he that was spoken of by the prophet Elijah, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare you the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.

 

 

Verses 24 - 27

 

John 1:24 And they which were sent were of the Pharisees. 25 Then asked him, saying unto him, Why then do you baptize, if you be not that Christ, nor Elijah, neither the prophet? 26 John answered them, saying, I baptize in water: but there stands one among you, whom you know not; 27 he is the One coming after me, who has been before me; whose shoe's strap I am not worthy to unloose.

 

John said I baptize in water: but there stands one among you, whom you know not. In other words, there is one who is a Jew, who is living amongst you, but you do not know who he is. He is the One who is coming after me, even though he was before me. In the flesh, John was born first, yet John says Jesus Christ was before him. Because in the beginning Jesus Christ as the Word was with God and he was God. And the One who is coming is so much greater than John, that John does not even count himself as worthy to unloose the strap of his shoe.

 

 

Verse 28

 

John 1:28 These things were done in Bethabara beyond Jordan; where John was baptizing.

 

Although John came from the hill country of Judea, much of his ministry was in Perea, which was east of the River Jordan. John’s announcement of the imminent coming of the kingdom above, not only alarmed Antipas (the ruler of Perea), it also alarmed the Jewish leaders in Jerusalem.

 

 

Verse 29

 

John 1:29 The next day John sees Jesus coming unto him, and said, Look and see the Lamb of God, which takes away the sin of the world.

 

The next day, being the day after John was questioned by those who had been sent by the leaders of the Jews. It would appear that after John had baptized Jesus, and after Jesus had spent 40 days in the wilderness, he then returned to where John was preaching and baptizing in the Jordan.

 

John seeing Jesus proclaims; Look and see the Lamb of God, which takes away the sin of the world.

 

Right back to Garden of Eden, a lamb was the acceptable offering to take away sins (Gen 4:1 – 4). At the first Passover God accepted sacrifice of one lamb per household, to take away the sins of each household (Exodus 12:4). But in these last days God accepts one lamb, Jesus Christ the Lamb of God, to take away the sin of the world (John 3:16).

 

 

Verse 30

 

John 1:30 This is he of whom I said; After me comes a Man, who has come before me, for he was before me.

 

Although John was born into this world before Jesus Christ and came before Jesus to declare his coming, John declares for he was before me. In this statement John is acknowledging Jesus Christ the Word was before all things (John 1:15).

 

 

Verses 31 - 34

 

John 1:31 And I knew him not: but that he should be revealed to Israel, therefore I have come baptizing in water. 32 And John testified, saying, I saw the Spirit descending from the sky like a dove, and it remained upon him. 33 And I knew him not: but he that sent me to baptize in water, the same said unto me, upon whom you shall see the Spirit descending, and remaining on him, this is he whom baptizes in the Holy Spirit. 34 And I saw, and testified that this is the Son of God.

 

Although Jesus and John were cousins, John grew up not knowing that Jesus was the Christ. Yes, before his birth, through the words of the angle of God to his father Zachariah, it had been made known that John would go before the Lord in the spirit of Elijah.


Then later God had it made known to John, by the Holy Spirit, that as he went forth preaching; repent you for the kingdom above at hand and baptizing in water (Matthew 3:2), the Son of God would be revealed by the Holy Spirit descending and remaining upon him.

 

 

Verses 35 - 36

 

John 1:35 Again the next day after John stood, with two of his disciples; 36 and looking upon Jesus as he walked, he said, Look and see the Lamb of God!

 

(See comment on verse 29.)

 
 

Verses 37 – 39

 

John 1:37 And the two disciples heard him speak, and they followed Jesus. 38 Then Jesus turned, and saw them following, and said unto them, what do you seek? They said unto him, Rabbi, (which is interpreted, Master,) where do you dwell? 39 He said unto them, Come and see. They came and saw where he dwelt, and remained with him that day: for it was about the 10th hour.

 

The question often asked of this passage, what was John talking about when he says, for it was about the 10th hour. Most scholars are of the opinion John was referring to the working day which begin at 6 o’clock in the morning and ended at 6 o’clock in the evening (Matthew 20:1 – 16). So the 10 hour would of been 4 pm our time, and two hours later, at 6pm would been the end of the working day, when most people would return to their own home. So the two disciples of John and Jesus Christ would have spent about two hours together.

 

 

Verses 40 – 42

 

John 1:40 One of the two which heard John speak, and followed him, was Andrew, Simon Peter's brother. 41 He first finds his own brother Simon, and said unto him; we have found the Messiah, which is, being interpreted, the Christ. 42 And he led him to Jesus. And when Jesus looked upon him, he said, you are Simon the son of Jonah: you shall be called Peter, which is by interpretation, a stone.

 

Andrew, one of the two who had heard John the Baptist say, that Jesus Christ was the Lamb of God, having followed Jesus to his home, and having then spent two hour with him, goes first of all to find his brother Simon, to tell him “we have found the Christ”. Then he led him to Jesus and Jesus seeing Simon renames him Peter, which means a stone.

 

 

Verses 43 – 44

 

John 1:43 The day following Jesus decided to go into Galilee, and finding Philip he said unto him, follow me. 44 Now Philip was of Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter.

 
Jesus decides to journey from where John was baptizing on the east bank of the Jordan River, to Galilee. Finding Philip he said unto him follow me. Then we are told that Philip, Peter and Andrew are all from Bethsaida, which is on the northern shore of the Sea of Galilee.

 

 

Verse 45

 

John 1:45 Philip finds Nathanael, and said unto him, we have found him, of whom Moses in the law, and the prophets, did write, Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.

 

Both Moses in the books of the Law, the first five books of the Bible, and the prophets from Isaiah to Malachi often mentioned coming of the Christ. And Philip finding Nathanael tells him we have found him, of whom Moses in the law, and the prophets, did write, Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph. By this statement we not only discover Philip already believe that Jesus was the Christ, we can also take it that both Philip and Nathanael had a good understanding of the Scriptures.

 

 

Verse 46

 

John 1:46 And Nathanael said unto him, Can any good thing come out of Nazareth? Philip said unto him, come and see.

 

The Jews who lived in Judea had a prejudice against the Jews who lived in Galilee; and although Nazareth was in Galilee, even the Galileans had a prejudice against those who lived in Nazareth. So it was that Nathanael was prejudice against anyone from Nazareth, and knowing it was prophesied that the Christ would be born in Bethlehem (Mat 2:46), he says, can any good thing come out of Nazareth? But Philip, firmly believing Jesus is the Christ, tells Nathanael to come and see for yourself. When we have had a personal encounter with Christ, we no longer need to argue with others whether Jesus is the Christ or not. All we need to do is show them the Christ by sharing our own personal encounter with Christ.

 

 

Verses 47 – 50

 

John 1:47 Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him, and said of him, Look and see, an Israelite indeed, in whom there is no deceit! 48 Nathanael said unto him, from where do you know me? Jesus answered and said unto him, before Philip called you, I saw you when you were under the fig tree. 49 Nathanael answered and said unto him, Rabbi, Master, you are the Son of God; you are the King of Israel. 50 Jesus answered and said unto him, because I said unto you, I saw you under the fig tree, you believe? You shall see greater things than these.

 

Even before Philip called Nathanael, when he was under the fig tree, Jesus Christ the Son of Man, by the Spirit of God who dwelt in him, saw and knew Nathanael; and by this sign and wonder Nathanael stopped doubting and believed that Jesus Christ was the Son of God; the King of Israel.

 

 

Verse 51

 

Back in Genesis 28:12 – 22, Jacob had his first encounter with God. In a dream he saw a ladder reaching into the sky, and angels were descending and ascending upon the ladder. Above the ladder stood the LORD, who said I am the LORD God of Abraham the father and the God of Isaac. So it was that Jacob received this picture of the ministering angels of the Lord coming down from the presence of the God to minister to our needs and to encamp around those who fear him (Psalm 91:11 – 12 & 34:7).

 

It is with this knowledge of the Old Testament teachings that we now look at verse 51.

 

John 1:51 And He said unto him, Surely, surely, I say unto you, hereafter you shall see the sky open, and the angels of God ascending and descending upon the Son of man.

 

This verse reveals Jesus Christ as the ladder and the door way between earth bound man and God above. Only through God the Son do we have direct access to God the Father, and through the power and authority of the Son, the angels of God minister to our needs.

 

Here Jesus Christ is not only talking to Nathanael, but to all of his disciples. The disciples had all just recently recognized, believed and received Jesus as the Christ and as their Lord and Master. Therefore they had also just received the authority to become the children of God born again by the Spirit of God (John 1:12) and except a man be born again, he cannot see nor enter the kingdom of God (John 3:3 - 5). Therefore, now that they are born again, Jesus tells them that from hereafter you shall see the sky open, and the angels of God descending upon the Son of man (John 1:51).

 

 


 

COMMENTARY on

THE GOSPEL OF JOHN Chapter 2.

 

 

Verses 1 - 2

 

John 2:1 Then the third day there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee; and the mother of Jesus was there; 2 and both Jesus and his disciples were called to the marriage. 3 And when they wanted wine, the mother of Jesus said unto him, they have no wine.

 

The two most common thoughts on this passage are;

 

1: It was on the third day after Jesus meet with Nathanael, that Jesus and his disciples were called to the marriage.

 

2: Two thousand years ago, it was the custom for a marriage feast to be held over seven days, and it was not until the third day of the marriage feast that Jesus and his disciples were called to the marriage.

 

To me, the second thought seems to be correct.

 

So it was that on the third day of the marriage Jesus and his disciples were called to the marriage, and when they wanted wine the mother of Jesus said unto him, they have no wine.

 

Verses 3 - 5

 

John 2:3 And when they wanted wine, the mother of Jesus said unto him, they have no wine. 4 Jesus said unto her, Woman, what concern is that of you or me? My hour has not yet come. 5 His mother said unto the servants, “Whatsoever he says unto you, do it”.

 

The wine had run out. Maybe they were a poor family; maybe many more guests turned up than expected. The host were probably close relatives, and Mary would have been concerned for the family, that lack of wine would bring shame upon them. Although Jesus had not as yet preformed any miracles, she knew Jesus was the Son of God (Luke 1:2) and within her she probably knew by the Spirit of God, it was time for God’s glory be made manifest (to be revealed) through her son. Or maybe it was something God allowed to happen in order that the opportunity for Christ to be manifested and make known his glory.

 

When Mary the mother of Jesus said “they have no wine” she must have said it in such a way that Jesus took it as an indication that his mother expected him to perform a miracle that would remedy the problem; and Jesus Christ first reaction was to say, “My hour has not yet come”. Yet in submission to the will of God the Father (John 6:38) and in honour to his earthly mother (Eph 6:2) Jesus agreed he needed to do something to fulfil this need, so his mother said unto the servants, “Whatsoever he says unto you, do it”.

 

 

Verses 6 – 8

 

John 2:6 There were six stone water pots there, after the manner of the purifying of the Jews, each containing twenty to thirty gallons. 7 Jesus said unto them, Fill the water pots with water. And they filled them up to the brim. 8 Then he said unto them, now draw some out and carry unto the governor of the feast. And they carried it.

 

The Jews would have had water pots in the home for many different reasons, these ones were there for the purpose of holding water for the washing of the hands and feet, thus purifying the hands and feet before coming to the table to eat and drink. Jesus tells them to fill the water pots with water, then draw some out and take it to the governor of the feast. Thus they carried the water to the governor.

 

 

Verses 9 – 10

 

John 2:9 When the governor of the feast had tasted the water that was made into wine, and he knew not from where it came: (but the servants who carried the water knew;) the governor of the feast called the bridegroom, 10 and said unto him, Every man at the beginning does set forth good wine; and when men have well drunk, then that which is worse: but you have kept the good wine until now.

 

Then look and see the water was made into wine. Although the surprised servants would have known the water had been miraculously turned into wine; the governor of the feast would of had no idea where the wine had come from, or what had just happened; and being surprised by quality of the wine, calls the bridegroom, who traditionally is responsible for providing the wine.

 

There are many type pictures here that we can draw on. When Moses introduced the Law, his first miracle was to turn the water into blood. When Jesus Christ introduced the grace and mercy of God, his first miracle was to turn the water into wine. The first miracles of Moses brought judgement and death. The first miracle of Jesus brought grace and mercy.

 

It is the bridegroom’s responsibility to provide the wine. On the cross Jesus Christ partook of the sour wine, the bitter wine of judgement. Now Jesus Christ our bridegroom provides the new wine of the Holy Spirit (Eph 5:18), and the new wine of the Holy Spirit is much better than old bitter wine of judgement.

 

Verse 11

 
John 2:11 This the first of miracles, Jesus did in Cana of Galilee, and revealed his glory; and his disciples believed on him.

 

It was when Jesus Christ was receiving the baptized of repentance in water, by John; that the Holy Spirit came upon him in power. Prior to his baptism Jesus did no mighty works. After his baptism Jesus first spent 40 days in the wilderness, before coming back to John the Baptist and gathering the first of his disciples. Then he headed for Galilee, where he preformed to first of his miracles (Acts 10:37 -38).

 

 

Verse 12

 

John 2:12 After this he went down to Capernaum, he, his mother, his brethren, and his disciples: and they remained there for only a few days.

 

The city of Capernaum is mentioned many times in the gospels. In Matthew 8:14, we are told Peter’s home was in Capernaum; and in Mark 1:29 we are told that Peter, Andrew, James and John all lived together in the same house.

 

Jesus and his disciples went down to Capernaum for a few days before going up to Jerusalem for the Passover.

 

 

Verses 13 - 17

 

John 2:13 And the Jews' Passover was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem, 14 and found in the temple those that sold oxen, sheep and doves, and the changers of money sitting. 15 And when he had made a whip of small cords, he drove them all out of the temple, along with the sheep, and the oxen; and poured out the changers' money, and overthrew the tables. 16 Then said unto them that sold doves, Take these things from here, and make not my Father's house a house of merchandise. 17 And his disciples remembered that it was written, for zeal for your house has consumed me.

 

Matthew 21:12 And Jesus went into the temple of God, and cast out all them that sold and bought in the temple, and overthrew the tables of the money changers, and the seats of them that sold doves, 13 And said unto them, It is written, My house shall be called the house of prayer; but you have made it a den of thieves (& Luke 19:45 – 47).

 

The children of Israel were expected to bring their tithes, offerings and Passover Over lambs unto the temple in Jerusalem. But for those living a long way away, instead driving a tithe of their live stock all the way to Jerusalem; they could change it for money, bring the money to Jerusalem, and there buy live stock to sacrifice unto God. But dishonest merchants were selling their live stock at inflated prices. Also when one was giving cash unto the Lord God, one was expected to use temple currency and not Roman currency. So there were other dishonest merchants exchanging currency and making a dishonest gain.

 

When Jesus entered the temple of God, he saw all this dishonest trading going on. So with zeal for the house of God he drove them brought and sold live stock, and turned over the tables of the money changers. And his disciples remembered that it was written, for zeal your house has consumed me (Psalm 69:9).

 

 

Verses 18

 

John 2:18 Then the Jews answered unto him saying, what sign do you, showing unto us that you have authority to do these things?

 
Jesus had assumed the character of a prophet; and as Moses and Elijah and the other prophets had backed up their identity as prophets, by signs and wonders; the question is asked; what sign do you, showing unto us that you have authority to do these things?

 

We are not told who asked this question, but it is likely those in charge of the temple were asking the question. They had not given Jesus this authority; could the great council have given him this authority, if not who?

 

 

Verses 19 – 21

 

John 2:19 Jesus answered and said unto them; destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up. 20 Then said the Jews, It has taken forty six years to build this temple, and will you tear down and raise it up in three days? 21 But he spoke of the temple of his body. 22 Therefore, when he was raised from the dead, his disciples remembered what he had said unto them; and they believed the scripture, and the word which Jesus had said.

 

The sign Jesus Christ says he will give to show that he has the authority to do these things he, is to destroy his earthly body, the temple of his human soul, then raise it up in three days. But they though Jesus was talking of temple in Jerusalem which had taken forty six years to build. Therefore when Jesus Christ was raised from the dead, they remembered what he had said unto them, and they believed the scriptures and the word which Jesus had said.

 

 

Verses 23 – 25

 

John 2:23 Now when he was in Jerusalem at the Passover, in the feast day, many believed in his name, when they saw the miracles which he did. 24 But Jesus did not entrust himself unto them, because he knew all men, 25 therefore needed not that any should testify of man: for he knew what was in man.

 

Back in verse 13, we are told that the Passover was at hand; therefore as was his custom he made the journey to Jerusalem for the Passover. During the feast of Passover the feast continued for eight days. Many who had seen the miracles which he did believed in his name. But knowing how inconstant and fickle the multitude could be, and how easily the Jewish leaders might turn them against him, Jesus did not entrust himself unto them. He did not need any to testify to him of nature man, for he himself being a man, knew what was in man.

 

1 Corinthians 2:11 For what man knows the things of a man, save the spirit of man which is in him? Even so the things of God no man knows, but by the Spirit of God.

 


 

 

COMMENTARY on

 

THE GOSPEL OF JOHN Chapter 3.

 

 

Verses 1 - 2

 

John 3:1 There was a man of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews: 2 who came to Jesus by night, and said unto him, Rabbi, we know that you are a teacher come from God: for no man can do the miracles that you do, except God be with him.

 

Among the Jews there were two main religious sects; the Pharisees and the Sadducees. The Pharisees believed in the coming resurrection of the dead and the coming judgement; they also believed in angels, demons and the miracle working power of God. While the Sadducees were sad you see, because they did not believe in any of these things.

 

Nicodemus was a Pharisee and a ruler of the Jews and he came to see Jesus by night. We are not told why he came at night. It is possible, as Nicodemus was a member of the Sanhedrin (the Jewish leaders) he was busy all day, and as Jesus was publicly teaching all day and working miracles, meeting Jesus at night was the most practical time.

 

Nicodemus addresses Jesus as Rabbi, in recognition that Jesus was a distinguished teacher. He says we know you are a teacher come from God. Perhaps when Nicodemus said we know, he was referring to some close associates of his amongst the leaders of Israel. They had both seen and heard of the miracles Jesus was doing, therefore they believed God was with him. How else could a man work such miracles?

 

 

Verses 3 - 7

 

John 3:3 Jesus answered and said unto him, truly, truly, I say unto you, except a man be born from above, he cannot see the kingdom of God.

 

To be born from above is to be born of God, and only those who receive Jesus Christ as their God and maker, and believe in his name, are given the right to be born of God (John 1:10 – 13). If anyone is not born from above, he cannot, either in this life or in the life to come, see the kingdom of God.

 

What is the kingdom of God? In this passage it is referring to the goodness, the power and authority of God and his kingdom. When we are born from above as a child of God; all this goodness and power of God and his kingdom are there for the taking. We can see it, but we still need to take hold of it.

 

John 3:4 Nicodemus said unto him, how can a man be born when he is old? Can he enter a second time into his mother's womb, and be born? Jesus answered, truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. 7 Marvel not that I said to you, you must be born again.

 
The mind of fallen man cannot perceive the things of the kingdom of God, for it is only by the Spirit of God that we can see and understand these things. Therefore Nicodemus not seeing nor understanding these things, for his mind is still stuck in the flesh, ask the question, Can a man enter a second time into his mother’s womb, and be born?

 

It is written;

 

Job 14:1 Man born of a woman is of few days, and full of trouble. He comes forth like a flower, and is cut down: he flees also as a shadow, and continues not. 3 And do you open your eyes upon such as this, and bring me into judgment with you? 4 Who can bring a clean thing out of an unclean? No one.

 

When Jesus says that which is born of flesh, he is not just speaking of our earthly body, he is mainly speaking of the fallen sin nature of man that is passed on from our parents to us. Because of this fallen sin nature that infects us all, how can our mother who is unclean give birth to that which is clean? She cannot. Therefore to become clean we must be born again by the Spirit of God, born again as a child of God with a new nature, the nature of God our Father from above, which is clean. Only then can one see the things of the kingdom of God.

 

When we are born again by the Spirit of God, our spiritual eyes are open and we can see the things of the kingdom. Then having be born again of the Spirit of God the Father, the Father’s first command is; “Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the deliverance from sin; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit (Acts 2:38).

 

When we receive Jesus Christ as our God and maker, and believe in his name, we receive the right to be born again by Spirit of God, and being born again we can now see all the goodness, power and authority of the kingdom of God that is now rightfully ours by birth. But as a child of God we are no better than a slave until the time of the Fathers choosing. That time being the time of our baptism into Christ, for it is at our baptism into Christ that we receive the full rights of a son of God (Galatians 3:26 to 4:7).

 

So it is; when we first believe and receive Jesus the Christ, we are born again by the Spirit of God and can see the kingdom of God. Then at our baptism, as we are being born out of water, we receive the infilling of the Holy Spirit (Act 2:38) and we as a son of God, receive all power and authority in Christ Jesus, and enter into the fullness of the kingdom of God.

 

We follow in Jesus Christ footsteps. Jesus Christ having been born into the world by the Spirit of God; was a child of God and subject guardians [his earthly parents] and stewards [the Law] (Galatians 4:2).

 

As a child of God, Jesus could see the things of the kingdom God, but he could not enter into and partake of the fullness of the power and authority of the kingdom of God, until he was born out of water. For it was as he was being born out of water at his baptism and the Father declared this is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.

 

 

Verse 8

 

John 3:8 The Spirit breathes where he desires, and you hear his voice, but cannot tell from where he comes, and to where he goes: so it is with everyone who is born of the Spirit.

 

When the Spirit of God breathes on us, it is according God’s will and desire, and we hear his voice. But from where the Spirit of God comes from or where he goes, we do not know. So it is with everyone who is born of the Spirit.

 

The Spirit breathes where he desires, and so it is with everyone who is born of the Spirit.


Note: In this verse John used the Greek word pnema twice; which here we have translated both times as Spirit. Because most English version of the Bible translate the beginning of this verse; the wind blows where it wills, it is best that we explain why we start this verse be saying the Spirit breathes where he desires.

 

The New Testament writers used the word pnema a total of 385 times, of which John used it 60 times. Of these 385 times the K.J.V. translates it 383 times as Ghost, Spirit or spirit, once as life (Rev 13:15) and once as wind in the verse we are currently looking at.

 

It is the Greek word anemos, that the K.J.V. most commonly translates as wind, and used by John four times (John 6:18; Rev 6:13 & 7:1 X 2). New Testament writers used this word for wind 31 times in total. Therefore we can safely assume; it is correct to translate this verse as the Spirit breathes where he desires.

 

 

Verses 9 - 13

 

John 3:9 Nicodemus answered and said unto him, how can these things be? 10 Jesus answered and said unto him, Are you a teacher of Israel, and know not these things? 11 Truly, truly, I say unto you, we speak that which we do know, and testify that which we have seen; and you receive not our witness. 12 If I have told you earthly things, and you believe not, how shall you believe, if I tell you of (spiritual) things in the sky? 13 No man has ascended up to the sky, other than he who came down from the sky, the Son of man which is in the sky.

 

Nicodemus was a teacher of Israel, and Jesus had been talking to him about earthly things; both those of the flesh and of those the spirit that touch our every day earthly lives. He had been talking about being born of the flesh and being born of the Spirit, he had been talking about seeing the kingdom of God and entering into and experiencing the power and authority of kingdom of God in this life we now live on earth. But Nicodemus did not believe.

 

Then Jesus says to Nicodemus, if you will not believe me when I speak of things that happen every day down here on earth, how shall you believe if I tell you of spiritual things in the sky? What is in the sky? God’s throne is in the sky, and so are the host of angels and the demonic host. God and all these beings are all around us in the sky, in the air we breathe.


If you will not believe me when I tell you of spiritual things that happen on earth, things that I and many other believers experience daily, how can you ever believe me when I speak of spiritual things that happen in the sky.

 

Jesus Christ has been explaining to Nicodemus what it is to be born again; then in bringing this part of the discussion to a close Jesus says, no man has ascended up to the sky, other than he who came down from the sky, the Son of man which is in the sky.

 

We are both a spiritual being and a physical being. Before creation, the Word was not only with God and was God and he was solely a spiritual being. But in order to deliver mankind from the law of sin and death the Word became just like us and dwelt among us (John 1:1 & Philippians 2:6 – 8).

 

So the Word came to earth and became just like us, in that he became both a spiritual being and a physical being. Then Jesus says, no man has ascended up to the sky, other than he who came down from the sky.

 

Here Jesus cannot have been talking of a physical ascension up into the sky.

 

1: Because both Enoch and Elijah had both physically ascended up into the sky (Genesis 5:24; Hebrews 11:5 & 2 Kings 2:11).

 

2: At the time of this discussion Jesus Christ had not yet physically ascended up into the sky.

 

So given that Jesus Christ was both a physical and spiritual being just like us, how and when did Jesus ascend up into the sky before his physical death, burial and resurrection? Like us he spiritually ascended into the sky at the time of his baptism in water.

 

John 3:5 Jesus answered, truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. Marvel not that I said to you, you must be born again.

 

Luke 3:21 Now when all the people were baptized, it came to pass that Jesus also being baptized and praying, the sky was opened, 22 and the Holy Spirit descended in bodily form like a dove upon Him, and a voice came from the sky which said, "You are My beloved Son; in You I am well pleased."

 

Acts 10:37 That word, you know, which was published throughout all Judaea, and began from Galilee, after the baptism which John preached; 38 How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him.

 

Before his baptism Jesus, just like us, was earth bound by his physical being, but at his baptism God the Father declared Jesus Christ to be his only begotten Son and he received the gift of the Holy Spirit (Luke 3:21 – 22). Although at that point in time Jesus Christ physical body was still bound to earth, spiritually he had now ascended to the right hand of the Father far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named (Ephesians 1:21).


At his baptism Jesus Christ spiritually ascended to the right hand of Father in the sky. Then after his physical death and resurrection, Jesus Christ both physically and spiritually ascended to the Father. Likewise we to at our baptism spiritually ascend to the right hand of Jesus Christ in the sky.

 

Ephesians 2:4 But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love with which he loved us, 5 Even when we were dead in sins, he made us alive together with Christ, (by grace you are saved;) 6 And he has raised us up together, and made us sit together in Christ Jesus in the sky.

 

Then at our resurrection we will both physically and spiritually raised up on the Last Day (John 6:40) to live forever with our Lord and Deliverer.

 

 

Verses 14 – 15

 

John 3:14 As Moses lifted up the snake in the wilderness, even so the Son of man must be lifted up: 15 That whosoever believes in him should not perish, but have eternal life.

 

Verse 14 is referring to Moses, telling us that just as Moses lifted up the snake in the wilderness, even so the Son of man must be lifted up. Therefore we can say, when Moses lifted up the snake in the wilderness, this was a type picture of the coming crucifixion of Jesus Christ. So first let us look at the account of this in Numbers 21.

 

Numbers 21:5 And the people spake against God, and against Moses, Why have you brought us up out of Egypt to die in the wilderness? For there is no bread, neither is there any water; and our soul loathes this light bread. And the LORD sent fiery snakes among the people, and they bit the people; and many people of Israel died. Therefore the people came to Moses, and said, We have sinned, for we have spoken against the LORD, and against you; pray unto the LORD, that he take away the snakes from us. So Moses prayed for the people. And the LORD said unto Moses, Make a fiery snake, and set it upon a pole: and it shall come to pass, that every one that is bitten, when he looks upon it, shall live. And Moses made a snake of brass, and put it upon a pole, and it came to pass, that if a snake had bitten any man, when he looked towards the snake of brass, he lived.

 

Galatians 3:13 Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangs on a tree (Deut 21:23):

 

The children of God rebelled against God and God’s servant Moses in the wilderness. They sinned and the penalty for sin is death. Therefore they came under the curse of death and the Lord sent fiery snakes among the people; and many people of Israel died.

 

In the Bible, snakes are symbolic of Satanic and demonic activity. When we rebel or speak out against God or his servants, we give Satan and his demons legal right to attack us, to steel, to kill, and to destroy. When we rebel against God, it not so much that God sends Satan against us, but that God lifts his hand of protection away from us, allowing Satan to come against us. Therefore when God’s people rebel against God and his servants, Satan the snake and his demons the snakes and scorpions come amongst them and many of God’s servants die; some spiritually and some physically.

 

When the snakes came amongst God’s people, they repented and asked God’s servant to pray to God, and Moses interceded between man and God. Here Moses is a type picture of how, when we repent and turn back to God, Jesus Christ make intercession for us (Hebrews 7:25). Just as God heard Moses when he prayed for the children of Israel; likewise God hears Jesus Christ when he prays for us.

 

God’s answer to the children of Israel, was to hang a brass snake upon a pole, symbolising the taking away of the children of God’s sin and the curse of their sin and hanging them all on the tree; thus releasing the children of God from their sin and death the curse of sin.

 

God’s answer to us, was to hang his only begotten Son, Jesus Christ upon the cross, taking away from us all our sins and the curses for our sins, and placing them upon the body of Jesus Christ; thus releasing us from our sin and death the curse of sin.

 

II Corinthians 5:21 For he has made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made justified of God in him.

 

John 10:10 The thief comes not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly. 11 I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd gives his soul for the sheep.

 

Why was Jesus Christ crucified on the cross?

 

John 3:16b That whosoever believes in him should not perish, but have eternal life.

 

 

Verse 16

 

John 3:16 For God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believes in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

 

Why did God the Father give his only begotten Son to die on the cross?

 

Firstly and above all else, for God so loved the world. God loved the world, that is, God loved, and still does, love all mankind, Jew, Christian, Pagan, whatever. He does not always love what we do, but he always loves us, and longs to reconcile all mankind to himself. Therefore loving all mankind God gave his only begotten Son to die on the cross for the sins of all mankind, that whosoever believes in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

 

Romans 5:8 But God demonstrates his love toward us, in that, while we were still sinners, Christ died for us.

 

God did not firstly above all else give his only begotten Son to turn aside the wrath of God. Yes the giving of his Son does turn aside God’s wrath, but God number one motivation for redeeming mankind from the curse of the law of sin and death, is his love for the world. Not because we have in any way earned God’s love and mercy, for there is nothing we can do to earn God’s love and mercy.

 


Verses 17 - 18

 

John 3:17 For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved. 18 He that believes in him is not condemned: but he that does not believe is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.

 

1 Corinthians 15:21 For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead. 22 For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive

 

All mankind through Adam have inherited a sin nature, and because of this fallen sin nature we are all born with a desire to please ourselves before all others. That is we are born with a desire to live our lives according to our own will, and not according to the will of God and others. This self-gratifying life is sin. Because of this inherited sin nature, which came through Adam all man are condemned to die.

 

Romans 3:23 For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;

 

Not only have we been born with this fallen sin nature, even the best of us, from time to time sin.

 

Romans 6:23 For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

 

The wages of our sin, both that which we have inherited, and those sins we have committed is death; but the gift of God is eternal life though Jesus Christ our Lord. The law demanded the payment of death for sin. In giving his Only Begotten Son to die on the cross, God condemned the sin of all mankind. In dying upon the cross Jesus Christ paid the price of death for all mankind; thus setting all mankind free from the law of sin and death.

 

God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that through the blood of Jesus Christ the world would be justified. Therefore all who believe and receive Jesus Christ as their Lord and Saviour will not perish, but have everlasting life. But he that believes not is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.

 

 

Verses 19 - 21

 

John 3:19 And this is the condemnation, that light has come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil. 20 For every one that does evil hates the light, neither do they come to the light, lest his deeds should be rebuked. 21 But he that does truth comes to the light, that his deeds may be revealed, that they are worked in God.

 

Jesus Christ, God the Son, reveals the nature and character of God. Christ who is the light of the world brings revelation of the truth to the people of the world, who are walking in darkness and deception. The devil brings darkness and deception upon the people of the world, so they become blinded to the truth. God through Jesus Christ brings the light and revelation to the people of the world, so that the eyes of all who believe and receive him are open to the truth. Therefore for they no longer walk in the darkness of deception, but now walk in the light of revelation that comes to us through Christ Jesus.


The world is condemned because Jesus Christ has brought light and revelation into the world, but men love darkness rather than light, because their deeds are evil. - - - every one that does evil hates light, neither do they come to the light, lest his deeds should be rebuked.

 

Evil people live to do evil; this evil includes living to please oneself. They may do some good things, but they live to do evil. Good people live to do good. This includes living to please and serve others; they may, from time to time slip and do some evil things, but they live to do good and they come to the light, that their deeds may be revealed, that they are worked in God.

 

Ephesians 2:10 For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God has prepared before that we should walk in them.

 

Before we are born again, even our good works are evil, in that they were all done for our own pleasure. There was always some self-reward we had in mind; money, acceptance, fame, fear or whatever. But now we are born again of the Spirit of God, our good works are motivated by our love of God, and our desire to serve God, the One and only God whom we love. Therefore our good works are worked in God.

 

 

Verses 22 - 24

 

John 3:22 After these things came Jesus and his disciples into the land of Judea; and there he remained with them, and baptized. 23 John also was baptizing in Aenon near to Salim, because there was much water there: and they came, and were baptized. 24 For John had not yet been cast into prison.

 

Jesus Christ and his disciples returned into the land of Judea, where both he and John the Baptist continued to preach the gospel of the kingdom; baptising in water, with the baptism of repentance those who believed.

 

 

Verses 25 - 26

 

John 3:25 Then there arose a question between John's disciples and the Jews about purifying. 26 And they came unto John, and said to him, Rabbi, he that was with you beyond Jordan, to whom you bare witness, look and see, the same is baptizing, and everyone comes to him.

 

There is an obvious connection here between purifying and baptizing. Literary to baptize is to plunge into the water. Priests were expected to wash before serving in the temple. Both husband and wife were expected to wash after sexual union. The Jews often washed before entering into the temple. For this purpose of purifying by going through the waters of baptism, there were a large number of baptism pools within and close to the temple.

 

Here in verse 25 the Jews questioned, disputing with John’s disciples as to what right did they have to purify people of their sins, by baptizing them with water for the repentance of sins.


This was not the first time the Jews had question John concerning baptism. Earlier the Jews had sent Priests and Levites from Jerusalem to question John “Who are you?” Having established John was not the Christ or one of the prophets, they asked “Why then do you baptize?” (John 1:19 – 25)


After the Jews have gone their way, John’s disciples then go to John and say, “He that was with you beyond Jordan, to whom you bare witness, look and see, the same is baptizing, and everyone comes to him.” As if say, we know God has given you authority to baptize, but by what authority does this man baptize?

 

 

Verse 27

 

John 3:27 John answered and said, A man can receive nothing, except it be given him from the sky.

 

Satan rules over the kingdoms of the world and they are his to give (Mat 4:8), but God who dwells in the sky is above all and rules over all.

 

John 19:10 Then said Pilate unto him, Will you not speak unto me? Know you not that I have power to crucify you, and have power to release you? 11 Jesus answered, you would have no power at all against me, except it were given to you from above:

 

In plain speaking, John the Baptist is saying that Jesus Christ authority to baptize comes to from God above who dwells in the sky.

 

 

Verse 28

 

John 3:28 You yourselves witness that I said, I am not the Christ, but that I are sent before him.

 

Matthew 3:11 Truly, indeed baptize you in water unto repentance: but he that comes after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall baptize you in the Holy Spirit, and fire:

 

John the Baptist was not the Christ, but was sent by God before Christ. John baptized in water, but the Christ, who was to come after John would baptize in the Holy Spirit and fire.

 

 

Verses 29 - 30

 

John 3:29 He that has the bride is the bridegroom: but the friend of the bridegroom, who stands and hears him, rejoices greatly because of the bridegroom's voice: therefore my joy is fulfilled. 30 He must increase, but I must decrease.

 

The Church is the bride (2 Cor 11:2), and the bride, who was purchased for a price, belongs to the bridegroom (1 Cor 6:20) and Christ is the bridegroom (Mat 9:15). John the Baptist is the friend of the bridegroom, who stands by always ready to listen to and serve the bridegroom; for it is in serving the bridegroom his joy is fulfilled. He lives to bring the bride as a spotless bride to the bridegroom. He lives to become nothing in the eyes of bride, so that she will see the bridegroom as her all.


In this John mirrors the roll of the apostles, the prophets, the evangelist, the teachers and the pastors. For their calling is to stand by Jesus Christ the bridegroom, always ready to serve him, listen to and obey his commands. Their joy is fulfilled in caring for the Church, Christ bride, washing her garments with the water of the word that they may present her to the Christ, the bridegroom as a spotless bride (Eph 5:26-27). Apostles, prophets, evangelist, teachers and pastors should decrease, while the bride focuses more and more of her attention on the bridegroom Jesus Christ. Christ should be our focus, not church leaders.

 

 

Verse 31

 

John 3:31 He that comes from above is above all: he that is of the earth is of earth and speaks of the earth: he that comes from the sky is above all.

 

He that comes from above is above all:

 

Jesus Christ, the Word comes from the sky above, and is in authority above all.

 

He that is of earth is of earth and speaks of the earth.

 

Those on earth who are born of the flesh have bodies made of earth and they speak of earthly things.

 

He that comes from the sky is above all.

 

Jesus Christ comes from the sky and is in authority above all.

 

 

Verses 32 - 33

 

John 3:32 And what he has seen and heard, that he testify of and no man receives his witness. 33 He that has received his testimony has set his seal that God is true.

 

John 3:11 Truly, truly, I say unto you, we speak that which we do know, and testify that which we have seen; and you receive not our witness. 12 If I have told you earthly things, and you believe not, how shall you believe, if I tell you of things of the sky? 13 No man has ascended up to the sky, other than he who came down from the sky, the Son of man which is in the sky.

 

People of the earth speak and think of earthly things, therefore like Nicodemus they cannot comprehend the things of the sky. Even though Jesus Christ himself who had witness the things of the sky and had testify to Nicodemus of that which he had seen and heard, Nicodemus still did not understand.

 

Likewise, even though we have witness the things of the sky and we testify to them of that which we have seen and heard, unless those whom we witness to are touched by the Holy Spirit, no man can receive our witness. Therefore he that receives our witness sets his seal that God is true.

 

In ancient days one did not sign documents, one stamped them with their signet ring. Often the document would be rolled and sealed with a lump of hot wax, and then with their signet ring they would press into the hot wax stamping an impression into the seal.

 

 

Verse 34

 

John 3:34 For whom God has sent speaks the words of God: for God gives unto him the Spirit without measure.

 

God the Father sent God the Son into the world, and he whom God has sent speaks the words of God. Jesus said, I do nothing of myself; but as my Father has taught me, I speak these things (John 8:28). God the Son gave up his equality with God to become just like us in every way (Phil. 2:5-8). Then at his baptism, John the Baptist saw the Holy Spirit descend upon Jesus Christ as a dove and remain upon him (John 1:31-33). Then Jesus Christ full of the Holy Spirit was led by the Spirit into the wilderness, where he was tested forty days (Luke 4:1-2).

 

Paul writes;

 

I Corinthians 2:9 But as it is written, Eye has not seen, nor ear heard, neither has it entered into the heart of man, the things which God has prepared for them that love him. 10 But God has revealed them unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searches all things, yes, the deep things of God. 11 For what man knows the things of a man, save the spirit of man which is in him? Even so the things of God no man knows, but by the Spirit of God. 12 Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is of God; that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God. 13 Which things also we speak, not in the words which man's wisdom teaches, but which the Holy Spirit teaches; comparing spiritual things with spiritual. 14 But the natural man receives not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned. 15 But he that is spiritual judges all things, yet he himself is judged of no man. 16 For who has known the mind of the Lord, that he may instruct him? But we have the mind of Christ.

 

How does God reveal the deep things of God to us? By his Spirit, who came upon Jesus Christ in his fullness at his baptism (John 1:31-33), and who comes upon us in his fullness at our baptism (Act 2:38). Because Jesus Christ during his earthly ministry had the fullness of the Holy Spirit without measure, he had the mind of the Father and he spoke as the Father taught him. We have the fullness of the Spirit of Christ dwelling in us, welling up from within us, and flowing out of our belly as rivers of living waters (John 7:38). Because we have the Holy Spirit dwelling within us and at one with our spirit; we have the mind of Christ and know the deep things of God.

 

John 7:38 He that believes in me, as the scripture has said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water (Is 58:11).

 

How do you measure water; in a cup, a barrel or a bath? How do you measure a river of flowing water? It is beyond measure; so how do you measure not one, but rivers of flowing water? When we are filled with the Holy Spirit, he flows from out of our belly as rivers of living water. Therefore we like Christ are filled with the Holy Spirit beyond measure and sent by Christ into the world, as God the Father sent Jesus Christ into the world.

 

John 20:21 Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be unto you: as my Father has sent me, even so send I you. 22 And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and said unto them, Receive you the Holy Spirit.

 

 

Verses 35 - 36

 

John 3:35 The Father loves the Son, and has given all things into his hand. 36 He that believes on the Son has everlasting life: and he that believes not the Son shall not see life; but the wrath of God abides on him.

 

God the Father has given all things into the hand of the Son that includes all mankind. Because all mankind has sinned and fallen short of God’s glory, the law demands that we should all die for our sins, but Jesus Christ died on the cross to redeem mankind from the law of sin and death. Therefore all that believes on the Son has everlasting life: and he that believes not the Son shall not see life; but the wrath of God abides on him.

 


 

 

COMMENTARY on

 

THE GOSPEL OF JOHN Chapter 4.

 

 

Verses 1 – 2

 

John 4:1 Therefore, when the Lord knew that the Pharisees had heard that Jesus was making and baptizing more disciples than John, 2 (Though Jesus himself did not baptize, but his disciples,)

 

 We are not told how Jesus knew the Pharisees had heard that Jesus was making and baptizing more disciples than John. May be Jesus had a word of knowledge from God the Father, but then it is also very likely Jesus or one of his disciple heard from one of the crowd of Jews who were coming to both Jesus and John to be baptized.

 

In John 3:23 we are told that both Jesus and John were baptizing in the same area.

 

Then in John 3:25 we are told that the Jews were challenging John's disciples, by what authority was John baptizing.

 

 

Verses 3 - 4

 

John 4:3 He left Judea, and departed again into Galilee. 4 And it was necessary for him to go through Samaria.

 

Given that Jesus wanted to distance himself from the Jewish authorities in Jerusalem; the quickest route from Judea to Galilee was through Samaria, therefore it was necessary for him to go through Samaria. This was not the only time Jesus Christ during his three year earthly ministry used this route (Luke 9:52 & 17:11). It would seem that this was the route that Jesus normally used when travelling back and forth between Judea and Galilee.

 

Verse 5

 

John 4:5 Then he came to a city of Samaria, which is called Sychar, near to the field that Jacob gave to his son Joseph.

 

Sychar stood about eight miles southeast of the city called Samaria, and was formerly known as Shechem or Sichem (Gen 12:6 & 33:16). It was one of the cities allotted to the tribe of Ephraim (Joshua 21:21), and became a place of idol worship and was destroyed (Judges 9:45-46). It was latter rebuilt and became the residence of Jeroboam, the King of Israel (1 Kings 12:25). The Romans called it ‘Flavia Neopolis’ which was corrupted by the Arabs into ‘Nablus’, which it is still called to this day.

 

 

Verse 6alt

 

John 4:6 Now Jacob's well was there. Jesus therefore, being wearied with his journey, sat on the well: it was about the sixth hour.

 

This well is not mentioned in the Old Testament. It was possibly first called Jacob’s well because it was near the land given by Jacob to Joseph.

 


Verses 7 - 8

 

John 4:7 There came a woman of Samaria to draw water: Jesus said unto her, Give me to drink. (For his disciples had gone away unto the city to buy meat.)

 

Being wearied with his journey, he sat on or by the well: it was about the sixth hour. The six hour being 12 o’clock, mid-day, and was the time most Jews had their meal. So it was as Jesus sat on the well, while his disciples went into the city to buy food.

 

While he sat; there came a woman of Samaria. Doubtless, not meaning she was from the from the city of Samaria, which was eight miles away, but that she lived in the land of Samaria, and most probably came from the city of Sychar to the well.

 

Most of the woman from the city would have come for water together for safety, and in the cool of the early morning, or in the cool of the evening. But this woman comes for water alone and during the mid-day heat.

 

Was she trying to avoid other people because of her shame?

 

Did the other woman of the city not trust her?

 

Where they unfriendly to her?

 

No doubt as Jesus saw her walking towards him, he would have first ask these questions of himself and then he ask them of God the Father; for the Son does nothing unless he first sees the Father doing it (John 5:19 & 8:28). Then, being led by the Spirit of God, Jesus said to her, Give me water to drink.

 

 

Verse 9

 

John 4:9 Then said the woman of Samaria unto him, how is it that you, being a Jew, ask a drink of me, who is a woman of Samaria? For the Jews have no dealings with the Samaritans.

 

The Jews considered the Samaritans to be spiritually unclean; therefore normally the Jews would not eat or drink with Samaritans, nor would it considered proper for a Jewish man to enter into conversation with a Samaritan woman, for the Jews had no dealings of friendship towards the Samaritans. So she would not have been expecting this Jewish man to be treating her with any respect, a respect she was not even receiving from her own people.

 

 

Verse 10

 

John 4:10 Jesus answered and said unto her, If you knew the gift of God, and who it is that said to you, Give me to drink; you would have asked of him, and he would have given you living water.

 

Jesus Christ himself is the gift of God; For God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son (John 3:16).

 

Living water denotes from springs, fountains and running streams; water that brings life and never runs dry. (See notes on verse 13 – 14.)

 

 

Verses 11 – 12

 

John 4:11 The woman said unto him, Sir, you have nothing to draw with, and the well is deep: from where then have you that living water? 12 Are you greater than our father Jacob, who gave us the well, and drank from it himself, and his children, and his cattle?

 

It would seem that if one wanted to draw water from this well, one would have to bring his own bucket and cord. Also the well was about 30 meters deep. So the woman asks in a mocking manner; from where then have you that living water? Are you greater than our father Jacob?

 

 

Verses 13 – 14

 

John 4:13 Jesus answered and said unto her, Whosoever drinks of this water shall thirst again: 14 But whosoever drinks of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life. 15 The woman said unto him, 
Sir, give me this water that I thirst not, neither need I come here to draw.

 

In verse 10 Jesus tells the woman, if she had asked him for water he would have given her living water, denoting water that would always keep flowing and never run dry. But even in the natural when you drink living water from the well that never runs dry, as this woman well knew, you thirst again and again forcing you to walk back to the well day after day, all the days of your life to fetch water.

 

Now Jesus offers her water, that if you drink of it, you will never thirst again, but shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life, this Jesus spake of the Holy Spirit.

 

John 7:38 He that believes in me, as the scripture has said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water. 39 (Jesus spoke this of the Spirit, which they that believe on him should receive: for the Holy Spirit had not yet been given; because Jesus was not yet glorified.)

 

The woman still thinking in the natural, mockingly address Jesus as Sir, as if she were address someone high and mighty, Sir, give me this water that I thirst not, neither need I come here to draw.

 

 

Verses 16 – 18

 

John 4:16 Jesus said unto her, Go, call your husband, and come here. 17 The woman answered and said; I have no husband. Jesus said unto her, you have honestly said, I have no husband: 18 for you have had five husbands; and he whom you now have is not your husband: in that you speak the truth.

 

As Jesus continues to be led by the Holy Spirit, he tells her to, Go, call your husband, and come here. Maybe Jesus had already received a word of knowledge from the Holy Spirit telling him of her five husbands.

 

Then maybe, as God prefers to call whole families into the kingdom, and Jesus recognizing the husband’s role as head of the household, he ask the woman to call her husband so that they both can receive this living water and be born again into the kingdom of God by the Spirit of God. Either way by time the woman says I have no husband, Jesus has received the word of knowledge and says unto her, you have honestly said, I have no husband: for you have had five husbands; and he whom you now have is not your husband: in that you speak the truth.

 

 

Verse 19

 

John 4:19 The woman said unto him, Sir, I perceive that you are a prophet.

 

Up to this point the woman had been mocking Jesus Christ. To her Jesus was just some nut case, asking her for water to meet his needs, then telling her how he could not only supply her with an endless supply of living water, but water when you drank it, you would never thirst again. But now with one word of knowledge from the Holy Spirit, Jesus cut through to the dividing of the Spirit and Soul, and all of a sudden her eyes were open. No longer did she see a nut case sitting at the well, now she saw a prophet, a man of God.

 

Hebrews 4:12 For the word of God is alive and powerful, and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.

 

Verses 20 - 24

 

John 4:20 Our fathers worshipped on this mountain; and you say, that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship. 21 Jesus said unto her, Woman believe me, the hour is come, when you shall neither on this mountain, nor at Jerusalem, worship the Father. 22 You know not what you worship; we know what we worship, for salvation is of the Jews. 23 But the hour is come, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeks such to worship him. 24 God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship in spirit and in truth.

 

Jesus said to the woman, hour is come, and is now when;

 

1: True worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth (Verse 23).

 

Since the day of Pentecost, all those who have believed and received Jesus Christ as their Lord and Deliverer; who have repented and are baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the deliverance of sins and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit (Acts 2:38). Therefore now, true worshippers worship the Father in spirit and in truth.

 

2: You will neither worship the Father on either of these mountains (Verse 21).

 

Mount Gerizim was not far from Sychar, and upon this mountain the Samaritan patriarchs had built a temple, similar to the temple in Jerusalem. 

 

Ever since the Samaritans had built this temple it was one of the main controversies between the Jews and the Samaritans. The Jews said we must worship God upon Mount Zion, while the Samaritans said we must worship God upon Mount Gerizim.

 

Although for a time, after the Day of Pentecost, the early Church still meet to worship God upon Mount Zion, with the destruction of the temple in 70 AD the worship of God upon Mount Zion by true believers ceased.

 

Some may say, but did not Jesus say

 

John 4:23 But the hour is come, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeks such to worship him.

 

How can Jesus say, the hour is come, and now is, when the day of Pentecost was still three years away, and the destruction of the temple still about 40 years away?

Jesus Christ also said;

 

Mark 11:23 For truly I say unto you, That whosoever shall say unto this mountain, Be you removed, and be you cast into the sea; and shall not doubt in his heart, but shall believe that those things which he says shall come to pass; he shall have whatsoever he says.

 

As true worshipers baptized in name Christ we have received the gift of the Holy Spirit (Act 2:38), therefore we have the mind of Christ (1 Cor. 2:16), and because we have the mind of Christ, we like Christ hear and speak the words of God the Father (John 12:49 – 50); and because they are the words of our Father they come to pass.

 

Other examples of this are;

 

1: When Jesus spake to the 10 lepers, telling them to go show themselves to the priests, even though they had not yet been healed (Luke 17:12 – 14).

 

2: When Jesus spake to the fig tree, “Let no man eat of you from this day ever.” The next day the tree was dead (Mark 11:13 – 14 & 20 – 21).

 

Also, when Jesus spake to the woman of Samaria, he was speaking what was already prophesied in the Scriptures.

 

Malachi 1:11 For from the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same my name shall be great among the nations; and in every place incense shall be offered unto my name, and a pure offering: for my name shall be great among the nations, says the LORD of hosts.

 

From the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same, do not mean God will only be worshipped during the day light hours, but rather in means God will be worshiped among all the nations of the earth, where ever the sun rises and goes down.


In every place incense shall be offered unto my name. All around the world the offering of incense was the most common form of public worship. So Jesus like Malachi is prophesying a coming time when true worshipers would worship God the Father in Spirit and in truth throughout the world from the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same.

 

John 4:22 You know not what you worship; we know what we worship, for salvation is of the Jews.

 

In their ignorance the Samaritans knew not what they worshiped, but the Jews (those who were waiting for the coming of the Messiah) knew what they worshipped for salvation was coming to them through the Messiah, God the Son.

 

Jesus Christ said: you neither know me, nor my Father: if you had known me, you should have known my Father also (John 8:19). Only those who come to God the Father through Jesus Christ can know the Father.

 

 

Verses 25 – 26

 

John 4:25 The woman said unto him, I know that Messiah is coming, (which is called Christ): when he has come, he will tell us all things. 26 Jesus said unto her, I that speak unto you am he.

 

The Samaritans acknowledged the writings of Moses, and were therefore also expecting the coming of the Messiah. It is unlikely that the woman gave the following translation (which is called the Christ), but this most likely was added in by John when writing the “Good News” in the Greek language.

 

In verse 26, Jesus acknowledges that he is the Christ.

 

 

Verse 27

 

John 4:27 And upon this came his disciples, and marvelled that he talked with the woman: yet no man said what do you seek? Or why do you talk with her?

 

As I mentioned when commenting on verse 9; ‘The Jews considered the Samaritans to be spiritually unclean;’ therefore it was not considered proper for a Jewish man to enter into conversation with a Samaritan woman. Therefore just as the woman would not have been expecting this Jewish man to be talking to her with any respect, neither would have Jesus’ disciples have expected to find Jesus alone with and speaking to a Samaritan woman.

 

 

Verses 28 – 30

 

John 4:28 The woman then left her water pot, and went her way into the city, and said to the men, 29 Come, see a man, which told me all things that I ever did: is not this the Christ? 30 Then they went out of the city, and came unto him.


When the woman came to the well, because of her shame, she came alone in heat of the noon day sun. But now she had met the Christ, the source of the waters of life. With joy and excitement she forgot her shame; and she forgot the natural water she had come for. Now she was off to tell her friends, and bring them to Christ; so they too could partake of the waters of life, and they came out from the city to meet with him.

 

 

Verses 31 – 34

 

John 4:31 In the meantime his disciples spoke to him, saying, Master, eat. 32 But he said unto them, I have meat to eat that you know not of. 33 Therefore his disciples said one to another, has any man brought him anything to eat? 34 Jesus said unto them, my meat is to do the will of him that sent me, and to finish his work.

 

While the woman was off in the city to sharing her news about Jesus Christ, the disciples brought to Jesus the food they had purchased in the city, and they asked him to eat. But Jesus said I have meat to eat that you know not of.

 

The Samaritan woman had come for natural water, and Jesus gave her of the spiritual waters of life. The disciples brought Jesus natural food, but in the mean time Jesus had partaken of spiritual food. Jesus said unto them, my meat is to do the will of him that sent me, and to finish his work. When we do the will of God our Father and are faithful to complete his work, we partake of spiritual food that builds up and strengthens our spiritual body.

 

 

Verse 35

 

John 4:35 Do you not say, there are yet four months, and then comes the harvest? Look and see, I say unto you, lift up your eyes, and look on the fields; for they are already white unto harvest.

 

It seems that there was a common saying there are yet four months, and then comes the harvest? And that this saying was often used to put off doing things, or to put off finishing a work one had already started. Jesus said unto them, my meat is to do the will of him that sent me, and to finish his work. Many start the good work in God’s field, but soon become weary; others are called to gather the harvest, but they put off doing the task until it is too late. If we want to receive our reward, we must complete the work of God who sent us.

 

 

Verses 36 – 38

 

John 4:36 And he that reaps receives wages, and gathers fruit unto life eternal: that both he that sows and he that reaps may rejoice together. 37 And herein is that saying true, one sows, and another reaps. 38 I sent you to reap that where you laboured not; other men laboured, and you are entered into their labours.

 

In the natural both he that sows and he that reaps receive their reward. So it is in the spiritual, both he who sows the good news of the kingdom into people’s lives, and he who gathers souls into the kingdom enjoy the eternal rewards. When Jesus and his disciples shared the gospel to the woman of Samaria and the people of Sychar, they were already ripe unto harvest, because someone else (most probably John and his disciples) had already sown the seed of gospel to them. Therefore they were expecting the Christ, and were ready to receive him into their lives. Herein is that saying true, one sows and another reaps.

 

 

Verses 39 – 42

 

John 4:39 And many of the Samaritans of that city believed on him through the saying of the woman, which testified, he told me all that I ever did. 40 So when the Samaritans came unto him, they asked of him that he would remain with them: and he stayed there two days. 41 And many more believed because of his word; 42 and they said unto the woman, no longer do we believe because of your sayings for we have heard him ourselves, and know that this is indeed the Christ, the Deliverer of the world.

 

On the testimony of the woman many believed Jesus was the Christ and they asked him to remain in Sychar. So Jesus remained there two days preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and because of the word he preached many more believed he was the Christ. And they testified, saying to the woman no longer do we believe because of your sayings for we have heard him ourselves, and know that this is indeed the Christ, the Deliverer of the world.

 

 

Verses 43 – 45

 

John 4:43 Then after two days he departed from there, and went into Galilee. 44 For Jesus him-self testified that a prophet has no honour in his own country. 45 Therefore when he came into Galilee, the Galileans received him, having seen all the things that he did at Jerusalem at the feast: for they also went unto the feast.

 

Soon after Jesus Christ began his earthly ministry Jesus went to his home town of Nazareth were after preaching in the synagogue, the Jews tried to kill him. After which Jesus said No prophet is accepted in his own country (Luke 4:24). So when Jesus departed from the city of Samaria and went into Galilee, instead of going back to his home town, where he was not accepted, he went into Cana of Galilee where he knew he would be better received. Many from there had also travelled to Jerusalem for the feast, and they also had seen the things he had done there. Although there are exceptions to the rule, it is not unusual for prophets not to be accepted in their home town or city.

 

 

Verses 46 – 47

 

John 4:46 So Jesus came again into Cana of Galilee, where he made the water wine. And there was a certain nobleman, whose son was sick at Capernaum. 47 When he heard that Jesus had come out of Judea into Galilee, he went to him, and asked of him that he would come down, and heal his son: for he was at the point of death. 48 Then Jesus said to him, except you see signs and wonders, you will not believe.

 

So it was that Jesus came again in Cana of Galilee, where he made the water wine. There he was meet by a nobleman, who was possibly connected by birth to Herod Antipas, or one of his court officials. It also seems that his usual place of residents was in Capernaum, about a day’s travel from Cana. When the nobleman heard that Jesus had come into Galilee, he went to him, and asked him to come to Capernaum to heal his son: for he was at the point of death.

 

 

Verse 48

 

John 4:48 Then Jesus said to him, except you see signs and wonders, you will not believe.

 

Jesus did not speak these words so much at the nobleman; for he believed and had travelled a day’s journey, just to ask Jesus to heal his son. Jesus spoke these words at the Galileans; for the Samaritans had readily received and believed that Jesus was the Christ, even though he had performed no miracles in their mist. But the Galileans, even though Jesus had performed many miracles in their mist, most were still slow to receive and believe that he was the Christ.

 

 

Verses 49 – 50

 

John 4:49 The nobleman said unto him, Sir, come down before my child dies. 50 Jesus said unto him, Go your way; your son lives. And the man believed the word that Jesus had spoken unto him, and he went his way.

 

It seems although the nobleman believed Jesus could heal his son, he was also of the opinion that in order to heal his son; Jesus would have to come to his son and laid hands on him. He had not yet come to that understanding that all Jesus had to do, was just say the word and his son would be healed (Matthew 8:8). But then Jesus Christ said the word; Go your way, your son lives. And the man believed the word that Jesus had spoken unto him, and he went his way.

 

 

Verses 51 – 53

 

John 4:51 And as he was now going down, his servants met him, and told him, saying, your son lives. 52 Then he enquired of them the hour when he began to recover, they said unto him, yesterday at the seventh hour the fever left him. 53 So the father knew that it was at the same hour, in which Jesus said unto him, your son lives: and he believed, and his whole house.

 

It would appear the son recovery was very quick. Given how sick he was just moments earlier, in the natural the healing was totally unexpected and unexplainable. It was a miracle; there was no other way to explain the sudden recovery of the son. Wanting to comfort the nobleman’s mind and soul, servants were sent to tell him your son lives. The father asked them what time did he begin to recover, and when they told him, he realized it was the very same hour he first believed that his son began to recover.


The son’s recovery began yesterday at the seven hour, that is 1 pm our time. As it was a day’s travel from Cana to Capernaum, and both the nobleman and the servants would need to prepare before they left. Thus it would be unlikely anyone travelled more than 4 to 5 hours on the afternoon the son was healed before they bedded down for the night, therefore meeting around noon the day following the miracle.

 

 

Verse 54

 

John 4:54 This was the second miracle that Jesus did, having come out of Judea into Galilee.

 

John 2:23 Now when he was in Jerusalem at the Passover, in the feast day, many believed in his name, when they saw the miracles which he did.

 

The first miracle Jesus ever performed was the turning of the water into wine (John 2:11). After this Jesus went to Jerusalem at the Passover where he performed many miracles. Later Jesus returns to Galilee, where at the word of Jesus Christ the nobleman’s son is healed; and John calls this the second miracle.

 

It would seem most likely that this was the second miracle Jesus Christ performed in Galilee. Others would say this was the second of only four miracles that John gives us any detail on. Personally I am inclined to say this was the second miracle Jesus Christ performed in Galilee.

 


 

 

COMMENTARY on

 

THE GOSPEL OF JOHN Chapter 5.

 

Verse 1

 

John 5:1 After this there was a feast of the Jews; and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.

 

In John 2:13 we are told that Jesus went up to Jerusalem for the feast of Passover, after this feast we find Jesus and his disciples (possibly for a week or two) remained in Judea to preach the gospel of the kingdom and baptize in water for repentance those who believed (John 3:22). Then they travelled the Galilee, spending two days in Sychar on their way through Samaria, arriving in Cana, possibly about four weeks after Passover, allowing Jesus and his disciples to spend at least two weeks in Galilee before heading back to Jerusalem for the feast of Pentecost, which was 50 days after Passover.

 

 

Verses 2 – 4

 

John 5:2 Now there is in Jerusalem by the sheep gate a pool, which is called in the Hebrew tongue Bethesda, having five porches. In these lay a great multitude of sick people, the blind, the lame, and the withered, waiting for the moving of the water. For at a certain season an angel descended into the pool, and troubled the water: then after the troubling of the water whosoever stepped in first was made whole of whatsoever disease he had.

 

Some translations render verse 2 as by the sheep markets, but there are no other writings that make mention of any such sheep market. On the other hand in the book of Nehemiah the sheep gate is mention three times Neh. 3:1, 3:32 & 12:39. Also, it is doubtless that there was such a gate near the temple, for the purpose of bringing in the sheep for sacrifice.

 

Near there was a pool called Bethesda, meaning house of kindness or mercy, for at this pool God at often times showed kindness and mercy towards the sick and lame. It had around it five porches, areas covered by a roof, were people could lie down and be sheltered from the rain and the sun.

 

At a certain season an angel descended into the pool, and troubled the water: then after the troubling of the water whosoever stepped in first was made whole of whatsoever disease he had. The angel descended at a certain season. Meaning the sick and the lame had some idea when the angel would descend. Therefore they would not have to remain there 24 hours a day 7 days a week waiting for their healing, but only needed to be there around the times the angel was expected.

 

Many may be thinking; if God is so loving and merciful, why would he only heal the first to enter the water after the angel had troubled the water? Why did not God heal all the lame and the sick?

 

Why? Because God loves the Jews, therefore he only wants what is best for them. God never promised his children a pool that they could come to for healing. He never promised, I am the God who will at certain seasons, send an angel to trouble the waters, then any who are sick and or lame that enter the water will be healed.

 

No! God did not provide such a pool, for if he did most of the sick and the lame would look to the pool for healing and not to God. Yes they may have been healed, but their lives would not have been transformed, and many would very likely become sick again, and many would end up worse off.

 

Because God loved the Jews he did not just want to see them all healed, he wanted to see them all made whole. When one was healed at the pool, they should have all remembered that God was their Lord God and healer, then repented of their wicked ways and God would have healed them all and kept them in good health.

 

For God’s word says;

 

Exodus 15:26 And said, If you will diligently listen to and obey the voice of the LORD your God, and will do that which is right in his sight, and will give ear to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, I will put none of these diseases upon you, which I have brought upon the Egyptians: for I am the LORD that heals you.

 

 

Verses 5 - 6

 

John 5:5 And a certain man was there, which had an infirmity thirty and eight years. When Jesus saw him lying there, and knew that he already had been infirmed for a long time, said unto him, do you want to be made whole?

 

Jesus Christ, seeing this man lying there, and either because Jesus had seen him lying there many times before, or by word of knowledge, already knowing he had been infirmed for a long time, said unto him, do you want to be made whole? The truth is many long term sick people get so use to being cared for and not having to work or worry about anything, that they become happy with things as they are, and the last thing they want is to be healed. So Jesus asks him; Do you want to be made whole?

 

 

Verses 7 - 9

 

John 5:7 The infirmed man answered him, Sir, when the water is troubled I have no man to put me into the pool: and while I am coming, another steps down before me. Jesus said unto him, Rise, take up your bed and walk, and immediately the man was made whole, and took up his bed, and walked: and on that same day was the Sabbath.

 

Where is this man’s faith? He is not looking to God for healing. He is not looking to Jesus for healing. He is looking to the pool for healing but God’s kindness and mercy reaches out to the man through Jesus Christ, and Jesus said unto him, Rise, take up your bed and walk, and the power of God flowed through Jesus and immediately the man was made whole, and took up his bed, and walked.

 

Under the Law it was a sin to carry burdens on the Sabbath Jer. 17:21; Neh. 13:15; Ex 20:8-10. But the Jewish leaders interpreted Law so harshly that the Law itself became a burden that they expected the people carry on the Sabbath. 

 
However Jesus Christ who has come to restore all justice, as Lord of the Sabbath commands the man, who is now healed, take up your bed and walk. Jesus Christ was restoring the Sabbath day to its proper observance by permitting on the Sabbath day works that were necessary and merciful. Mat. 12:6-11; Luke 6:9; 13:14; & 14:5.

 

 

Verses 10 - 13

 

John 5:10 The Jews therefore said unto him that was cured, it is the Sabbath day: it is not lawful for you to carry your bed. 11 He answered them, He that made me whole, the same said unto me, Take up your bed, and walk. 12 Then they asked him, What man is that which said unto you, Take up your bed, and walk? 13 And he that was healed did not know who it was: for being a crowd in that place, Jesus had withdrawn himself away. 

 

However the Jews who were bound by the laws of man, choosing to ignore the miracle and the goodness of God in healing this man; they chose instead to judge the man for breaking their laws. Then when the man said, He that made me whole, the same said unto me, Take up your bed, and walk, they wanted to know who this man was, that they may judge him also. But he who had been healed did not know who it was, for Jesus had withdrawn into the crowd.

 

 

Verse 14

 

John 5:14 Afterward Jesus finding him in the temple, and said unto him, Look and see, you have been made whole: sin no more, lest a worse thing come unto you.

 

Sickness is often caused by demonic activity (Acts 10:28), by demons that need to be bound and cast out of and away from the sick person. But if we keep on sinning, it is most likely those demons will return bringing more with them (Luke 11:18 – 26).

 

 

Verses 15 - 16

 

John 5:15 The man departed, and told the Jews that it was Jesus, who had made him whole. 16 Therefore the Jews persecuted Jesus, and sought to slay him, because he had done these things on the Sabbath day.

 

The Jews had asked the man who had been, What man is that which said unto you, Take up your bed, and walk? He told them, that it was Jesus who had made him whole.Therefore the Jews persecuted Jesus, and sought to slay him, not just because he had told the heal man to carry his mate on the Sabbath day, but also because he had healed the man on the Sabbath day.

 

 

Verses 17 - 18

 

John 5:17 But Jesus answered them, My Father has never stopped working, and I work. 18 Therefore the Jews sought the more to kill him, because he not only had broken the Sabbath, but said also that God was his Father, making himself equal with God.

 

God created all things in six days and on the seven day he rested from his work of creation. But he never ceased from governing his creation, watching over it and carrying forward his plans. Even on the Sabbath, God never ceased from doing good works.

 

Jesus said, My Father has never stopped working, and I work. Just as God the Father never ceases from doing good works on the Sabbath, so the Son (who has set us an example that we should follow [John 13:15]) never ceases from doing good works, even on the Sabbath.

 

Then the Jews sought the more to kill him, because he not only had broken the Sabbath, but said also that God was his Father, making himself equal with God.

 

 

Verses 19 – 21

 

John 5:19 Then Jesus answered saying unto them, Truly, truly, I say unto you, The Son can do nothing of himself, but what he see the Father do: for what things so ever he does, these also does the Son likewise. 20 For the Father loves the Son, and shows him all things that himself does: and he will show him greater works than these, that you may marvel. 21 For as the Father rises up the dead, and quickened them; even so the Son quickened whom he will.

 

After Jews Jesus accused of making himself equal with God, Jesus far from denying it, claims that truly whatever God the Father does, he the Son of God does likewise; for the Father who loves the Son, shows him all the things that he does, so the Son can do likewise; and the Father will show the Son even greater works, than those you have already seen the Son do, that you may marvel at the works of God done through the Son. For just as the Father raises up the dead and gives life to their body, even so the Son will rise up the dead and quicken their mortal body.

 

The Jews did not doubt God’s ability to rise up the dead and quicken their mortal body. Elijah the prophet had raised to life the widow of Sarepta son (1 Kings 17:22) and Elisha had raised to life the son of the Shunamite. Now Jesus was claiming he would do the same, and they the Jews would marvel at this. And during his earthly ministry Jesus Christ did raise the dead and quicken their mortal body. Jesus rose up his friend Lazarus (John 11:43-44); and he also rose up the widows son at Nain (Luke 7:14-15).

 

 

Verses 22 – 23

 

John 5:22 For the Father judges no man, but has committed all judgment unto the Son: 23 That all men should honour the Son, even as they honour the Father. He that honours not the Son honours not the Father which has sent him.

 

In verses 19 to 21, Jesus Christ is declaring his equality with God. Like God, he the Son can perform miracles and raise the dead and bring life back into their body. Then in verse 22 Jesus is looking ahead to the day the dead shall be raised from Sheol (the world of the dead), their body quickened and brought back to life from the grave (John 6:40), and all shall face the judgement of God. Some to everlasting life, some to shame and everlasting contempt (Daniel 12:2).

 
This judgement, God the Father has committed to Jesus Christ the Son of God; so that all men should honour the Son, even as they honour the Father. All who reject the Son also reject the Father who sent him (Luke 10:16 & 1 John 2:23).

 

 

Verse 24

 

John 5:24 Truly, truly, I say unto you, He that hears my word, and believes on him that sent me, has everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life.

 
Acts 3:22 For Moses truly said unto the fathers, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me; You shall listen to him in all things in whatsoever he shall say unto you (Due. 18:15-19).

 

He that hears my word, and believes on him that sent me, has everlasting life,

 

John 10:27 My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me: 28 And I give unto them eternal life;

 

To hear the words of Jesus Christ is listen to, understand and obey the words of Jesus. To him who hears the voice of Jesus Christ, the Son of God gives eternal, everlasting life.

 

James 2:19 You believe that there is one God; you do well: the devils also believe, and tremble.

 

It is not enough to believe God is real; it is not enough to hear the words of Jesus Christ, the Word of God. If we are to avoid condemnation and have everlasting life, we must listen to the words of Jesus Christ and honour and obey Christ, the Word of God.

 

Romans 6:23 For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

 

And shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life.

 

When one hears the words of Jesus Christ, and believes on him that sent him, he has everlasting life. Because when we are baptized into Christ, we are baptized into the death of him who died for our sins; thus setting us free from the law of sin and death. Then, when we are raised from the waters, we are raised to everlasting life in Christ Jesus.

 

John 3:16 For God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believes in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. 17 For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved. 18 He that believes in him is not condemned: but he that believes not is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.


Romans 8:1 Therefore there is now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has made me free from the law of sin and death.

 

 

Verse 25

 

John 5:25 Truly, truly, I say unto you, The hour is coming, and now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God: and they that hear shall live.

 

The hour is coming, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God. This is talking of the coming resurrection at the End of Days. The hour now is, when those who are spiritually dead in their sin, shall hear the voice of the Son of God: and they that hear (listen to, understand and obey) shall be born again by the Spirit of God and live forever more.

 

 

Verse 26

 

John 5:26 For as the Father has life in himself; so has he given to the Son to have life in himself;

 

God has life in himself. God does not and did not ever receive life from any other being. All other living beings received life, and continue to receive life from God. In the beginning, in this as in all things, God the Father and God the Son were equal. But in order to become just like us (mankind), the Son give up his equality with God (Philippians 2:5-11), thus becoming dependant on God the Father for life. However at his baptism God the Father, through the Holy Spirit restored to God the Son, both the ability to give life and take it away.

 
Life comes to all mankind by God breathing his Spirit upon them. When God created Adam, God breathed life into Adam by breathing spirit into Adam. The spirit gives life, the soul has life. If God were to withdraw his breath (the Spirit of God), all mankind would die (Genesis 2:7 & Job 34:14-18). This ability to give life and take life away, both mortal life and spiritual life, God the Father has given to God the Son (John 11:43-44; 20:21-22 & John 10:15-18).

 

 

Verse 27

 

John 5:27 And has also given him authority to execute judgment, because he is the Son of man.

 

In the beginning God gave mankind dominion over all the fish of the sea, over all the birds of the sky, and over every living thing that moves (Genesis 1:26-28), but in rebelling against God’s authority and submitting to Satan’s word, Adam handed over this dominion to Satan. Thus it was that Satan could tempt Jesus Christ by offering him dominion and power over all the kingdoms of this world, if he would bow down and worship him (Luke 4:5-7).

 

At his baptism Jesus Christ the Son of man was anointed with the Holy Spirit and power, and from that day he went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed under the power of the devil (Acts 10:38).


God defeated Satan through Jesus Christ submission to God’s will. When we submit to Satan’s will, as Adam did, we come under Satan’s power and authority. When we submit to God’s will, as Jesus Christ did, we, by the power of Jesus Christ defeat Satan and bring him under the power and authority of Christ within us.

 

Dominion and power over the earth, the sea and the sky was given to Adam, he gave it to Satan, and then at the cross Jesus the Son of Man took back that which is rightfully men's.

 

In speaking of his coming crucifixion Jesus Christ said;

 

John 12:31 Now is the judgment of this world: now shall the prince of this world be cast out. 32 And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all judgement unto me. 33 This he said, signifying what death he should die.

 

In original text reads if I be lifted up from the earth, I will draw all unto me.To which most English versions add the word men, altering the text to if I be lifted up from the earth, I will draw all men unto me. But given the passage is about judgment, if a word is to be entered into the text to give us a better understanding of what was and is the intent of both God and John; that word should be judgement. Rendering the text as if I be lifted up from the earth, I will draw all judgment unto me. (John 3:14 – 19 & Romans 8:1 – 4)

 

At the cross, when the world was judged and condemned, Jesus Christ died in our place for our sins. Therefore our sins have already been judged and Christ paid the penalty for our sin, past, present and future. Therefore there is no longer any condemnation for them, who are in Christ Jesus, for we have been justified through the precious blood of Jesus Christ, pour out upon the cross for our sins.

 

So what is the judgement for at the resurrection of the dead?

 

It is twofold:

 

1: It is a separation of those who believe and have received justification through the blood of Jesus Christ as their Lord and Deliverer, from those who don’t believe and / or have rejected justification through the blood of Jesus Christ. Those who believe will be raised from the grave to receive eternal life, while those who do not believe shall receive eternal condemnation.

 

John 3:16 For God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believes in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. 17 For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved. 18 He that believes in him is not condemned: but he that believes not is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.

 

He that believes not is condemned already. One cannot be condemned already unless he has already been judged. When and where were the non-believers judged and condemned? At the cross of Calvary when Jesus Christ drew all judgement upon himself.

 

God has given Jesus Christ the authority to execute judgment, because he is the Son of man (John 5:27), and because he is submitted himself to the will of God the Father. When Jesus Christ comes again he will execute judgement on all, all on earth, all in the sea, all in the sky and all beneath the earth.

 

Acts 17:30 And the times of this ignorance God overlooked; but now commands all men everywhere to repent (turn from sin to living justly): 31 Because he has appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world in justification by the man (Jesus Christ) whom he has ordained; and of this he has given proof unto all men, in that he has raised him from the dead. (Words in italics added.)

 

2: Those who believe and are justified through Jesus Christ will be judged and rewarded according to their works.

 

1 Corinthians 3:13 Every man's work shall be made known: for the day shall declare it, because it shall be revealed by fire; and the fire shall try every man's work of what sort it is. 14 If any man's work abide which he has built thereupon, he shall receive a reward. 15 If any man's work shall be burned, he shall suffer loss: but he him-self shall be saved; yet so as by fire.

 

 

Verses 28 - 29

 

John 5:28 Marvel not at this: for the hour is coming, in which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice, 29 and shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation.

 

Marvel not! It should not come as any surprise to us who are in Christ, that the hour is coming, in which all that are in the graves shall hear the voice of Jesus Christ and come forth from the graves. We believe Jesus Christ died and rose again. Likewise, we to who die before the Lords coming will rise again. And that is not all; to guarantee this, God has sealed us with the Holy Spirit of promise.

Paul writes;

 

1 Thessalonians 4:13 But I do not want you to be ignorant, brethren, concerning those who have fallen asleep, lest you sorrow as others who have no hope. 14 For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again; in like manner God will bring with Him those who sleep in Jesus.

 

Ephesians 1:11 In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestined according to the purpose of Him who works all things after the counsel of His own will: 12 that we should be to the praise of his glory, who first trusted in Christ. 13 In whom you also trusted, after you heard the word of truth, the good news of your salvation: in whom also after you believed, you were sealed with that Holy Spirit of promise, 14 which is the guarantee of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory.

 

So the resurrection is coming, but only those who are in Christ are guaranteed the resurrection to eternal life, while all others will be resurrected, then cast into eternal damnation.

 


Verse 30

 

John 5:30 I can of mine own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge: and my judgment is just; because I seek not mine own will, but the will of the Father which has sent me.

 

Jesus Christ of himself does nothing (John 5:19), as he hears from his Father so he judges (John 8:26), the Father shows the Son all things that he does, and the Son does likewise (John 5:20), the Son does not live according to his own will, but according to the Father’s will (Luke 22:42).

 

 

Verses 31 - 33

 

John 5:31 If I bear witness of myself, my witness will not be accepted. 32 There is another that bears witness of me; and I know that the witness which he testifies of me is true. 33 You sent unto John, and he bore witness unto the truth.

 

John 5:6 There was a man sent from God, whose name was John. He came as a witness, to bear witness of the Light that all men through him might believe. He was not that Light, but was sent to bear witness of that Light.

 

In a court of law, when one bears witness of one self, it is not established as truth. However, if another bear witness, then the truth is established as truth. It was not Jesus, who first bore witness of himself, but John whom God sent to bear witness that Jesus was both the Light (John 5:6 – 8) and the Lamb of God which takes away the sin of the world (John 1:29).

 

 

Verse 34

 

John 5:34 But I receive not testimony from man: but these things I say, that you might be delivered form sin.

 

Paraphrased: But I depend not on the testimony from man, but I remind you of John’s testimony of me, that you might be saved.

 

 

Verse 35

 

John 5:35 He was a burning and a shining lamp: and you were willing for a season to rejoice in his light.

 

John 5:46 I am come a light into the world, that whosoever believes in me should not abide in darkness.

 

John is described as a lamp/a portable light; which is useful for lighting a roam, or lighting one’s path so he can see one step ahead. While Jesus Christ is described as a light that gives light that whosoever believes in him should not abide in darkness.The light that came to men through John was limited; the light that came to men through Jesus Christ is limitless.

 

Great multitudes, who recognized John as a prophet came to him, and they were willing for a season to rejoice in his light, for he prophesied the coming of the Lord (John 1:23), who was the true Light, which enlightens every man (John 1:9).

 

 

Verses 36 – 37a

 

John 5:36 But I have greater witness than that of John: for the works which the Father has given me to finish, the same works that I do, bear witness of me, that the Father has sent me. 37 And the Father himself, which has sent me, has borne witness of me.

 

1: John bore witness that Jesus was the Light (John 1:8), and that Jesus was the Christ (John 1:15, 29 & 36).

 

2: The works which the Father gave Jesus, to finish, the same works that Jesus did, bore witness of Jesus, that the Father has sent him (John 5:36).

 

3: God the Father bore witness of Jesus Christ, by declaring Jesus to be His Son (Luke 3:22 & John 1:18).

 

 

Verses 37b – 38

 

John 5:37b You have neither heard his voice at any time, nor seen his shape. 38 Neither do you have his word abiding in you: for whom he has sent; him you do not believe.

 

John 8:47 He that is of God hears God's words: therefore because you do not hear them, you are not of God.

 

If we will only but believe and receive Jesus Christ has the only begotten Son of God, we shall hear the voice of God. Not only that, we shall be born again into the kingdom of God and we shall see the kingdom of God (John 1:12 – 13 & John 3:3 – 9).

 

Often I will hear from God a word of knowledge for someone. In faith I believe it is from God, I speak it out, and the hearer knows beyond a shadow of doubt it is the word of God. It may not be an audible voice that others can hear, but there is no doubt in both of our mines, that we have heard the voice of God. Likewise, we who have been born again into the kingdom of God can see God and the goodness of his kingdom all around us. But those who are not of God cannot hear the words of God nor can they see God or his kingdom.

 

John 14:8 Philip said unto him, Lord, show us the Father, and it will be sufficient for us. Jesus said unto him, have I been so long time with you, and yet you have not known me, Philip? He that has seen me has seen the Father; and how come you say then, show us the Father?

 


Verses 39 – 40

 

John 5:39 Search the Scriptures; for in them you think you have eternal life: and these are they which testify of me. 40 Yet you will not come to me, that you might have life.

 

The Jews in the time of Jesus searched the Scriptures diligently for in them they thought they had eternal life. Now there is nothing wrong with diligently searching the Scriptures. Paul commends the Bereans for doing so, for through their knowledge and belief in the Scriptures the Bereans accepted Jesus Christ as their Lord and Deliverer (Acts 17:11). Also, Timothy through his knowledge of the Holy Scriptures was made wise unto deliverance through faith in Jesus Christ (2 Timothy 3:15).

 

But most of the Jews missed out on receiving eternal life. Why? Because they had their eyes fixed on an earthly redeemer; who would come and restore the earthly kingdom of David to the Jews. Therefore when Jesus came as their Messiah, to die on the cross and set to them free from the law of sin death, they neither received him nor believed in his name.

 

To this day, even though the Jews diligently search the Scriptures; because they still have their eyes fixed on the earthly kingdom of David, they still reject Jesus Christ as their Lord and Deliverer. Therefore most Jews, despite their knowledge of the Scriptures, are still missing out on receiving eternal life.

 

 

Verse 41

 

John 5:41 I receive not honour from men.

 

We should not seek honour from men, for this is of very little value, rather we should seek honour that comes from God (John 5:44).

 

 

Verse 42

 

John 5:42 But I know you, that you have not the love of God in you.

 

 

But Jesus being filled with the Holy Spirit, was not only able to discern the thoughts of their hearts, he was also able to discern whether or not the love of God was within them.

 

 

Verses 43 - 44

 

John 5:43 I have come in my Father's name, and you receive me not: if another shall come in his own name, him you will receive. 44 How can you believe, which receive honour one of another, and seek not the honour that comes from God only?

 

Jesus Christ the Son of God humbled himself, in order to come to earth in the Father’s name, giving all glory and honour to God the Father. Yet they received him not. However there were other Jewish teachers, including Hillel and Shammai, who came in their own name and the Jews, received them.

 

Then Jesus asked the question; how can we believe anyone who is sent from God, if we seek to receive honour from men, and seek not the honour that comes only from God?

 

The answer to the question is; we cannot receive Jesus Christ, nor anybody else who has been sent by God, as long as we seek to receive honour that comes from men and not from God.

 

 

Verses 45 – 47

 

John 5:45 Do not think that I will accuse you to the Father: there is one that accuses you, even Moses, in whom you trust. 46 For had you believed Moses, you would have believed me: for he wrote of me. 47 But if you believe not his writings, how shall you believe my words?

 

It is not Jesus Christ who condemns us, rather it He who mediates between God and us, interceding on our behalf. Likewise, Moses who was a type picture of the coming Christ, did not condemn the children of Israel, rather it was he who mediated between God and the children of Israel, and interceded on their behalf.

 

It is not Moses who condemns the Jews, but rather the Law of God as written by Moses that condemns the Jews. Neither does Jesus Christ condemn sinners, for the Son of God did not come to condemn the world but that the world through him might be saved. But those who believe not in his name are condemned already.

 

John 3:16 For God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believes in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. 17 For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be delivered from sin. 18 He that believes in him is not condemned: but he that believes not is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God. 19 And this is the condemnation, that light has come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil.

 


 

 

COMMENTARY on

 

THE GOSPEL OF JOHN Chapter 6.

 

 Verses 1 – 2
 

John 6:1 After these things Jesus went over the sea of Galilee, which is the sea of Tiberius. And a great multitude followed him, because they saw his miracles which he did on them that were diseased.

 

After the things that are mentioned in chapter 5, Jesus and his disciples returned to Galilee, where they crossed over the Sea of Galilee, also known as the Sea of Tiberius. A multitude followed Jesus Christ, some on boats, but most would have probably made the journey on foot or donkey around the lake. For most, the reason they followed him was because they had seen the miracles he had performed on those who were sick and lame. Many brought their sick with them to be healed, for others it was a curiosity; some may have even thought he was the Messiah, the One who was to redeem Israel.

 

Verses 3 – 4

 

John 6:3 And Jesus went up into a mountain, and there he sat with his disciples. And the Passover, a feast of the Jews, was near.

 

Jesus and his disciples went to a deserted place and up a mountain to be alone away from the crowds; partly because Jesus wanted time alone with his disciples to talk and rest. It is very possible that Jesus having just heard that King Herod, who had killed John the Baptist was looking for him (Mark 6:14 – 30 & Luke 9:7 – 10), decided it would be safer to go to a deserted place on the other side of the Lake for a while, and going up to a high place would be safer, in that he could see anyone coming from a distance. However the crowds seeing them leave followed them on foot, and as the people past through the cities, others also went together with them unto Jesus. (Mark 6:31 – 33 & Luke 9:10).

 

In John 2:23 we are told that Jesus Christ was in Jerusalem for the Passover Feast. Then when we get to John 6:3 we are told that the Passover Feast was near. So we can assume that almost a year has gone past between John 2:23 and John 6:3.

 

Verses 5 – 6

 

John 6:5 When Jesus then lifted up his eyes, and saw a great company had come unto him, and he said unto Philip, Where shall we buy bread, that these may eat? He said this to test him: for he already knew what he would do.

 

While up upon the mountain talking with his disciples, Jesus lifted his eyes, and saw a great company had come to him.

 

In Mark’s account of that day it says;

 

Mark 6:34 And Jesus, when he came out, saw much people, and was moved with compassion toward them, because they were as sheep not having a shepherd: and he began to teach them many things.

 

Nine times in the gospels we read that Jesus Christ was moved with compassion towards people, and as a result of that compassion Jesus meet their need (Mathew 9:36; 14:14; 15:32; 20:34; Mark 1:41; 5:19; 6:34; 8:2; Luke 7:13). In the parable of the Good Samaritan the Samaritan was moved with compassion when he came across the man who had fallen among thieves, and Jesus tells us, we are to go and do likewise (Luke 10:33 – 37). And it was because of his compassion and his concerned for the people, that they would have to go away hungry that Jesus says to Philip, Where shall we buy bread for these to eat? Jesus this to test Philip, for Jesus already knew what he would do.

 

Verse 7

 

John 6:7 Philip answered him, two hundred denarii worth of bread would not be sufficient for to every one of them to receive a little.

 

A denarii was the equivalent of a Day’s pay (Mathew 20:2), so two hundred denarii equivalent to eight months wage. Philip answer tells us, that it was not that they never had the money to pay for bread to feed them all, but put the question, should we, or do we really want to spend that much money on bread to feed these people. Why even if we spent two hundred denarii, even that would not purchase sufficient for everyone to have even a little bread.

 

Two hundred denarii sounds too much of a mice round figure to say this was all the money they had, but it was a mice round figure to emphasis the cost of feeding such a large number of people.

 

Verses 8 – 11

 

John 6:8 One of his disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, said unto him, 9 There is a lad here, who has five barley loaves, and two small fishes: but what are they among so many? 10 Then Jesus said, Make the men sit down. Now there was much grass in the place. So the men sat down, in number about five thousand. 11 Then Jesus took the loaves; and when he had given thanks, he distributed to the disciples, and the disciples to them that were sat down; and likewise of the fishes as much as they desired.

 

Mathew 14:19 And he commanded the multitude to sit down on the grass, and took the five loaves, and the two fishes, and looking up to sky, he blessed, and brake, and gave the loaves to his disciples, and the disciples to the multitude.

 

Philip, Andrew and his brother Peter were all from Bethsaida, therefore most likely close friends from early childhood. The three of them and Jesus were together discussing their concerns for the people.

 

Jesus Christ said;

 

Matthew 18:19 Again I say unto you, that if two of you shall agree on earth concerning anything that they shall ask, it shall be done for them of my Father which is in the sky. 20 For where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them.

 

So the ingredients were all here for a miracle; three children of God gathered together in the name of Jesus, with a concern and a compassion for the meads of the people; and there Jesus Christ the Son of God stood in the midst of them. But Jesus Christ had given up his deity to become just like us (Philippians 2:5 – 7), born into this world as a child of God, then at his baptism the Holy Spirit came upon him and Father God declared over him, this is by beloved Son, in him I am well please (Matthew 3:16 -17).

 

From that day Jesus was no longer the Christ child but now he was the Son of God, and being filled with all power and authority went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed by the devil because God was with him (Act 10:37 – 38).

 

Jesus takes the bread, looking up to the Father in the sky he blesses the bread. What is Jesus doing here? He is not just blessing the bread to his own body; he is blessing it to the multitude. To put it simply he is by faith asking the Father to feed the multitude, and the Father hears his prayer and feeds the multitude through the disciples, the body of Christ.

 

At this point in time Jesus has become just like us, he has been baptized in water for repentance. Not that Jesus needed to repent, but in going through the waters of baptism for repentance, he set an example for us to follow. Then the promise of the Holy Spirit came upon him with all power and authority, and just as God’s word declares we are his son at our baptism, so Jesus Christ was declared the Son of God at his baptism (Act 2:38 – 39; Galatians 3:26 – 27 & Mathew 3:16 - 17). After which just like us, Jesus could work God given miracles.

 

When Jesus spoke and worked miracles, it was not Jesus but God the Father speaking and working through him. When we fully submit ourselves to God, it is not we who speak and work miracles, it is Christ working through us (John 14:10 – 14).

 

John 14:12 Truly, truly, I say unto you, he that believes in me, the works that I do, he shall also do; and greater works than these shall he do; because I go unto my Father. 13 And whatsoever you shall ask in my name, that will I do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son. 14 If you shall ask any thing in my name, I will do it.

 

Thus it was that disciples by faith in the name Jesus Christ worked miracles, feeding the multitude and giving all the glory to God the Son.

 

 

Verses 12 - 13

 

John 6:12 When they were filled, he said unto his disciples, Gather up the fragments that remain, that nothing be lost. 13 Therefore they gathered them together, and filled twelve baskets with the fragments of the five barley loaves, which were left over by them who had eaten.

 
Here are a number of lessons here.

 

1: We cannot out give God; the more we give to those in need and for the extension of the kingdom of God, even when it means going without ourselves, the more God will give unto us.

 

Luke 6:38 Give, and it shall be given unto you; good measure, pressed down, and shaken together, and running over, shall men give into your bosom. For with the same measure that you measure out to others it shall be measured back to you.

 

The little boy gave five small barley loaves, enough to feed one little boy; but after Jesus Christ had blessed it and the disciple had feed the five thousand as much as they desired, he received back from the Lord twelve full baskets of bread. That is a great return for small investment. The little boy gave all he had; he was willing to go hungry to give to God and the kingdom; and God gave back more than he could ever imagine.

 

After they had all eaten as much as they desired, Jesus commanded the fragments of bread that were left over to be gather up.

 

2: God has an infinite supply at his disposal. Or should I say, through Jesus Christ, by faith in God we have an infinite supply at our disposal, to do God’s will.

 

3: When God give us abundance, don’t under value the blessings of God. Don’t waste any of it. If God has given you abundantly more than you could ever use; chances are he wants you to use it to bless others and bring glory to his name.

 

 

Verses 14 – 15

 

John 6:14 Then those men, when they had seen the miracle that Jesus did, said this is truly that prophet who is coming into the world. 15 Therefore Jesus perceiving that they would come and take him by force, to make him a king, he departed again to the mountain by himself.

 

Moses had foretold of a prophet, the Messiah who was coming into the world (Deu18:15 & Acts 3:22). John the Baptist declared that Jesus was the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world (John 1:29) and also that Jesus was the Son of God (John 1:34). Most of these people who gathered to Jesus Christ that day had either seen or heard of the miracles that God had worked through Jesus; and they had come to see the miracles for themselves, that they may know for sure, if truly Jesus was that prophet spoken of by Mosses coming into the world.

 

But the eyes of their heart were not on the kingdom of God, but on an earthly kingdom of Israel. They wanted an earthly king like all the other nations of the world; they wanted to free themselves from their oppressor Rome and to become the rulers of the kingdoms of the world. They like their forefathers, wanted to reject God as their king and rise up a man from amongst their own brethren to be their king (1 Samuel 8:1 – 9).

 

Therefore, Jesus perceiving the evil of their hearts and that they intended to take him by force, to make him a king, he departed again to the mountain by himself.

 

 

Verses 16 – 18

 

John 6:16 When evening came, his disciples went down unto the sea, 17 and entered into a ship, and went over the sea toward Capernaum. It was now dark, and Jesus had not come to them. 18 And the sea arose by reason of a great wind that blew.

 

The language of Mathew 14:5 tell us they sat down to eat in the evening, meaning late afternoon. While John writes in John 6:16 (Using a different Greek word) when evening came, meaning at night fall, his disciples went down unto the sea. There they entered into a ship, most likely an open fishing boat, and began to cross over the Sea of Galilee towards Capernaum. Jesus had not come with them, it was now dark and because a great wind blew, the sea arose and became rough.

 

 

Verses 19 – 21

 

John 6:19 So when they had rowed about twenty five to thirty furlongs, they saw Jesus walking on the sea, and drawing near unto the ship: and they were afraid. 20 But he said unto them, it is I; be not afraid. 21 Then they willingly received him into the ship: and immediately the ship was at the land where they were going.

 

Because the wind was against them they could not use the sail, instead they had to row most of the night making little progress, about twenty five to thirty furlongs (3 – 4 miles or 5 – 6 kilometres), only about one third of their journey, when Jesus came to them during the fourth watch of the night (Matt 24:25), which is between 3 and 6 o’clock in the morning. They had only rowed something like four miles in eight hours.

 

Then Jesus drew near unto the ship: and they were afraid, for they thought him to be a ghost (Matt 14:26). But when Jesus spoke saying, “It is I; be not afraid.” Then they willingly received him into the ship: and immediately the ship was at the land where they were going.

 

When we leave Jesus and try and do things in our own strength, the going can get tough. It can seem that everything is against us; instead being blown along by the wind of the Holy Spirit, the storms of life blow against us, bringing us almost to a standstill. We become afraid and begin to see things negatively. They thought Jesus was a ghost, then Jesus Christ calls out, “It is I; be not afraid.” Then we recognize the voice of Jesus and invite him back into our lives (John 10:27). Then with Jesus back in our lives, problems that seemed to take forever to overcome, battling against the storms of life, are very quickly, if not immediately overcome and placed behind us.

 

So it was after battling the wind and the sea all night, the disciples invited Jesus Christ aboard their ship, and immediately they were on the other side of the lake.

 


Verses 22 – 25

 

John 6:22 The day following, when the people which remained on the other side of the sea, knowing there had been no other boat there, except the one his disciples had entered, and that Jesus had not gone with his disciples into the boat, but that his disciples had gone away alone. 23 (Then there came other boats from Tiberias near to the place where they did eat bread, after the Lord had given thanks:) 24 When the people therefore saw that Jesus was not there, neither his disciples, they also took to boats, and came to Capernaum, seeking for Jesus. 25 And when they had found him on the other side of the sea, they said unto him, Rabbi, when did you come here?

 

A number of people after eating the bread observed that Jesus remained on the shore, while his disciples got in the boat and left for the other side of the lake. Most of these people, knowing Jesus had not left with his disciples, remained hoping to see more of Jesus Christ in the morning. Also others came by boat from Tiberias to near where the where the multitude eat bread. In the morning, when the people could not find Jesus, they all took to boats and came to Capernaum, seeking Jesus.

 

Finding Jesus they said to him, Rabbi, when did you come here?

 

The people were bewildered and confused, they did not understand now Jesus had got from one side of the lake to the other.

 

 

Verse 26 – 27

 

John 6:26 Jesus answered them and said, Truly, truly, I say unto you, You seek me, not because you saw the miracles, but because you did eat of the loaves, and were filled. 27 Labour not for the meat which perishes, but for that meat which endures unto everlasting life, which the Son of man shall give unto you: for him has God the Father sealed.

 

Jesus answers them, not by answering their curiosity, but by answering the issues of their hart. Yesterday the great multitude followed him, because they saw his miracles which he did on them that were diseased (John 6:1), and they brought their sick to be healed. After Jesus had preached to them and healed their sick, having compassion on them he performed a miracle by feeding the multitude with just five small loaves of bread.

 

John 6:14 Then those men, when they had seen the miracle that Jesus did, said this is truly that prophet who is coming into the world. 15 Therefore Jesus perceiving that they would come and take him by force, to make him a king, he departed again to the mountain by himself.

 

These men had their eyes firmly fixed on the temporal things of earth, food, healing and the restoration of the earthly kingdom of Israel. So Jesus Christ counsels and not to labour for that which perishes, but for that which endures unto everlasting life, which the Son of man shall give unto you: for him has God the Father sealed.

 
The Son of man, Jesus Christ has been sealed by God the Father. That is saying God the Father has approved, given authority and commissioned Jesus Christ to give that which endures unto everlasting life.

 

 

Verse 28 – 29

 

John 6:28 Then said they unto him, “What shall we do, that we might work the works of God?” 29 Jesus answered and said unto them, “This is the work of God that you believe on him whom he has sent.”

 

These people had been brought up under a works mentality, a belief not in justification by faith, but in justification by works. So their question is “What shall we do, that we might work the works of God?”

It is written;

 

Isaiah 64:6 But we have all become as an unclean, and all our justification is as filthy rags; and we all wilt as a leaf; and our perversities, like the wind, have taken us away.

 

All our works to achieve justification are as filthy rags, so what works can we do to achieve the gaol of justification?

 

Jesus Christ answer to this question is, “This is the work of God that you believe on him whom he has sent.” Why? Because only by believing in Jesus Christ can we achieve the goal of justification; for we cannot achieve this goal by the works of the law.

 

Romans 10:4 For Christ is the end of the law for justification to everyone that believes.

 

 

Verses 30 – 31

 

John 6:30 They said therefore unto him, What sign will you show then, that we may see, and believe you? What work do you do? 31 Our fathers did eat manna in the desert; as it is written, He gave them bread from the sky to eat.

 

Those Jews, who the day before, had flocked to Jesus Christ for the healing of their sick, and had miraculously been feed; were again seeking Jesus Christ because they believed he was the Christ. But now other Jews, who did not believe, had come to spread their doubt and unbelief.

 

These Jews credited Moses for daily providing bread from the sky, for all Israel, for forty years in the wilderness, therefore they believed in the law of God, as written by Moses. Compared to this miracle Jesus Christ miracle of providing one meal for a few thousand was nothing. So they ask Jesus “What sign will you show then, that we may see, and believe you? What work do you do?”

 

 

Verse 32

 

John 6:32 Then Jesus said unto them, Truly, truly, I say unto you, Moses did not give you that bread from the sky; but my Father gives you the true bread from the sky.

 

Jesus rightly says that Moses did not give you bread from the sky.

 

1: For Moses had no hand in supplying or giving of the bread from the sky; he did not even pray for it, it was all God’s idea and the work of God’s hands.

 

2: For the bread God gave in the wilderness was still earthly, in that it only sustained the earthly body, and all who ate of the bread (except two) died in the wilderness.

 

 

Verses 33 – 34

 

John 6:32b But my Father gives you the true bread from the sky. 33 For the bread of God is he which comes down from the sky, and gives life unto the world.

 

The day before Jesus Christ had feed thousands with earthly bread. For the forty years in the wilderness God feed all Israel with earthly bread. I say earthly bread, because both the bread with which Jesus feed the thousands and the bread with which God feed the nation of Israel only feed and sustained the earthly body of man; it did not feed and sustain the spiritual man.

 

But God the

 

Father gives to you the true bread from the sky, for the bread of God is he which comes down from the sky.

 

The bread of God is he! The bread of God is a person, which comes down from the sky.

 

This true bread is he who comes down from the sky; he will not only feed the earthly bodies of all Israel, he is capable of feeding and sustaining the spiritual lives of all mankind. That is to say, the true bread from the sky gives life to all people of all the nations of the world.

 

John 3:13 No man has ascended up to the sky, other than he who came down from the sky, the Son of man which is in the sky.

 

Up unto the time of Jesus Christ earthly ministry, no man had ascended up to the sky, other than he (Jesus Christ) who came down from the sky, the Son of man which is in the sky

 

Not that they understood, but that they longed to live forever;

 

John 6:34 Then they said unto him, Lord, for evermore give us this bread.

 

 

Verses 35 - 36

 

John 6:35 And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that comes to me shall never hunger; and he that believes in me shall never thirst. 36 But I said unto you, that you also have seen me, and believe not.

 

Just as our physical body needs earthly bread and water or it will die; so also our spiritual being needs spiritual bread and water or it will die. Jesus Christ is the bread of life (John 3:35) and through Jesus Christ we receive living water (John 4:14).

 

Jesus Christ is the Word become flesh (John 1:1 & 14). Therefore when read, believe and take the Word of God into our being, we partake of the bread of life.

 

Jesus Christ says;

 

John 15:5 I am the vine, you are the branches, he that dwells in me, and I in him, the same brings forth much fruit: for without me you can do nothing. 6 If a man does not dwell in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast them into the fire, and they are burned.

 

The branches receive their bread and water by dwelling in the vine, and the life within, the bread and water flow from the vine, through the branches and out to where it produces much fruit.

 

If we believe the words of Jesus Christ and dwell in him, like the branches we will receive the bread of life and living water from Christ and we will never hunger or thirst.

 

But among those who questioned Jesus Christ that day, there were many who had heard the words of Jesus and seen the miracles and still they did not believe.

 

 

Verse 37

 

John 6:37 All that the Father gives me shall come to me; and him that comes to me I will by no means cast out.

 

John 1:10 He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not. 11 He came unto his own, and his own received him not. 12 But as many as received him, to them he gave the right to become the children of God, to them that believe in his name: 13 who were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.

 

Ever since God created the sky and the earth He was in the world. That is to say the Word was dwelling amongst the people of the world. And although the people of the world were made by him, the world knew him not.

 

4,000 years after creation He, the Word, came unto his own, those who were of his own earthly flesh and blood, the Jews, and his own received him not. But as many as received him, to them he gave the right to become the children of God, to them that believe in his name.

 

John 3:16 For God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believes in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

 

If we receive Jesus Christ and believe in him we receive the right to become children of God.

 

When we believe and received Jesus Christ the Son of God, in an instant we not only we receive the right to become a child of God, we also so are given to Christ and we come to Christ. Having come to Christ he will by no means cast us out of the kingdom of God. Neither shall any man or demon pluck us out of the hand of Jesus Christ (John 10:28).

 

But just as we choose to come to Jesus by our own free will, we can also after our deliverance choose to reject Jesus, turn our back on him and jump out of his hand and fall away into eternal damnation.

 

Hebrews 6:4 For it is impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the gift from the sky, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost, And have tasted the good word of God, and the powers of the world to come, If they shall fall away, to renew them again unto repentance; seeing they crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh, and expose him to shame.

 

 

Verses 38 - 39

 

John 6:38 For I have come down from the sky, not to do my own will, but the will of him that sent me. 39 And this is the will of the Father who has sent me, that of all which he has given me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the Last Day.

 

In the beginning because of his divine nature, God the Son like God the Father and God the Holy Spirit, filled both sky and earth, thus he was everywhere. But when the time came for the Son of God to come down from the sky to dwell on earth as a man, he gave up his divine nature to become just like us expect he remained without an inherited sin nature.

 

The Son of man came not to do his own will, but the will of God the Father who sent him.

 

John 5:30 I can of mine own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge: and my judgment is just; because I seek not mine own will, but the will of the Father which has sent me.

 

Jesus Christ of himself does nothing (John 5:19), as he hears from his Father so he judges (John 8:26), the Father shows the Son all things that he does, and the Son does likewise (John 5:20), the Son does not live according to his own will, but according to the Father’s will (Luke 22:42).

 

Adam the first man on earth was created not to seek his own will, but to do the will of the Father who created him. However by choosing to live his life according to his own will he fell short of the mark and sin entered into mankind, and with sin came the law of sin and death.

 

However the Son of God came to earth in the flesh, not to seek his own will, but the will of the Father which has sent him. And it was the will of God the Father that Son of God be sacrificed upon the cross to become the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world (John 1:29).

 

Romans 8:1 Therefore there is now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has made me free from the law of sin and death.

 

Therefore, in accordance with God the Father’s will, on the Last Day, Christ will raise up to eternal life, all that the Father as given him.

 

 

Verse 40

 

John 6:40 And this is the will of him that sent me, that everyone who sees the Son, and believes in him, shall have everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last day.

 

Who has the Father given to the Son of God? Everyone who sees the Son and believes in him. It is not just enough to see Jesus Christ, to witness the miracles he performed and believe these things really happened. Even the devils have seen these things, believe and tremble with fear. (James 2:19). Many Jews also saw these things and believed, but only few were given to Jesus Christ and became his disciples.

 

There is a big difference in believing in the reality of Jesus Christ and believing in Jesus Christ to the extent that you become one with Christ in mind and spirit; allowing the Spirit of Christ within you to take over your whole life and being.

 

1 Corinthians 6:19 What? Know you not that your body is the temple of the Holy Spirit which is in you, which you have of God, and you are not your own? 20 For you are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's.

 

In Romans 1:1 Paul calls himself a bond servant of Jesus Christ. A bond servant is someone who voluntarily sells himself or gives himself as a slave to another. We once served as slaves to sin, but once we heard and believed that Jesus Christ by his death on the cross had purchased our freedom from sin, we voluntarily gave ourselves to Christ, as bond servants of justification.

 

 

Verses 41 - 42

 

John 6:41 The Jews then murmured at him, because he said, I am the bread which came down from the sky. 42 And they said, is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How is it then that he said, I came down from the sky?

 

The Jews, now realizing that Jesus spoke of himself being the bread that came down from the sky, murmured at him arguing, is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? The elders amongst then had seen Jesus grow up in their mist; also they knew his father Joseph and had seen his mother Mary great with child. How is it then that he said, I came down from the sky? Because they longed for the things of this world, they did not have eyes to see nor ears to hear the things of the kingdom; therefore they could not understand or perceive the things of the kingdom.

 

 

Verse 43

 

John 6:43 Jesus therefore answered and said unto them, murmur not among yourselves.

 

Jesus Christ the man, being filled with the Holy Spirit, and therefore by the gift of the word of knowledge, knowing what they were murmuring about, rebukes them for not believing and murmuring among themselves.

 

 

Verse 44

 

John 6:44 No man can come to me, except the Father who has sent me draws him: and I will raise him up at the last day.

 

John 6:35 And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that comes to me shall never hunger; and he that believes in me shall never thirst. 36 But I said unto you, that you also have seen me, and believe not.

 

Most of the people of the world have no interest in the things of the kingdom, but those who catch a glimpse of and long for the things of the kingdom, the Father draws him by the Holy Spirit to Jesus Christ. He that comes to Jesus Christ and believes in him shall never hunger nor thirst. So there is a drawing to Jesus, the Fathers role, and coming and believing, our role. Then on the Last Day, Jesus Christ will raise up all those who have been drawn by the Father and believe.

 

The term “the Last Day” is used seven times in the Good News According to John; four times in chapter six. This is a reference to prophecy given to us through the writings of Daniel.

 

In Daniel chapter 12 we are told of a coming time when everyone whose name is written in the book of life shall be delivered. On that day many who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake; some to everlastings life and some to shame and everlasting contempt.

 

Then Daniel is told; from the time the daily sacrifice is taken away and the abomination that makes desolate is placed in the temple, there will be 1,290 days plus 1,335 days, then he that is waiting (for the coming of the Messiah and the deliverance of God’s people) shall be blessed (with everlasting life).

 

Finally Daniel is told that he to shall die and his body laid to rest. Then at the end of days, he shall be raised to receive his inheritance. (This phrase, “the end of days” in translated into the New Testament as “the Last Day”).

 


Verse 45

 

John 6:45 It is written in the prophets, they shall be all taught of God. Every man therefore that has heard, and has learned from the Father, comes unto me.

 

Isaiah 54:13 And all your children shall be taught of the LORD; and great shall be the peace of your children.

 

Here we can see the importance of preaching and teaching the word of God unto all man; for it is only those who have both heard and learned from the Father, who will come unto Jesus Christ.

 

Jeremiah 31:31 Look and see, the days come, says the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: 32 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, says the LORD: 33 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, says the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people. 34 And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, says the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.

 

Under the Old Covenant, which was in effect from Mosses unto the earthly ministry of Jesus Christ; God took his people and lead them by hand, appointing priest who were their brothers and neighbours teach them to know the LORD. But under the New Covenant the Spirit of God comes and dwelt within us and writes the law in our hearts, thus God becomes our God and we become his people. Therefore no longer do we require our brother or neighbour to teach us to know the LORD, for now we know him, because he lives within us. And the Spirit within us tells us of the love the Father and the Son have towards us, and this love draws us to Christ.

 

 

Verse 46

 

John 6:46 Not that any man has seen the Father, except he which is from God, he has seen the Father.

 

John 1:18 No man has seen God at any time, however the only begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father. He has declared him.

 

Yes, in the beginning before Word gave up his equality with God to become just like us; the Word by his own eyes and ears could both see and hear God. This is something no man can do. Therefore no man has seen the Father, except he which is from God, only he has seen the Father.

 

However, during his earthly ministry, Jesus Christ, having being filled by the Holy Spirit, by the Spirit could both see what God the Father was doing and hear his voice. Therefore by the Holy Spirit which dwelt in him, Jesus Christ was one with the Father and knew God. In the same way, you and I, who have been filled by the Holy Spirit, can both see what God is doing and hear his voice and know God.

 

Verse 47

 

John 6:40 And this is the will of him that sent me, that everyone who sees the Son, and believes in him, shall have everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last day.

 

John 6:47 Truly, truly, I say unto you, he that believes in me has everlasting life. 48 I am that bread of life.

 

How do we see and hear the Son of God? By the Holy Spirit who dwells within us, we see him with our spiritual eyes and hear him with our spiritual hears, and we also see the manifestation of his good works through other believers, and he that believes in Christ has everlasting life .

 
For just as bread and water are the basic necessities, that maintain the life to our mortal body; so Christ is the basic necessity, that maintains our spiritual body and gives everlasting life to our soul. Therefore Christ is the bread of everlasting life.

 

 

Verses 49 - 51

 

John 6:49 Your fathers did eat manna in the wilderness, and are dead. 50 This is the bread which comes down from the sky, so any man may eat of it, and not die. 51 I am the living bread which came down from the sky; if any man eats of this bread, he shall live forever, and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.

 

Even though we may eat all the earthly bread our body desires, our earthly body will still one day die. All who ate manna in the wilderness, died. But if we eat of Christ, who is the living bread come down from the sky, we will live forever, for the bread Jesus Christ gives is his flesh, which he gave for the life of the world.

 

John 1:29 The next day John sees Jesus coming unto him, and said, Look and see the Lamb of God, which takes away the sin of the world.

 

The Jews were required to sacrifice one lamb per house whole, once a year to cover their sins. But Jesus Christ the Lamb of God was sacrificed once for all, for all time to take away the sin, not just of one house whole, but for the whole world.

 

John 3:16 For God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believes in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

 

On that first Passover, death passed over each house whole that ate of their lamb. The bread Jesus gave is his flesh, and when we believe and eat of his flesh, we receive eternal life.

 

 

Verse 52

 

John 6:52 The Jews therefore disputed among themselves, saying, how can this man give us his flesh to eat?

 
Many either did not understand or want to believe; therefore they quarrelled and disputed among themselves.

 

Matthew 13:9 He who has ears to hear, let him hear. 10 Then the disciples came, and said unto him, why do you speak unto them in parables? 11 He answered and said unto them, because it is given unto you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of the sky, but unto them it is not given.

12 For whoever has, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance: but whoever has not, from him shall be taken away even that he has. 13 Therefore I speak to them in parables: because they seeing see not; and hearing they hear not, neither do they understand. 14 And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Isaiah which says, By hearing you shall hear, and shall not understand; and seeing you shall see, and shall not perceive: 15 For this people's heart is fat, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes they have closed; lest at any time they should see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and should understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them. 16 But blessed are your eyes, for they see: and your ears, for they hear. 17 For surely I say unto you, that many prophets and just men have desired to see those things which you see, and have not seen them; and to hear those things which you hear, and have not heard them.

 

In the parable of the sower we are told seed (representing the word of God) is immediately devoured by the birds (representing Satan) Mark 4:4 & 4:15.

 

Many of the Jews who did not want to believe, became possessed by Satan’s evil spirits; which like the birds, they came to take the good seed of the word of God away.

 

 

Verse 53 - 56

 

1 Corinthians 10:1 Moreover, brethren, I would not that you should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; And did all eat the same spiritual meat; And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ. But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness.

 

John 6:32 Then Jesus said unto them, Truly, truly, I say unto you, Moses did not give you that bread from the sky; but my Father gives you the true bread from the sky. 33 For the bread of God is he which comes down from the sky, and gives life unto the world. 34 Then they said unto him, Lord, for evermore give us this bread. 35 And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that comes to me shall never hunger; and he that believes in me shall never thirst.

 

The bread and the water God supplied in the wilderness was a type picture (a parable) of Jesus Christ who is both the true bread from the sky and the source of the water of life. For the bread and water they received in the wilderness only sustained the earthly body of flesh for a season, but true bread of Christ body and waters of life that flow through Christ sustain us for all eternity.

 

Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that comes to me shall never hunger; and he that believes in me shall never thirst (Verse 35). Unless we come to Jesus Christ, we cannot eat of the bread of life, and unless we believe we cannot drink of the water of life. Just as it is necessary for us to both eat and drink of natural food to sustain and keep our flesh body alive, so it is necessary for us to both eat of the body of Christ, and partake of the water of life that flows through Christ to sustain our spiritual life.

 

Then in verse 51 Jesus adds a twist to the type picture (the parable), and soon Jesus Christ is no longer talking of body being the bread of life through which we receive the water of life; now Christ is declaring the bread to be his body of flesh, and his blood to be drink.

 

John 6:51 I am the living bread which came down from the sky; if any man eats of this bread, he shall live forever, and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.

 

John 6:53 Then Jesus said unto them, truly, truly, I say unto you, except you eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, you have no life in you. 54 Who ever eats my flesh, and drinks my blood, has eternal life; and I will raise him up at the last day. 55 For my flesh is meat indeed, and my blood is drink indeed. 56 He that eats my flesh, and drinks my blood, dwells in me, and I in him.

 

1 Corinthians 10:16 The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?

 

At the time of the first Passover, on the 10th day of the month, the children of Israel took a lamb, one lamb per household. Then after the lamb had dwelt with them, on the 14th day of the month the lamb was put to death, they eat the flesh of the lamb and sprinkled the blood of the lamb upon the two side post and the lintel of the door way into the house in which they did eat it (Exodus 12:7). This they did as a substitution of the death of their first born, so that the plague of death would Passover the house.

 

This is a type picture (a parable) of the Word who was God and is God, who became flesh; the Passover Lamb who dwelt among us. The Word became flesh (John 1:14). And Jesus declares that he is the living bread and bread he gives is his flesh.

 

John 6:49 Your fathers did eat manna in the wilderness, and are dead. 50 This is the bread which comes down from the sky, so any man may eat of it, and not die. 51 I am the living bread which came down from the sky; if any man eats of this bread, he shall live forever, and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.

 

Who became flesh? The Word became flesh. When Jesus Christ gives us of his flesh, he gives us the Word. Just as the natural body daily requires earthly bread to sustain life, the spiritual body daily requires Jesus Christ the Word to sustain eternal life.

 

In the wilderness, the spiritual Rock which followed was also a type picture of Christ. When Mosses struck the Rock water flowed from the Rock. So in the wilderness the children of Israel partook off both bread from the sky and water from the Rock to sustain their earthly bodies. When Jesus Christ became flesh and was nailed to the cross, he was struck and blood flowed from his side (John 19:34).

 

What is in the blood?

 

Leviticus 17:10 And whatsoever man of the house of Israel, or of the strangers who sojourn among you, who eats any manner of blood, I will set My face against that soul who eats blood, and will cut him off from among his people. 11 For the soul of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you upon the altar to make atonement for your souls; for it is the blood that makes atonement for the soul.

 

The soul is in the blood.

 

Isaiah 53:10 Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he has put him to grief: when you shall make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand. 11 He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my just bond servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities. 12 Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he has poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

 
John 10:17 Therefore my Father does love me, because I lay down my soul, that I might take it again.

 

Matthew 20:28 - - - - - - - - the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve and give his soul a ransom for many.

 

Matthew 5:38 You have heard that it has been said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth (Exodus 21:24).

 

And you could add a soul for a soul. At Passover God accepted the soul of a lamb for the souls dwelling within that house; a lamb per household. On the cross of Calvary God accepted the soul of Jesus Christ, the Lamb of God, for the souls of all mankind.

 

 

Verses 56 – 57

 

John 6:56 He that eats my flesh, and drinks my blood dwells in me, and I in him. 57 As the living Father has sent me, and I live through the Father: so does he that eats me, even he shall live through me.

 

At the communion table, when we partake of the bread, we symbolically partake of the suffering Christ suffered in his body, thus we are redeemed from the curse of the law and sin. On the cross Christ bore the curse for our sins, for it is written cursed is he hangs from a tree.

 
Galatians 3:13 Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangs on a tree (Deut 21:23):

 

When we partake of the cup, we symbolically partake of the sinless soul of Jesus Christ which was given to redeem the souls of all mankind (Matthew 20:28).

 

God the Father sent his Begotten Son to earth to live his life through the Father and according to his will. Even so do we who have become one with Christ, live our life through Christ according to the will of the Father.

 

 

Verses 58 - 60

 

John 6:58 This is that bread which came down from to sky; not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead: he that eats of this bread shall live forever. 59 These things said he in the synagogue, as he taught in Capernaum. 60 Many therefore of his disciples, when they had heard this, said this is a hard saying; who can hear and accept it?

 

Physically speaking, all those who ate of the manna in the wilderness died. But spiritually speaking, all who eat of Christ flesh, the true bread from above, shall live forever. Jesus Christ said this in synagogue in Capernaum, among those whom he had taught much about the kingdom of God, and whom had seen Jesus Christ work many miracles.

 

Yet when they heard this, many of his disciples found it hard to believe and accept as the truth. A disciple is one who follows the teachings of his teacher. Apart from his twelve closest disciples Jesus Christ had many other disciples who followed his teachings, and it was these many other disciples who found this teaching hard to accept as the truth.

 

 

Verses 61 – 62

 

John 6:61 When Jesus knew in himself that his disciples murmured at it, he said unto them, does this offend you? 62 What if you shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was before?

 

Whether by natural or spiritual knowledge, Jesus knew that they were murmuring about what he was teaching, and he ask them does the offend you? Then he asked them, “What if you shall see the Son of man ascend up to where he was before?

 

Back in John 6:15 Jesus Christ perceived that they would by force make him king. Many of Jesus’ disciples saw Jesus Christ as an earthly redeemer, who had come to redeem Israel from the Romans. Therefore if Jesus were to ascend back up into the sky, this would shatter their vision of the restoration of the kingdom of Israel.

 

 

Verses 63 – 65

 

John 6:63 It is the spirit that quickens; the flesh profits nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life. 64 But there are some of you that believe not. For Jesus knew from the beginning who they were that believed not, and who should betray him. 65 And he said, therefore I say unto you, that no man can come unto me, except it was given unto him from my Father.

 

It is the spirit that brings life, but the desires of the flesh and the deeds of the flesh bring death, therefore the flesh profits nothing. The words Jesus Christ speaks are spirit and therefore if we listen and hear them, they are life to us.

 

But some of his disciples did not believe, and from the beginning, even from when they first decided to follow Jesus Christ, by the Holy Spirit within him, Jesus knew who they were that believed not, and who should betray him. Not only Judas Iscariot, but also those who would demand his crucifixion; yet he loved and forgave them all. It is only those who love the truth and want to believe, that God gives the faith to believe.

 

A father brought his son to Jesus to be healed.

 

Mark 9:20 And they brought him unto him: and when he saw him, straightway the spirit caused him to fit; and he fell on the ground, and rolling about foaming at the mouth. 21 And he asked his father, How long is it since this came unto him? And he said, From a child. 22 And many times it has cast him into the fire, and into the waters, to destroy him: but if you can do anything, have compassion on us, and help us. 23 Jesus said unto him, If you can believe, all things are possible to him that believes. 24 And straightway the father of the child cried out, and said with tears, Lord, I believe; help me in my unbelief.

 

Did the boy’s father believe? No! But he wanted to believe, he loved the truth, and he asked Jesus to help to receive the faith to believe; and God through Jesus Christ gave him the faith to believe.

 

Ephesians 2:8 For by grace you are delivered through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God:

 

Galatians 3:22 But the scripture has concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.

 

The faith to believe is a gift of God; and faith, and the promises of God are by the faith of Jesus Christ which is given to them that chose to believe.

 

Therefore Jesus said to them no man can come unto me, except it was given unto him from my Father. If we do not chose to believe, God will not give us the faith of Jesus Christ to believe. Those who are not given the faith to believe are not given to Christ, while those who chose to believe are both given to Christ and given the faith to believe.

 

 

Verses 66 - 69

 

John 6:66 From that time many of his disciples went back, and walked no more with him. 67 Then Jesus said unto the twelve, Will you also go away? 68 Then Simon Peter answered him, Lord, to whom shall we go? You have the words of eternal life, 69 and we believe and are sure that you are the Christ, the Son of the living God.

 

Matthew 28:18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, all power is given unto me in sky and in earth. 19 Therefore, go you and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit: 20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, look and see, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world. Amen.

 

We are commissioned to go and make disciples, we are not commissioned to go and deliver souls. However in the process of making disciples souls will be delivered from out of the kingdom of darkness. Part of this process of making disciples is the teaching of the disciples all things whatsoever the Lord has commanded us. Most new disciples come into the kingdom with a childlike faith, but as we grow in the knowledge of the kingdom of God our faith also grows and matures. When we were a child nothing much was expected of us, but as we grew in faith and maturity God our Father expected us to observe all things whatsoever the Lord has commanded us, then in turn he expects us to teach those we disciple to also observe these things also. The more we grow in the faith, the more God expects of us and the greater the rewards we received and are promised for following Jesus Christ and obeying his commands. Yet often with these steps in faith, maturity and obedience came a time to count cost and a time to choose, whether to continue on with Jesus Christ, or to turn aside and follow the crowd to the pit of hell.

 

Can one, once has been delivered can they come back under bondage?

 

For answers to this question please go to comments on John 6:37.

 

Thousands had become disciples of Jesus Christ, and with childlike faith they came to receive the good things from Jesus Christ, but still they hung on to those wrong beliefs and lust of the flesh they had before they meet with Jesus. For them it was a time to count the cost and a time to choose.

 

Even for the twelve who had tasted of the good things of the kingdom and experienced the power of the kingdom, it was a time to count the cost and a time to choose. Then Jesus said unto the twelve, Will you also go away?

 

John 6:70 Jesus answered them, have not I chosen you twelve, and one of you is a devil? 71 He spoke of Judas Iscariot the son of Simon: for it was he, being one of the twelve, who would betray him.

 

Judas, one of the twelve whom Jesus Christ had chosen to follow him; Judas who had been sent out with the twelve to preach the gospel of the kingdom, to cast out demons and heal the sick; yet having tasted of the good things of the kingdom Judas betrayed Jesus Christ.

 


 

 

COMMENTARY on

 

THE GOSPEL OF JOHN Chapter 7.

 

  Verse 1

 

John 7:1 After these things Jesus walked about in Galilee: for he would not walk about in Judea, because the Jews sought to kill him.

 

After the previous things that happened during his earthly ministry, including healing the sick on the Sabbath and declaring himself equal to God (John 5:18) Jesus Christ spent most of his time in Galilee, and would not remain in Judea because the Jewish leaders sought to kill him. There is no evidence to indicate any Jews, other than the Jewish leaders sought to kill Jesus.

 

 

Verse 2

 

John 7:2 Now the Jews' feast of tabernacles was at hand.

 

The feast of tabernacles or the feast of tents was celebrated from the 15th day of Tisri; around the second half of September and the first half of October. During this time the people lived in tents for seven days, to commemorate their dwelling in tents during their forty years in the wilderness. The last and eight day of the feast was known as the great day of the feast (John 7:37).

 

 

Verses 3 - 5

 

John 7:3 His brethren therefore said unto him, depart from here, and go into Judea, that your disciples also may see the works that you do. For there is no man that does anything in secret, while he himself seeks to be known openly. If you do these things, you show yourself to the world. For neither did his brethren believe in him.

 

All though some of his brethren (that is close family members) believed in Jesus Christ, others not quite so close did not believe in him. And it was these brethren who did not believe, who were encouraging Jesus to depart from here and go into Judea. Perhaps they just wanted Jesus out of town for a while, for having Jesus Christ around town all the time must have been spiritually challenging for them. Perhaps they wanted the world to see and reject him. Perhaps some were even hoping the Jews would kill him.

 

So they encourage Jesus to go to Jerusalem, and perform signs and wonders there. There would surely many of Jesus disciples there, and this would be a good chance for Jesus to win back many of those who had just left him (John 6:66).

 

 

Verses 6 - 9

 

John 7:6 Then Jesus said unto them, my time is not yet come: but your time is always ready. The world cannot hate you; but it hates me because I testify of it, that its works are evil. Go you up unto this feast: I am not yet going up unto this feast; for my time is not yet fully come. When he had said these words unto them, he remained in Galilee.

 

Most of the people would have arrived at feast on the first day amidst great celebrations, and many, both friend and foe, would have been expecting and looking for Jesus. Therefore for Jesus to arrive early in the feast would have excited too much turmoil and opposition, while after a few days, most would have stopped expecting and looking for him, making it easier for him to arrive unnoticed. But for most others going to the feast, their time is always ready, for their arrival would cause no such excitement, turmoil or opposition.

 

Jesus Christ comment “for my time is not yet fully come;” was a referral to his coming crucifixion, for it would not be time for this until the feast of Passover. Therefore he remained in Galilee while his brethren went up to the feast.

 

 

Verses 10 - 13

 

John 7:10 But when his brethren had gone up, he then went up unto the feast, not openly, but as it were in secret. 11 Then the Jews sought him at the feast, and said, where is he? 12 And there was much murmuring among the people concerning him: for some said, he is a good man: others said, no; but he deceives the people. 13 However no man spoke openly of him for fear of the Jews.

 

So it was that after his brethren had gone up, Jesus also went up to the feast but not openly. The leaders of the Jews sought him, for they wanted to kill him (John 5:18 & 7:1). And there was much murmuring among the people concerning him. However no man spoke openly of him because they feared the Jewish leaders and the Pharisees whom both said they would put any out of the synagogue if they confessed Jesus was the Christ (John 9:22 & 12:42).

 

Even during the time of Jesus Christ earthly ministry, his followers faced persecution.

 

John 15:20 Remember the word that I said unto you; the bond servant is not greater than his lord. If they have persecuted me, they will also persecute you; if they have kept my sayings, they will keep yours also.

 

 

Verses 14 - 15

 

John 7:14 Now about the middle of the feast Jesus went up into the temple, and taught. 15 And the Jews marvelled, saying, how come this man knows the Scriptures, having never learned?

 

At feast time a number of rabbis would stand in the people’s court or on the steps of the temple and teach from the Scriptures. It would seem most likely Peter preached from one of these places on the Day of Pentecost. So it was when Jesus Christ went to the feast, as was his custom he stood up in a position he could both be seen and heard by a crowd and preached the gospel of the kingdom (Mark 14:49; Luke 19:47). And the Jews marvelled, saying, how come this man knows the Scriptures, having never learned?

 

Many of the Jews from Galilee would have known Jesus from when he was a young child. They would have seen him grow up, and therefore they would have known he was only home schooled and had neither been taught by any of the Rabbis or at any of their schools of learning, yet he taught as one having wisdom, authority and with sign and wonders following (Mark 1:22 & Matthew 13:54). And the Jews marvelled, wondering how can this man know and do these things?

 

How come? We know Jesus Christ had not been by taught by man to be able to do these things, because the Jews had seen him grow up amongst them. We know Jesus Christ could not do these things because he was God, because he had given up his equality with God to become just like us (Philippians 2:5 – 11).

 

Jesus Christ could do these things because God anointed him with the Holy Spirit and power, and because God was with him (Acts 10:28); and in so doing Jesus set an example for us, that we may follow in his footsteps. Also just as the Holy Spirit has come upon us with wisdom, knowledge and understanding of the Scriptures (Luke 12:12 & John 14:26), the Holy Spirit also came upon Jesus Christ at his baptism.

 

 

Verses 16 - 18

 

John 7:16 Jesus answered them, and said, my teachings are not mine, but his that sent me. 17 If any man will do his will, he shall know of these teachings, whether they are of God, or whether I speak of myself. 18 He that speaks of himself seeks his own glory: but he that seeks to bring glory to him that sent him, this man is true, and has no injustice is in him.

 

In John 6:33 – 35 Jesus Christ says that he is the bread of life sent by God. So when Jesus says my teachings are not mine, but his that sent me, he is saying my teachings are God’s teachings, he sent me to teach these things, therefore I teach with God given authority.

 

Any man that lives his life to do the will of God, is open to the hearing from Spirit of God, and when they are taught the Spirit testifies with their spirit, whether or not these teachings are of God, therefore Jesus Christ could rightly say, if any man will do his will, he shall know of these teachings, whether they are of God, or whether I speak of myself.

 

Any man that speaks of himself seeks his own glory: but he that seeks to bring glory to him that sent him, the same is true, and has no injustice is in him. If we truly seek to bring glory to God, we cannot tell a lie; but if we seek to bring glory to ourselves, we become full of pride and pride comes before the fall (Proverbs 16:18).

 

A proud man seeking his own glory, will not only lie to others about how perfect he is, he will also lie to himself, thus deceiving himself.

 

1John 1:8 If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.

 

 

Verse 19

 

John 7:19 Did not Moses give you the law, and yet none of you keeps the law? Why do you seek to kill me?

 

The scribes and the Pharisees wanted to kill Jesus; therefore they sort to accuse him of breaking the law (John 5:14 - 16).

 

Then in John 7:16; Jesus Christ then tells them that it is by God authority, who sent him, that he preaches the gospel of the kingdom and heals the sick, then Jesus accuses the scribes and the Pharisees of not keeping the law.

 

Although the scribes and the Pharisees sat on Moses seat and taught the Law of Moses to the people, none did keep the Law (Matthew 23:2 – 3). For no one is just, we all fail in some way to keep the Law of Moses as it is written, There is none justified, no, not one (Romans 3:10).

 

Then Jesus gets more specific by accusing them of seeking to kill him, for the Law of Moses clearly says you shall not kill (Exodus 20:13).

 

 

Verse 20

  

John 7:20 The people answered and said, you have a devil: who seeks to kill you?

 

John 10:20 And many of them said he has a devil, and is mad; why do you listen to him?

 

The people; meaning the scribes and the Pharisees, knowing Jesus was talking about them, yet either blind to their own sin or not willing to admit they are sinners become very indignant. Then in one breath they accuse Jesus of having a devil, and ask him who seeks to kill you?

 

Many sinners not wanting to believe and love the truth, choose instead to believe and love the lies of the devil, and therefore they become deceived because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved.

 

II Thessalonians 2:9 The wicked one’s coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders, 10 And with all injustice deception in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved. 11 For this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie: 12 So that they all might be condemned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in injustices.

 

 

Verses 21 - 24

 

John 7:21 Jesus answered and said unto them, I have done one work, and you all marvel. 22 Moses therefore gave unto you circumcision; (not because it is of Moses, but of the fathers;) and you on the Sabbath day circumcise a man. 23 If a man on the Sabbath day receive circumcision, that the law of Moses should not be broken; are you angry at me, because I have made a man completely whole on the Sabbath day? 24 Judge not according to the appearance, but judge with just judgment. 

 

Not that Jesus Christ had only done one work, but that they were only accusing him of the one work, that on a Sabbath he did heal a man who had been infirmed and unable to walk for 38 years, and at this one work they all marvelled. Having been accused of breaking the Law by healing this man on the Sabbath, Jesus then draws a parallel with the priest circumcising a man on the Sabbath. First of all Jesus points out the circumcision was not given to the Jews through Moses, but through their for fathers; for in Genesis 17:10 – 12 God made a covenant with Abraham, and as a sign of that covenant, the Children of Israel (through Abraham) are commanded to circumcise every male child on the eight day.

 

In Leviticus 12:3; the Law of Moses says that every male Child should be circumcised in the eight day.

 

But the Law of Moses also says

 

Exodus 20:8 Remember the Sabbath Day, to keep it holy. Six days shall you labour, and do all your work: 10 But the seventh day is the Sabbath of the LORD your God: in it you shall not do any work, you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your bondman, nor your bond maid, nor your cattle, nor any guest or stranger that is within your gates:

 

When the Jewish priest, on the eight day after the birth of a male child, circumcised that child on the Sabbath Day, the priest (by his actions) declared the word of God to their forefathers, was a higher authority than the Law of Mosses.

 

Similarly in Mark 10:2 – 9 Jesus Christ points out although Moses, because of the hardness of your heart allows you to write your wife a bill of divorce and put her away, this was not how it was at creation. Thus Jesus Christ puts the word of God, given to our forefathers, right back to creation, above the Law of Mosses.

 

However, because of the hardness of their heart, Moses allowed the Children of Israel to write their wife a bill of divorce and put her away. But is it just? No! Because God told our forefathers, those whom God has joined together let no man separate.

 

Therefore the Law of Moses does not supersede that which God commanded us through our forefathers, who lived before Moses.

 

The priest on the eight day after the birth of a male child, circumcise that child, even if it is on the Sabbath Day; even though the Law of Moses says you should do no work on the Sabbath. But is it just? Yes! Because God told our forefathers to circumcise every male child on the eight day.

 

So justice is a higher authority than the Law of Mosses.

 

Jesus then says; Judge not according to the appearance, but judge with just judgment. Nor was this the only occasion Jesus healed someone on the Sabbath.

 

Luke 13:16 And should not this woman, being a daughter of Abraham, whom you see has been bound by Satan eighteen years, be loosed from this bondage on the Sabbath day?

 

 

Verses 25 – 27

 

John 7:25 Then said some of them of Jerusalem, Is not this he, whom they seek to kill? 26 But, look and see, he speaks boldly, and they say nothing unto him. Do the rulers know indeed that this is truly the Christ? 27 However we know where this man comes from; but when Christ comes no man will know from where he comes.

 

A number of People were under the impression that the Jewish leaders were seeking him to kill him. But here Jesus was speaking boldly in the public areas of Jerusalem, and the leaders did nothing. Why not? Their question was this because they reasoned, the Jewish leaders truly knew he was the Christ, and therefore would not touch him.

 

Others reasoned this could not be true, because we know where this man Jesus comes from, he is from Nazareth the son of Joseph and Mary; but when Christ comes no man will know from where he comes.

 

 

Verses 28 - 29

 

John 7:28 Then Jesus cried out in the temple as he taught, saying, you both know me, and you know where I am from: and I am not come of myself, but he that sent me is true, whom you know not. 29 But I know him: for I am from him, and he has sent me.

 

By the promised gift of the Holy Spirit that came upon Jesus at his baptism of repentance (Mark 1:4 – 10 & Acts 2:38) Jesus Christ knew what the people were thinking and talking about amongst themselves. Therefore as he taught he cried out in answer to the questions on their mind.

 

Many of those who were questioning whether Jesus was the Christ, would have heard the things Jesus said in John 6:26 – 60. In that passage the emphasis was that God the Father whom is in the sky above sent Jesus down to earth; therefore Jesus can say you know where I am from: and I am not come of myself, but he that sent me is true.

 

There is only One who is truly true, and that is God. So God who sent Jesus Christ down from the sky is true. But those to whom Jesus was speaking to knew not God. But Jesus Christ knows God, for he came from God, and God sent him.

 

 

Verse 30

 

John 7:30 Then they sought to take him: but no man laid hands on him, because his hour had not yet come.

 

Then they of the Pharisees and the chief priest sought to take him (verse 32): But because it was not yet the time for Jesus Christ to crucified, no one could lay a hand on him.

 

It is not that they had neither the mind nor the will to kill Jesus, but that God is ultimately in control and it was not yet Jesus Christ time to die for the sin of the world.

 

Some would quote;

 
Ecclesiastes 3:1 To everything there is a season, and a time to every purpose under the sky: A time to be born, and a time to die; a time to plant, and a time to pull up that which is planted;

 

While I believe God has a plan for our life, which includes a time to be born and a time to die, and I believe God is well able to protect us to see that we don’t die before our time, we do also have a free will to choose whether or not we daily live our lives according to that God given plan.

 

Also while Satan does not have the power or authority to kill us (Job 2:6) he can persuade us or someone else to take actions that will lead to our death. The more we daily choose to live our lives according to God’s plan, the more likely it is we will live to the time God appointed for us to die. The more we daily reject God’s plan, the more likely it is we will die early. Nevertheless, just as there was a time on the calendar when people can say we were born, after we die, there will also be a time on the calendar when people will be able to say we died.

 

 

Verses 31 - 32

 

John 7:31 And many of the people believed in him, and said, when Christ comes; will he do more miracles than these which this man has done? 32 The Pharisees heard that the people murmured such things concerning him; and the Pharisees and the chief priests sent officers to take him.

 

Many of the people having seen the miracles Jesus Christ had done, and heard what he said, believed that Jesus was the Christ. The Pharisees, who mixed more freely with the people than the chief priests heard the people talking about Jesus the Christ having come from God above, went and reported these things to the chief priests; who then sent officers to take Jesus.

 

 

Verses 33 – 34.

 

John 7:33 Then said Jesus unto them, for a little while longer I am with you, and then I go unto him that sent me. 34 You shall seek me, and shall not find me: and where I am going, there you cannot come.

 

Here Jesus Christ is not just speaking to the officers whom the chief priest had sent, but to all those Jews who did not believe in Him. Saying unto them that only for a little while longer I am with you, and then I go unto him that sent me.

 

Early on; Jesus Christ had said to them I am the living bread which came down from the sky (John 6:51); and What if you shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was before (John 6:62)? So Jesus is telling them I am about to ascend back to the sky.

 

Jesus could have been letting the officers know, that He would not be with them much longer, therefore they better act fast while they could still find him, but then Jesus knew his time had not yet come, and would not come until the time of Passover in six months time.

 

Jesus Christ looking ahead to his coming death on the cross says; You shall seek me, and shall not find me: and where I am going, there you cannot come.

 

Also Jesus Christ is looking ahead in time, to the comings destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans in 70 A.D.; a time when those Jews who would not believe in Jesus Christ, will seek an all conquering Messiah; to deliver them from the armies of Rome.

 

Matthew 23:39 For I tell you, you will not see me again, until you say, 'Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord.'"

 

 

Verses 35-36

 

John 7:35 Then said the Jews among themselves, where will he go, that we shall not find him? Will he go unto the Jews dispersed among the Greeks, and teach the Greeks? 36 What is he talking about saying; you shall seek me, and shall not find me: and where I am, there you cannot come?

 

Spiritual blindness had already come upon those Jews who did not believe, therefore the truth was hidden from them (Matthew 13:9-17). Over the years, many Jews had been scattered and dispersed among the nations, sometimes referred to as the Greeks; so they ask, Will he go unto the Jews dispersed among the Greeks, and teach the Greeks? But they are confused because they have no understanding of the mysteries of the kingdom.

 

 

Verses 37-39

 

John 7:37 In the last day, the great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink. 38 He that has faith in me, as the Scripture has said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water. 39 (Jesus spoke this of the Spirit, which they that have faith him should receive: for the Holy Spirit had not yet been given; because Jesus was not yet glorified.)

 

See comments on John 4:13-14.

 

 

Verses 40-43

 

John 7:40 Therefore many of the people, when they heard this saying, said, truly this is the Prophet. 41 Others said this is the Christ, but some said shall Christ come out of Galilee? 42 Has not the Scripture said that Christ comes of the seed of David, and out of the town of Bethlehem, where David was? 43 So there was a division among the people because of him,

 

Many believed Jesus was the Prophet (Mat 16:44 & Deu 18:15). Others said he was the Christ, while others knowing he was brought up in Galilee, pointed out that the Scriptures said the Christ comes of the seed of David, and out of the town of Bethlehem(Mic 5:2).

 

Therefore there was a division among the people because of him.

 

 

Verses 44-46 

 

John 7:44 and some of them would have taken him; but no man laid hands on him. 45 Then the officers came to the chief priests and Pharisees; and they said unto them; why have you not brought him? 46 The officers answered, never as a man spoken like this man.

 

Although there were those who did not believe Jesus was the Christ, and wanted to violently drag Jesus off to the Sanhedrim as an imposter and blasphemer to be tried and judged, no man laid hands on him. Their reasons for not laying hold of Jesus may have been many, but ultimately it was not yet Jesus Christ time to die for the sins of the world. Therefore when the chief priest and Pharisees question them has to why they had not brought Jesus to them, they made excuses.

 

 

Verses 47-48

 

John 7:47 Then the Pharisees answered them. Are you also deceived? 48 Have any of the rulers or of the Pharisees believed in him?

 

The Pharisees accused them of being deceived, and pointing out that none of the rulers or Pharisees believed in him; which was not true, for some like Nicodemus believed.

 

 

Verse 49

 

John 7:49 But this people who know not the law are cursed.

 

Meaning the multitude who did not know all the laws the Scribes and Pharisees had added to the Law thus imposed heavy burdens upon the people, for which Jesus Christ rebukes the Scribes and Pharisees (Matthew 23:2-4).

 

 

Verses 50-51

 

John 7:50 Nicodemus said unto them, (he that came to Jesus by night, being one of them,) 51 Does our law judge any man, before it hears him, and know what he does?

 

Nicodemus points out that according to the Law all man should have a fair hearing before he can be judged (Lev 19:15-16; Exo 23:1-2; Deu 19:15 & 18).

 

 

Verses 52-53

 

 

John 7:52 They answered and said unto him, are you not also of Galilee? Search and look: for no prophets arises out of Galilee. 53 Then every man went unto his own house.

 

But it was the Scribes and Pharisees who failed to Search the Scriptures correctly or they chose to ignore them; for in Isaiah 9:1 it is prophesied that the Messiah will come from Galilee.

 

Matthew 4:14 That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Isaiah the prophet, saying, 15 The land of Zebulun, and the land of Nephtali, by the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles (Isa 9:1).

 

Written by Kenneth Allan Clark and printed and published by

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