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THE GOSPEL of JOHN Part 1. - Chapter 6.

 

 

COMMENTARY on

 

THE GOSPEL OF JOHN Chapter 6.

 

 Verses 1 – 2
 

John 6:1 After these things Jesus went over the sea of Galilee, which is the sea of Tiberius. And a great multitude followed him, because they saw his miracles which he did on them that were diseased.

 

After the things that are mentioned in chapter 5, Jesus and his disciples returned to Galilee, where they crossed over the Sea of Galilee, also known as the Sea of Tiberius. A multitude followed Jesus Christ, some on boats, but most would have probably made the journey on foot or donkey around the lake. For most, the reason they followed him was because they had seen the miracles he had performed on those who were sick and lame. Many brought their sick with them to be healed, for others it was a curiosity; some may have even thought he was the Messiah, the One who was to redeem Israel.

 

Verses 3 – 4

 

John 6:3 And Jesus went up into a mountain, and there he sat with his disciples. And the Passover, a feast of the Jews, was near.

 

Jesus and his disciples went to a deserted place and up a mountain to be alone away from the crowds; partly because Jesus wanted time alone with his disciples to talk and rest. It is very possible that Jesus having just heard that King Herod, who had killed John the Baptist was looking for him (Mark 6:14 – 30 & Luke 9:7 – 10), decided it would be safer to go to a deserted place on the other side of the Lake for a while, and going up to a high place would be safer, in that he could see anyone coming from a distance. However the crowds seeing them leave followed them on foot, and as the people past through the cities, others also went together with them unto Jesus. (Mark 6:31 – 33 & Luke 9:10).

 

In John 2:23 we are told that Jesus Christ was in Jerusalem for the Passover Feast. Then when we get to John 6:3 we are told that the Passover Feast was near. So we can assume that almost a year has gone past between John 2:23 and John 6:3.

 

Verses 5 – 6

 

John 6:5 When Jesus then lifted up his eyes, and saw a great company had come unto him, and he said unto Philip, Where shall we buy bread, that these may eat? He said this to test him: for he already knew what he would do.

 

While up upon the mountain talking with his disciples, Jesus lifted his eyes, and saw a great company had come to him.

 

In Mark’s account of that day it says;

 

Mark 6:34 And Jesus, when he came out, saw much people, and was moved with compassion toward them, because they were as sheep not having a shepherd: and he began to teach them many things.

 

Nine times in the gospels we read that Jesus Christ was moved with compassion towards people, and as a result of that compassion Jesus meet their need (Mathew 9:36; 14:14; 15:32; 20:34; Mark 1:41; 5:19; 6:34; 8:2; Luke 7:13). In the parable of the Good Samaritan the Samaritan was moved with compassion when he came across the man who had fallen among thieves, and Jesus tells us, we are to go and do likewise (Luke 10:33 – 37). And it was because of his compassion and his concerned for the people, that they would have to go away hungry that Jesus says to Philip, Where shall we buy bread for these to eat? Jesus this to test Philip, for Jesus already knew what he would do.

 

Verse 7

 

John 6:7 Philip answered him, two hundred denarii worth of bread would not be sufficient for to every one of them to receive a little.

 

A denarii was the equivalent of a Day’s pay (Mathew 20:2), so two hundred denarii equivalent to eight months wage. Philip answer tells us, that it was not that they never had the money to pay for bread to feed them all, but put the question, should we, or do we really want to spend that much money on bread to feed these people. Why even if we spent two hundred denarii, even that would not purchase sufficient for everyone to have even a little bread.

 

Two hundred denarii sounds too much of a mice round figure to say this was all the money they had, but it was a mice round figure to emphasis the cost of feeding such a large number of people.

 

Verses 8 – 11

 

John 6:8 One of his disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, said unto him, 9 There is a lad here, who has five barley loaves, and two small fishes: but what are they among so many? 10 Then Jesus said, Make the men sit down. Now there was much grass in the place. So the men sat down, in number about five thousand. 11 Then Jesus took the loaves; and when he had given thanks, he distributed to the disciples, and the disciples to them that were sat down; and likewise of the fishes as much as they desired.

 

Mathew 14:19 And he commanded the multitude to sit down on the grass, and took the five loaves, and the two fishes, and looking up to sky, he blessed, and brake, and gave the loaves to his disciples, and the disciples to the multitude.

 

Philip, Andrew and his brother Peter were all from Bethsaida, therefore most likely close friends from early childhood. The three of them and Jesus were together discussing their concerns for the people.

 

Jesus Christ said;

 

Matthew 18:19 Again I say unto you, that if two of you shall agree on earth concerning anything that they shall ask, it shall be done for them of my Father which is in the sky. 20 For where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them.

 

So the ingredients were all here for a miracle; three children of God gathered together in the name of Jesus, with a concern and a compassion for the meads of the people; and there Jesus Christ the Son of God stood in the midst of them. But Jesus Christ had given up his deity to become just like us (Philippians 2:5 – 7), born into this world as a child of God, then at his baptism the Holy Spirit came upon him and Father God declared over him, this is by beloved Son, in him I am well please (Matthew 3:16 -17).

 

From that day Jesus was no longer the Christ child but now he was the Son of God, and being filled with all power and authority went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed by the devil because God was with him (Act 10:37 – 38).

 

Jesus takes the bread, looking up to the Father in the sky he blesses the bread. What is Jesus doing here? He is not just blessing the bread to his own body; he is blessing it to the multitude. To put it simply he is by faith asking the Father to feed the multitude, and the Father hears his prayer and feeds the multitude through the disciples, the body of Christ.

 

At this point in time Jesus has become just like us, he has been baptized in water for repentance. Not that Jesus needed to repent, but in going through the waters of baptism for repentance, he set an example for us to follow. Then the promise of the Holy Spirit came upon him with all power and authority, and just as God’s word declares we are his son at our baptism, so Jesus Christ was declared the Son of God at his baptism (Act 2:38 – 39; Galatians 3:26 – 27 & Mathew 3:16 - 17). After which just like us, Jesus could work God given miracles.

 

When Jesus spoke and worked miracles, it was not Jesus but God the Father speaking and working through him. When we fully submit ourselves to God, it is not we who speak and work miracles, it is Christ working through us (John 14:10 – 14).

 

John 14:12 Truly, truly, I say unto you, he that believes in me, the works that I do, he shall also do; and greater works than these shall he do; because I go unto my Father. 13 And whatsoever you shall ask in my name, that will I do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son. 14 If you shall ask any thing in my name, I will do it.

 

Thus it was that disciples by faith in the name Jesus Christ worked miracles, feeding the multitude and giving all the glory to God the Son.

 

 

Verses 12 - 13

 

John 6:12 When they were filled, he said unto his disciples, Gather up the fragments that remain, that nothing be lost. 13 Therefore they gathered them together, and filled twelve baskets with the fragments of the five barley loaves, which were left over by them who had eaten.

 
Here are a number of lessons here.

 

1: We cannot out give God; the more we give to those in need and for the extension of the kingdom of God, even when it means going without ourselves, the more God will give unto us.

 

Luke 6:38 Give, and it shall be given unto you; good measure, pressed down, and shaken together, and running over, shall men give into your bosom. For with the same measure that you measure out to others it shall be measured back to you.

 

The little boy gave five small barley loaves, enough to feed one little boy; but after Jesus Christ had blessed it and the disciple had feed the five thousand as much as they desired, he received back from the Lord twelve full baskets of bread. That is a great return for small investment. The little boy gave all he had; he was willing to go hungry to give to God and the kingdom; and God gave back more than he could ever imagine.

 

After they had all eaten as much as they desired, Jesus commanded the fragments of bread that were left over to be gather up.

 

2: God has an infinite supply at his disposal. Or should I say, through Jesus Christ, by faith in God we have an infinite supply at our disposal, to do God’s will.

 

3: When God give us abundance, don’t under value the blessings of God. Don’t waste any of it. If God has given you abundantly more than you could ever use; chances are he wants you to use it to bless others and bring glory to his name.

 

 

Verses 14 – 15

 

John 6:14 Then those men, when they had seen the miracle that Jesus did, said this is truly that prophet who is coming into the world. 15 Therefore Jesus perceiving that they would come and take him by force, to make him a king, he departed again to the mountain by himself.

 

Moses had foretold of a prophet, the Messiah who was coming into the world (Deu18:15 & Acts 3:22). John the Baptist declared that Jesus was the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world (John 1:29) and also that Jesus was the Son of God (John 1:34). Most of these people who gathered to Jesus Christ that day had either seen or heard of the miracles that God had worked through Jesus; and they had come to see the miracles for themselves, that they may know for sure, if truly Jesus was that prophet spoken of by Mosses coming into the world.

 

But the eyes of their heart were not on the kingdom of God, but on an earthly kingdom of Israel. They wanted an earthly king like all the other nations of the world; they wanted to free themselves from their oppressor Rome and to become the rulers of the kingdoms of the world. They like their forefathers, wanted to reject God as their king and rise up a man from amongst their own brethren to be their king (1 Samuel 8:1 – 9).

 

Therefore, Jesus perceiving the evil of their hearts and that they intended to take him by force, to make him a king, he departed again to the mountain by himself.

 

 

Verses 16 – 18

 

John 6:16 When evening came, his disciples went down unto the sea, 17 and entered into a ship, and went over the sea toward Capernaum. It was now dark, and Jesus had not come to them. 18 And the sea arose by reason of a great wind that blew.

 

The language of Mathew 14:5 tell us they sat down to eat in the evening, meaning late afternoon. While John writes in John 6:16 (Using a different Greek word) when evening came, meaning at night fall, his disciples went down unto the sea. There they entered into a ship, most likely an open fishing boat, and began to cross over the Sea of Galilee towards Capernaum. Jesus had not come with them, it was now dark and because a great wind blew, the sea arose and became rough.

 

 

Verses 19 – 21

 

John 6:19 So when they had rowed about twenty five to thirty furlongs, they saw Jesus walking on the sea, and drawing near unto the ship: and they were afraid. 20 But he said unto them, it is I; be not afraid. 21 Then they willingly received him into the ship: and immediately the ship was at the land where they were going.

 

Because the wind was against them they could not use the sail, instead they had to row most of the night making little progress, about twenty five to thirty furlongs (3 – 4 miles or 5 – 6 kilometres), only about one third of their journey, when Jesus came to them during the fourth watch of the night (Matt 24:25), which is between 3 and 6 o’clock in the morning. They had only rowed something like four miles in eight hours.

 

Then Jesus drew near unto the ship: and they were afraid, for they thought him to be a ghost (Matt 14:26). But when Jesus spoke saying, “It is I; be not afraid.” Then they willingly received him into the ship: and immediately the ship was at the land where they were going.

 

When we leave Jesus and try and do things in our own strength, the going can get tough. It can seem that everything is against us; instead being blown along by the wind of the Holy Spirit, the storms of life blow against us, bringing us almost to a standstill. We become afraid and begin to see things negatively. They thought Jesus was a ghost, then Jesus Christ calls out, “It is I; be not afraid.” Then we recognize the voice of Jesus and invite him back into our lives (John 10:27). Then with Jesus back in our lives, problems that seemed to take forever to overcome, battling against the storms of life, are very quickly, if not immediately overcome and placed behind us.

 

So it was after battling the wind and the sea all night, the disciples invited Jesus Christ aboard their ship, and immediately they were on the other side of the lake.

 


Verses 22 – 25

 

John 6:22 The day following, when the people which remained on the other side of the sea, knowing there had been no other boat there, except the one his disciples had entered, and that Jesus had not gone with his disciples into the boat, but that his disciples had gone away alone. 23 (Then there came other boats from Tiberias near to the place where they did eat bread, after the Lord had given thanks:) 24 When the people therefore saw that Jesus was not there, neither his disciples, they also took to boats, and came to Capernaum, seeking for Jesus. 25 And when they had found him on the other side of the sea, they said unto him, Rabbi, when did you come here?

 

A number of people after eating the bread observed that Jesus remained on the shore, while his disciples got in the boat and left for the other side of the lake. Most of these people, knowing Jesus had not left with his disciples, remained hoping to see more of Jesus Christ in the morning. Also others came by boat from Tiberias to near where the where the multitude eat bread. In the morning, when the people could not find Jesus, they all took to boats and came to Capernaum, seeking Jesus.

 

Finding Jesus they said to him, Rabbi, when did you come here?

 

The people were bewildered and confused, they did not understand now Jesus had got from one side of the lake to the other.

 

 

Verse 26 – 27

 

John 6:26 Jesus answered them and said, Truly, truly, I say unto you, You seek me, not because you saw the miracles, but because you did eat of the loaves, and were filled. 27 Labour not for the meat which perishes, but for that meat which endures unto everlasting life, which the Son of man shall give unto you: for him has God the Father sealed.

 

Jesus answers them, not by answering their curiosity, but by answering the issues of their hart. Yesterday the great multitude followed him, because they saw his miracles which he did on them that were diseased (John 6:1), and they brought their sick to be healed. After Jesus had preached to them and healed their sick, having compassion on them he performed a miracle by feeding the multitude with just five small loaves of bread.

 

John 6:14 Then those men, when they had seen the miracle that Jesus did, said this is truly that prophet who is coming into the world. 15 Therefore Jesus perceiving that they would come and take him by force, to make him a king, he departed again to the mountain by himself.

 

These men had their eyes firmly fixed on the temporal things of earth, food, healing and the restoration of the earthly kingdom of Israel. So Jesus Christ counsels and not to labour for that which perishes, but for that which endures unto everlasting life, which the Son of man shall give unto you: for him has God the Father sealed.

 
The Son of man, Jesus Christ has been sealed by God the Father. That is saying God the Father has approved, given authority and commissioned Jesus Christ to give that which endures unto everlasting life.

 

 

Verse 28 – 29

 

John 6:28 Then said they unto him, “What shall we do, that we might work the works of God?” 29 Jesus answered and said unto them, “This is the work of God that you believe on him whom he has sent.”

 

These people had been brought up under a works mentality, a belief not in justification by faith, but in justification by works. So their question is “What shall we do, that we might work the works of God?”

It is written;

 

Isaiah 64:6 But we have all become as an unclean, and all our justification is as filthy rags; and we all wilt as a leaf; and our perversities, like the wind, have taken us away.

 

All our works to achieve justification are as filthy rags, so what works can we do to achieve the gaol of justification?

 

Jesus Christ answer to this question is, “This is the work of God that you believe on him whom he has sent.” Why? Because only by believing in Jesus Christ can we achieve the goal of justification; for we cannot achieve this goal by the works of the law.

 

Romans 10:4 For Christ is the end of the law for justification to everyone that believes.

 

 

Verses 30 – 31

 

John 6:30 They said therefore unto him, What sign will you show then, that we may see, and believe you? What work do you do? 31 Our fathers did eat manna in the desert; as it is written, He gave them bread from the sky to eat.

 

Those Jews, who the day before, had flocked to Jesus Christ for the healing of their sick, and had miraculously been feed; were again seeking Jesus Christ because they believed he was the Christ. But now other Jews, who did not believe, had come to spread their doubt and unbelief.

 

These Jews credited Moses for daily providing bread from the sky, for all Israel, for forty years in the wilderness, therefore they believed in the law of God, as written by Moses. Compared to this miracle Jesus Christ miracle of providing one meal for a few thousand was nothing. So they ask Jesus “What sign will you show then, that we may see, and believe you? What work do you do?”

 

 

Verse 32

 

John 6:32 Then Jesus said unto them, Truly, truly, I say unto you, Moses did not give you that bread from the sky; but my Father gives you the true bread from the sky.

 

Jesus rightly says that Moses did not give you bread from the sky.

 

1: For Moses had no hand in supplying or giving of the bread from the sky; he did not even pray for it, it was all God’s idea and the work of God’s hands.

 

2: For the bread God gave in the wilderness was still earthly, in that it only sustained the earthly body, and all who ate of the bread (except two) died in the wilderness.

 

 

Verses 33 – 34

 

John 6:32b But my Father gives you the true bread from the sky. 33 For the bread of God is he which comes down from the sky, and gives life unto the world.

 

The day before Jesus Christ had feed thousands with earthly bread. For the forty years in the wilderness God feed all Israel with earthly bread. I say earthly bread, because both the bread with which Jesus feed the thousands and the bread with which God feed the nation of Israel only feed and sustained the earthly body of man; it did not feed and sustain the spiritual man.

 

But God the

 

Father gives to you the true bread from the sky, for the bread of God is he which comes down from the sky.

 

The bread of God is he! The bread of God is a person, which comes down from the sky.

 

This true bread is he who comes down from the sky; he will not only feed the earthly bodies of all Israel, he is capable of feeding and sustaining the spiritual lives of all mankind. That is to say, the true bread from the sky gives life to all people of all the nations of the world.

 

John 3:13 No man has ascended up to the sky, other than he who came down from the sky, the Son of man which is in the sky.

 

Up unto the time of Jesus Christ earthly ministry, no man had ascended up to the sky, other than he (Jesus Christ) who came down from the sky, the Son of man which is in the sky

 

Not that they understood, but that they longed to live forever;

 

John 6:34 Then they said unto him, Lord, for evermore give us this bread.

 

 

Verses 35 - 36

 

John 6:35 And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that comes to me shall never hunger; and he that believes in me shall never thirst. 36 But I said unto you, that you also have seen me, and believe not.

 

Just as our physical body needs earthly bread and water or it will die; so also our spiritual being needs spiritual bread and water or it will die. Jesus Christ is the bread of life (John 3:35) and through Jesus Christ we receive living water (John 4:14).

 

Jesus Christ is the Word become flesh (John 1:1 & 14). Therefore when read, believe and take the Word of God into our being, we partake of the bread of life.

 

Jesus Christ says;

 

John 15:5 I am the vine, you are the branches, he that dwells in me, and I in him, the same brings forth much fruit: for without me you can do nothing. 6 If a man does not dwell in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast them into the fire, and they are burned.

 

The branches receive their bread and water by dwelling in the vine, and the life within, the bread and water flow from the vine, through the branches and out to where it produces much fruit.

 

If we believe the words of Jesus Christ and dwell in him, like the branches we will receive the bread of life and living water from Christ and we will never hunger or thirst.

 

But among those who questioned Jesus Christ that day, there were many who had heard the words of Jesus and seen the miracles and still they did not believe.

 

 

Verse 37

 

John 6:37 All that the Father gives me shall come to me; and him that comes to me I will by no means cast out.

 

John 1:10 He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not. 11 He came unto his own, and his own received him not. 12 But as many as received him, to them he gave the right to become the children of God, to them that believe in his name: 13 who were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.

 

Ever since God created the sky and the earth He was in the world. That is to say the Word was dwelling amongst the people of the world. And although the people of the world were made by him, the world knew him not.

 

4,000 years after creation He, the Word, came unto his own, those who were of his own earthly flesh and blood, the Jews, and his own received him not. But as many as received him, to them he gave the right to become the children of God, to them that believe in his name.

 

John 3:16 For God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believes in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

 

If we receive Jesus Christ and believe in him we receive the right to become children of God.

 

When we believe and received Jesus Christ the Son of God, in an instant we not only we receive the right to become a child of God, we also so are given to Christ and we come to Christ. Having come to Christ he will by no means cast us out of the kingdom of God. Neither shall any man or demon pluck us out of the hand of Jesus Christ (John 10:28).

 

But just as we choose to come to Jesus by our own free will, we can also after our deliverance choose to reject Jesus, turn our back on him and jump out of his hand and fall away into eternal damnation.

 

Hebrews 6:4 For it is impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the gift from the sky, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost, And have tasted the good word of God, and the powers of the world to come, If they shall fall away, to renew them again unto repentance; seeing they crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh, and expose him to shame.

 

 

Verses 38 - 39

 

John 6:38 For I have come down from the sky, not to do my own will, but the will of him that sent me. 39 And this is the will of the Father who has sent me, that of all which he has given me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the Last Day.

 

In the beginning because of his divine nature, God the Son like God the Father and God the Holy Spirit, filled both sky and earth, thus he was everywhere. But when the time came for the Son of God to come down from the sky to dwell on earth as a man, he gave up his divine nature to become just like us expect he remained without an inherited sin nature.

 

The Son of man came not to do his own will, but the will of God the Father who sent him.

 

John 5:30 I can of mine own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge: and my judgment is just; because I seek not mine own will, but the will of the Father which has sent me.

 

Jesus Christ of himself does nothing (John 5:19), as he hears from his Father so he judges (John 8:26), the Father shows the Son all things that he does, and the Son does likewise (John 5:20), the Son does not live according to his own will, but according to the Father’s will (Luke 22:42).

 

Adam the first man on earth was created not to seek his own will, but to do the will of the Father who created him. However by choosing to live his life according to his own will he fell short of the mark and sin entered into mankind, and with sin came the law of sin and death.

 

However the Son of God came to earth in the flesh, not to seek his own will, but the will of the Father which has sent him. And it was the will of God the Father that Son of God be sacrificed upon the cross to become the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world (John 1:29).

 

Romans 8:1 Therefore there is now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has made me free from the law of sin and death.

 

Therefore, in accordance with God the Father’s will, on the Last Day, Christ will raise up to eternal life, all that the Father as given him.

 

 

Verse 40

 

John 6:40 And this is the will of him that sent me, that everyone who sees the Son, and believes in him, shall have everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last day.

 

Who has the Father given to the Son of God? Everyone who sees the Son and believes in him. It is not just enough to see Jesus Christ, to witness the miracles he performed and believe these things really happened. Even the devils have seen these things, believe and tremble with fear. (James 2:19). Many Jews also saw these things and believed, but only few were given to Jesus Christ and became his disciples.

 

There is a big difference in believing in the reality of Jesus Christ and believing in Jesus Christ to the extent that you become one with Christ in mind and spirit; allowing the Spirit of Christ within you to take over your whole life and being.

 

1 Corinthians 6:19 What? Know you not that your body is the temple of the Holy Spirit which is in you, which you have of God, and you are not your own? 20 For you are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's.

 

In Romans 1:1 Paul calls himself a bond servant of Jesus Christ. A bond servant is someone who voluntarily sells himself or gives himself as a slave to another. We once served as slaves to sin, but once we heard and believed that Jesus Christ by his death on the cross had purchased our freedom from sin, we voluntarily gave ourselves to Christ, as bond servants of justification.

 

 

Verses 41 - 42

 

John 6:41 The Jews then murmured at him, because he said, I am the bread which came down from the sky. 42 And they said, is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How is it then that he said, I came down from the sky?

 

The Jews, now realizing that Jesus spoke of himself being the bread that came down from the sky, murmured at him arguing, is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? The elders amongst then had seen Jesus grow up in their mist; also they knew his father Joseph and had seen his mother Mary great with child. How is it then that he said, I came down from the sky? Because they longed for the things of this world, they did not have eyes to see nor ears to hear the things of the kingdom; therefore they could not understand or perceive the things of the kingdom.

 

 

Verse 43

 

John 6:43 Jesus therefore answered and said unto them, murmur not among yourselves.

 

Jesus Christ the man, being filled with the Holy Spirit, and therefore by the gift of the word of knowledge, knowing what they were murmuring about, rebukes them for not believing and murmuring among themselves.

 

 

Verse 44

 

John 6:44 No man can come to me, except the Father who has sent me draws him: and I will raise him up at the last day.

 

John 6:35 And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that comes to me shall never hunger; and he that believes in me shall never thirst. 36 But I said unto you, that you also have seen me, and believe not.

 

Most of the people of the world have no interest in the things of the kingdom, but those who catch a glimpse of and long for the things of the kingdom, the Father draws him by the Holy Spirit to Jesus Christ. He that comes to Jesus Christ and believes in him shall never hunger nor thirst. So there is a drawing to Jesus, the Fathers role, and coming and believing, our role. Then on the Last Day, Jesus Christ will raise up all those who have been drawn by the Father and believe.

 

The term “the Last Day” is used seven times in the Good News According to John; four times in chapter six. This is a reference to prophecy given to us through the writings of Daniel.

 

In Daniel chapter 12 we are told of a coming time when everyone whose name is written in the book of life shall be delivered. On that day many who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake; some to everlastings life and some to shame and everlasting contempt.

 

Then Daniel is told; from the time the daily sacrifice is taken away and the abomination that makes desolate is placed in the temple, there will be 1,290 days plus 1,335 days, then he that is waiting (for the coming of the Messiah and the deliverance of God’s people) shall be blessed (with everlasting life).

 

Finally Daniel is told that he to shall die and his body laid to rest. Then at the end of days, he shall be raised to receive his inheritance. (This phrase, “the end of days” in translated into the New Testament as “the Last Day”).

 


Verse 45

 

John 6:45 It is written in the prophets, they shall be all taught of God. Every man therefore that has heard, and has learned from the Father, comes unto me.

 

Isaiah 54:13 And all your children shall be taught of the LORD; and great shall be the peace of your children.

 

Here we can see the importance of preaching and teaching the word of God unto all man; for it is only those who have both heard and learned from the Father, who will come unto Jesus Christ.

 

Jeremiah 31:31 Look and see, the days come, says the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: 32 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, says the LORD: 33 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, says the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people. 34 And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, says the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.

 

Under the Old Covenant, which was in effect from Mosses unto the earthly ministry of Jesus Christ; God took his people and lead them by hand, appointing priest who were their brothers and neighbours teach them to know the LORD. But under the New Covenant the Spirit of God comes and dwelt within us and writes the law in our hearts, thus God becomes our God and we become his people. Therefore no longer do we require our brother or neighbour to teach us to know the LORD, for now we know him, because he lives within us. And the Spirit within us tells us of the love the Father and the Son have towards us, and this love draws us to Christ.

 

 

Verse 46

 

John 6:46 Not that any man has seen the Father, except he which is from God, he has seen the Father.

 

John 1:18 No man has seen God at any time, however the only begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father. He has declared him.

 

Yes, in the beginning before Word gave up his equality with God to become just like us; the Word by his own eyes and ears could both see and hear God. This is something no man can do. Therefore no man has seen the Father, except he which is from God, only he has seen the Father.

 

However, during his earthly ministry, Jesus Christ, having being filled by the Holy Spirit, by the Spirit could both see what God the Father was doing and hear his voice. Therefore by the Holy Spirit which dwelt in him, Jesus Christ was one with the Father and knew God. In the same way, you and I, who have been filled by the Holy Spirit, can both see what God is doing and hear his voice and know God.

 

Verse 47

 

John 6:40 And this is the will of him that sent me, that everyone who sees the Son, and believes in him, shall have everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last day.

 

John 6:47 Truly, truly, I say unto you, he that believes in me has everlasting life. 48 I am that bread of life.

 

How do we see and hear the Son of God? By the Holy Spirit who dwells within us, we see him with our spiritual eyes and hear him with our spiritual hears, and we also see the manifestation of his good works through other believers, and he that believes in Christ has everlasting life .

 
For just as bread and water are the basic necessities, that maintain the life to our mortal body; so Christ is the basic necessity, that maintains our spiritual body and gives everlasting life to our soul. Therefore Christ is the bread of everlasting life.

 

 

Verses 49 - 51

 

John 6:49 Your fathers did eat manna in the wilderness, and are dead. 50 This is the bread which comes down from the sky, so any man may eat of it, and not die. 51 I am the living bread which came down from the sky; if any man eats of this bread, he shall live forever, and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.

 

Even though we may eat all the earthly bread our body desires, our earthly body will still one day die. All who ate manna in the wilderness, died. But if we eat of Christ, who is the living bread come down from the sky, we will live forever, for the bread Jesus Christ gives is his flesh, which he gave for the life of the world.

 

John 1:29 The next day John sees Jesus coming unto him, and said, Look and see the Lamb of God, which takes away the sin of the world.

 

The Jews were required to sacrifice one lamb per house whole, once a year to cover their sins. But Jesus Christ the Lamb of God was sacrificed once for all, for all time to take away the sin, not just of one house whole, but for the whole world.

 

John 3:16 For God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believes in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

 

On that first Passover, death passed over each house whole that ate of their lamb. The bread Jesus gave is his flesh, and when we believe and eat of his flesh, we receive eternal life.

 

 

Verse 52

 

John 6:52 The Jews therefore disputed among themselves, saying, how can this man give us his flesh to eat?

 
Many either did not understand or want to believe; therefore they quarrelled and disputed among themselves.

 

Matthew 13:9 He who has ears to hear, let him hear. 10 Then the disciples came, and said unto him, why do you speak unto them in parables? 11 He answered and said unto them, because it is given unto you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of the sky, but unto them it is not given.

12 For whoever has, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance: but whoever has not, from him shall be taken away even that he has. 13 Therefore I speak to them in parables: because they seeing see not; and hearing they hear not, neither do they understand. 14 And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Isaiah which says, By hearing you shall hear, and shall not understand; and seeing you shall see, and shall not perceive: 15 For this people's heart is fat, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes they have closed; lest at any time they should see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and should understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them. 16 But blessed are your eyes, for they see: and your ears, for they hear. 17 For surely I say unto you, that many prophets and just men have desired to see those things which you see, and have not seen them; and to hear those things which you hear, and have not heard them.

 

In the parable of the sower we are told seed (representing the word of God) is immediately devoured by the birds (representing Satan) Mark 4:4 & 4:15.

 

Many of the Jews who did not want to believe, became possessed by Satan’s evil spirits; which like the birds, they came to take the good seed of the word of God away.

 

 

Verse 53 - 56

 

1 Corinthians 10:1 Moreover, brethren, I would not that you should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; And did all eat the same spiritual meat; And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ. But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness.

 

John 6:32 Then Jesus said unto them, Truly, truly, I say unto you, Moses did not give you that bread from the sky; but my Father gives you the true bread from the sky. 33 For the bread of God is he which comes down from the sky, and gives life unto the world. 34 Then they said unto him, Lord, for evermore give us this bread. 35 And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that comes to me shall never hunger; and he that believes in me shall never thirst.

 

The bread and the water God supplied in the wilderness was a type picture (a parable) of Jesus Christ who is both the true bread from the sky and the source of the water of life. For the bread and water they received in the wilderness only sustained the earthly body of flesh for a season, but true bread of Christ body and waters of life that flow through Christ sustain us for all eternity.

 

Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that comes to me shall never hunger; and he that believes in me shall never thirst (Verse 35). Unless we come to Jesus Christ, we cannot eat of the bread of life, and unless we believe we cannot drink of the water of life. Just as it is necessary for us to both eat and drink of natural food to sustain and keep our flesh body alive, so it is necessary for us to both eat of the body of Christ, and partake of the water of life that flows through Christ to sustain our spiritual life.

 

Then in verse 51 Jesus adds a twist to the type picture (the parable), and soon Jesus Christ is no longer talking of body being the bread of life through which we receive the water of life; now Christ is declaring the bread to be his body of flesh, and his blood to be drink.

 

John 6:51 I am the living bread which came down from the sky; if any man eats of this bread, he shall live forever, and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.

 

John 6:53 Then Jesus said unto them, truly, truly, I say unto you, except you eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, you have no life in you. 54 Who ever eats my flesh, and drinks my blood, has eternal life; and I will raise him up at the last day. 55 For my flesh is meat indeed, and my blood is drink indeed. 56 He that eats my flesh, and drinks my blood, dwells in me, and I in him.

 

1 Corinthians 10:16 The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?

 

At the time of the first Passover, on the 10th day of the month, the children of Israel took a lamb, one lamb per household. Then after the lamb had dwelt with them, on the 14th day of the month the lamb was put to death, they eat the flesh of the lamb and sprinkled the blood of the lamb upon the two side post and the lintel of the door way into the house in which they did eat it (Exodus 12:7). This they did as a substitution of the death of their first born, so that the plague of death would Passover the house.

 

This is a type picture (a parable) of the Word who was God and is God, who became flesh; the Passover Lamb who dwelt among us. The Word became flesh (John 1:14). And Jesus declares that he is the living bread and bread he gives is his flesh.

 

John 6:49 Your fathers did eat manna in the wilderness, and are dead. 50 This is the bread which comes down from the sky, so any man may eat of it, and not die. 51 I am the living bread which came down from the sky; if any man eats of this bread, he shall live forever, and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.

 

Who became flesh? The Word became flesh. When Jesus Christ gives us of his flesh, he gives us the Word. Just as the natural body daily requires earthly bread to sustain life, the spiritual body daily requires Jesus Christ the Word to sustain eternal life.

 

In the wilderness, the spiritual Rock which followed was also a type picture of Christ. When Mosses struck the Rock water flowed from the Rock. So in the wilderness the children of Israel partook off both bread from the sky and water from the Rock to sustain their earthly bodies. When Jesus Christ became flesh and was nailed to the cross, he was struck and blood flowed from his side (John 19:34).

 

What is in the blood?

 

Leviticus 17:10 And whatsoever man of the house of Israel, or of the strangers who sojourn among you, who eats any manner of blood, I will set My face against that soul who eats blood, and will cut him off from among his people. 11 For the soul of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you upon the altar to make atonement for your souls; for it is the blood that makes atonement for the soul.

 

The soul is in the blood.

 

Isaiah 53:10 Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he has put him to grief: when you shall make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand. 11 He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my just bond servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities. 12 Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he has poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

 
John 10:17 Therefore my Father does love me, because I lay down my soul, that I might take it again.

 

Matthew 20:28 - - - - - - - - the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve and give his soul a ransom for many.

 

Matthew 5:38 You have heard that it has been said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth (Exodus 21:24).

 

And you could add a soul for a soul. At Passover God accepted the soul of a lamb for the souls dwelling within that house; a lamb per household. On the cross of Calvary God accepted the soul of Jesus Christ, the Lamb of God, for the souls of all mankind.

 

 

Verses 56 – 57

 

John 6:56 He that eats my flesh, and drinks my blood dwells in me, and I in him. 57 As the living Father has sent me, and I live through the Father: so does he that eats me, even he shall live through me.

 

At the communion table, when we partake of the bread, we symbolically partake of the suffering Christ suffered in his body, thus we are redeemed from the curse of the law and sin. On the cross Christ bore the curse for our sins, for it is written cursed is he hangs from a tree.

 
Galatians 3:13 Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangs on a tree (Deut 21:23):

 

When we partake of the cup, we symbolically partake of the sinless soul of Jesus Christ which was given to redeem the souls of all mankind (Matthew 20:28).

 

God the Father sent his Begotten Son to earth to live his life through the Father and according to his will. Even so do we who have become one with Christ, live our life through Christ according to the will of the Father.

 

 

Verses 58 - 60

 

John 6:58 This is that bread which came down from to sky; not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead: he that eats of this bread shall live forever. 59 These things said he in the synagogue, as he taught in Capernaum. 60 Many therefore of his disciples, when they had heard this, said this is a hard saying; who can hear and accept it?

 

Physically speaking, all those who ate of the manna in the wilderness died. But spiritually speaking, all who eat of Christ flesh, the true bread from above, shall live forever. Jesus Christ said this in synagogue in Capernaum, among those whom he had taught much about the kingdom of God, and whom had seen Jesus Christ work many miracles.

 

Yet when they heard this, many of his disciples found it hard to believe and accept as the truth. A disciple is one who follows the teachings of his teacher. Apart from his twelve closest disciples Jesus Christ had many other disciples who followed his teachings, and it was these many other disciples who found this teaching hard to accept as the truth.

 

 

Verses 61 – 62

 

John 6:61 When Jesus knew in himself that his disciples murmured at it, he said unto them, does this offend you? 62 What if you shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was before?

 

Whether by natural or spiritual knowledge, Jesus knew that they were murmuring about what he was teaching, and he ask them does the offend you? Then he asked them, “What if you shall see the Son of man ascend up to where he was before?

 

Back in John 6:15 Jesus Christ perceived that they would by force make him king. Many of Jesus’ disciples saw Jesus Christ as an earthly redeemer, who had come to redeem Israel from the Romans. Therefore if Jesus were to ascend back up into the sky, this would shatter their vision of the restoration of the kingdom of Israel.

 

 

Verses 63 – 65

 

John 6:63 It is the spirit that quickens; the flesh profits nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life. 64 But there are some of you that believe not. For Jesus knew from the beginning who they were that believed not, and who should betray him. 65 And he said, therefore I say unto you, that no man can come unto me, except it was given unto him from my Father.

 

It is the spirit that brings life, but the desires of the flesh and the deeds of the flesh bring death, therefore the flesh profits nothing. The words Jesus Christ speaks are spirit and therefore if we listen and hear them, they are life to us.

 

But some of his disciples did not believe, and from the beginning, even from when they first decided to follow Jesus Christ, by the Holy Spirit within him, Jesus knew who they were that believed not, and who should betray him. Not only Judas Iscariot, but also those who would demand his crucifixion; yet he loved and forgave them all. It is only those who love the truth and want to believe, that God gives the faith to believe.

 

A father brought his son to Jesus to be healed.

 

Mark 9:20 And they brought him unto him: and when he saw him, straightway the spirit caused him to fit; and he fell on the ground, and rolling about foaming at the mouth. 21 And he asked his father, How long is it since this came unto him? And he said, From a child. 22 And many times it has cast him into the fire, and into the waters, to destroy him: but if you can do anything, have compassion on us, and help us. 23 Jesus said unto him, If you can believe, all things are possible to him that believes. 24 And straightway the father of the child cried out, and said with tears, Lord, I believe; help me in my unbelief.

 

Did the boy’s father believe? No! But he wanted to believe, he loved the truth, and he asked Jesus to help to receive the faith to believe; and God through Jesus Christ gave him the faith to believe.

 

Ephesians 2:8 For by grace you are delivered through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God:

 

Galatians 3:22 But the scripture has concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.

 

The faith to believe is a gift of God; and faith, and the promises of God are by the faith of Jesus Christ which is given to them that chose to believe.

 

Therefore Jesus said to them no man can come unto me, except it was given unto him from my Father. If we do not chose to believe, God will not give us the faith of Jesus Christ to believe. Those who are not given the faith to believe are not given to Christ, while those who chose to believe are both given to Christ and given the faith to believe.

 

 

Verses 66 - 69

 

John 6:66 From that time many of his disciples went back, and walked no more with him. 67 Then Jesus said unto the twelve, Will you also go away? 68 Then Simon Peter answered him, Lord, to whom shall we go? You have the words of eternal life, 69 and we believe and are sure that you are the Christ, the Son of the living God.

 

Matthew 28:18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, all power is given unto me in sky and in earth. 19 Therefore, go you and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit: 20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, look and see, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world. Amen.

 

We are commissioned to go and make disciples, we are not commissioned to go and deliver souls. However in the process of making disciples souls will be delivered from out of the kingdom of darkness. Part of this process of making disciples is the teaching of the disciples all things whatsoever the Lord has commanded us. Most new disciples come into the kingdom with a childlike faith, but as we grow in the knowledge of the kingdom of God our faith also grows and matures. When we were a child nothing much was expected of us, but as we grew in faith and maturity God our Father expected us to observe all things whatsoever the Lord has commanded us, then in turn he expects us to teach those we disciple to also observe these things also. The more we grow in the faith, the more God expects of us and the greater the rewards we received and are promised for following Jesus Christ and obeying his commands. Yet often with these steps in faith, maturity and obedience came a time to count cost and a time to choose, whether to continue on with Jesus Christ, or to turn aside and follow the crowd to the pit of hell.

 

Can one, once has been delivered can they come back under bondage?

 

For answers to this question please go to comments on John 6:37.

 

Thousands had become disciples of Jesus Christ, and with childlike faith they came to receive the good things from Jesus Christ, but still they hung on to those wrong beliefs and lust of the flesh they had before they meet with Jesus. For them it was a time to count the cost and a time to choose.

 

Even for the twelve who had tasted of the good things of the kingdom and experienced the power of the kingdom, it was a time to count the cost and a time to choose. Then Jesus said unto the twelve, Will you also go away?

 

John 6:70 Jesus answered them, have not I chosen you twelve, and one of you is a devil? 71 He spoke of Judas Iscariot the son of Simon: for it was he, being one of the twelve, who would betray him.

 

Judas, one of the twelve whom Jesus Christ had chosen to follow him; Judas who had been sent out with the twelve to preach the gospel of the kingdom, to cast out demons and heal the sick; yet having tasted of the good things of the kingdom Judas betrayed Jesus Christ.

 

Written by Kenneth Allan Clark and printed and published by

VICTORIOUS CHRISTIAN MINISTRIES INTERNATIONAL. P.O. BOX 144 WYNNUM QLD 4178 AUSTRALIA.
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