Verses 1 - 2
John 2:1 Then the third day there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee; and the mother of Jesus was there; 2 and both Jesus and his disciples were called to the marriage. 3 And when they wanted wine, the mother of Jesus said unto him, they have no wine.
The two most common thoughts on this passage are;
1: It was on the third day after Jesus meet with Nathanael, that Jesus and his disciples were called to the marriage.
2: Two thousand years ago, it was the custom for a marriage feast to be held over seven days, and it was not until the third day of the marriage feast that Jesus and his disciples were called to the marriage.
To me, the second thought seems to be correct.
So it was that on the third day of the marriage Jesus and his disciples were called to the marriage, and when they wanted wine the mother of Jesus said unto him, they have no wine.
Verses 3 - 5
John 2:3 And when they wanted wine, the mother of Jesus said unto him, they have no wine. 4 Jesus said unto her, Woman, what concern is that of you or me? My hour has not yet come. 5 His mother said unto the servants, “Whatsoever he says unto you, do it”.
The wine had run out. Maybe they were a poor family; maybe many more guests turned up than expected. The host were probably close relatives, and Mary would have been concerned for the family, that lack of wine would bring shame upon them. Although Jesus had not as yet preformed any miracles, she knew Jesus was the Son of God (Luke 1:2) and within her she probably knew by the Spirit of God, it was time for God’s glory be made manifest (to be revealed) through her son. Or maybe it was something God allowed to happen in order that the opportunity for Christ to be manifested and make known his glory.
When Mary the mother of Jesus said “they have no wine” she must have said it in such a way that Jesus took it as an indication that his mother expected him to perform a miracle that would remedy the problem; and Jesus Christ first reaction was to say, “My hour has not yet come”. Yet in submission to the will of God the Father (John 6:38) and in honour to his earthly mother (Eph 6:2) Jesus agreed he needed to do something to fulfil this need, so his mother said unto the servants, “Whatsoever he says unto you, do it”.
Verses 6 – 8
John 2:6 There were six stone water pots there, after the manner of the purifying of the Jews, each containing twenty to thirty gallons. 7 Jesus said unto them, Fill the water pots with water. And they filled them up to the brim. 8 Then he said unto them, now draw some out and carry unto the governor of the feast. And they carried it.
The Jews would have had water pots in the home for many different reasons, these ones were there for the purpose of holding water for the washing of the hands and feet, thus purifying the hands and feet before coming to the table to eat and drink. Jesus tells them to fill the water pots with water, then draw some out and take it to the governor of the feast. Thus they carried the water to the governor.
Verses 9 – 10
John 2:9 When the governor of the feast had tasted the water that was made into wine, and he knew not from where it came: (but the servants who carried the water knew;) the governor of the feast called the bridegroom, 10 and said unto him, Every man at the beginning does set forth good wine; and when men have well drunk, then that which is worse: but you have kept the good wine until now.
Then look and see the water was made into wine. Although the surprised servants would have known the water had been miraculously turned into wine; the governor of the feast would of had no idea where the wine had come from, or what had just happened; and being surprised by quality of the wine, calls the bridegroom, who traditionally is responsible for providing the wine.
There are many type pictures here that we can draw on. When Moses introduced the Law, his first miracle was to turn the water into blood. When Jesus Christ introduced the grace and mercy of God, his first miracle was to turn the water into wine. The first miracles of Moses brought judgement and death. The first miracle of Jesus brought grace and mercy.
It is the bridegroom’s responsibility to provide the wine. On the cross Jesus Christ partook of the sour wine, the bitter wine of judgement. Now Jesus Christ our bridegroom provides the new wine of the Holy Spirit (Eph 5:18), and the new wine of the Holy Spirit is much better than old bitter wine of judgement.
John 2:11 This the first of miracles, Jesus did in Cana of Galilee, and revealed his glory; and his disciples believed on him.
It was when Jesus Christ was receiving the baptized of repentance in water, by John; that the Holy Spirit came upon him in power. Prior to his baptism Jesus did no mighty works. After his baptism Jesus first spent 40 days in the wilderness, before coming back to John the Baptist and gathering the first of his disciples. Then he headed for Galilee, where he preformed to first of his miracles (Acts 10:37 -38).
John 2:12 After this he went down to Capernaum, he, his mother, his brethren, and his disciples: and they remained there for only a few days.
The city of Capernaum is mentioned many times in the gospels. In Matthew 8:14, we are told Peter’s home was in Capernaum; and in Mark 1:29 we are told that Peter, Andrew, James and John all lived together in the same house.
Jesus and his disciples went down to Capernaum for a few days before going up to Jerusalem for the Passover.
Verses 13 - 17
John 2:13 And the Jews' Passover was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem, 14 and found in the temple those that sold oxen, sheep and doves, and the changers of money sitting. 15 And when he had made a whip of small cords, he drove them all out of the temple, along with the sheep, and the oxen; and poured out the changers' money, and overthrew the tables. 16 Then said unto them that sold doves, Take these things from here, and make not my Father's house a house of merchandise. 17 And his disciples remembered that it was written, for zeal for your house has consumed me.
Matthew 21:12 And Jesus went into the temple of God, and cast out all them that sold and bought in the temple, and overthrew the tables of the money changers, and the seats of them that sold doves, 13 And said unto them, It is written, My house shall be called the house of prayer; but you have made it a den of thieves (& Luke 19:45 – 47).
The children of Israel were expected to bring their tithes, offerings and Passover Over lambs unto the temple in Jerusalem. But for those living a long way away, instead driving a tithe of their live stock all the way to Jerusalem; they could change it for money, bring the money to Jerusalem, and there buy live stock to sacrifice unto God. But dishonest merchants were selling their live stock at inflated prices. Also when one was giving cash unto the Lord God, one was expected to use temple currency and not Roman currency. So there were other dishonest merchants exchanging currency and making a dishonest gain.
When Jesus entered the temple of God, he saw all this dishonest trading going on. So with zeal for the house of God he drove them brought and sold live stock, and turned over the tables of the money changers. And his disciples remembered that it was written, for zeal your house has consumed me (Psalm 69:9).
John 2:18 Then the Jews answered unto him saying, what sign do you, showing unto us that you have authority to do these things?
Jesus had assumed the character of a prophet; and as Moses and Elijah and the other prophets had backed up their identity as prophets, by signs and wonders; the question is asked; what sign do you, showing unto us that you have authority to do these things?
We are not told who asked this question, but it is likely those in charge of the temple were asking the question. They had not given Jesus this authority; could the great council have given him this authority, if not who?
Verses 19 – 21
John 2:19 Jesus answered and said unto them; destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up. 20 Then said the Jews, It has taken forty six years to build this temple, and will you tear down and raise it up in three days? 21 But he spoke of the temple of his body. 22 Therefore, when he was raised from the dead, his disciples remembered what he had said unto them; and they believed the scripture, and the word which Jesus had said.
The sign Jesus Christ says he will give to show that he has the authority to do these things he, is to destroy his earthly body, the temple of his human soul, then raise it up in three days. But they though Jesus was talking of temple in Jerusalem which had taken forty six years to build. Therefore when Jesus Christ was raised from the dead, they remembered what he had said unto them, and they believed the scriptures and the word which Jesus had said.
Verses 23 – 25
John 2:23 Now when he was in Jerusalem at the Passover, in the feast day, many believed in his name, when they saw the miracles which he did. 24 But Jesus did not entrust himself unto them, because he knew all men, 25 therefore needed not that any should testify of man: for he knew what was in man.
Back in verse 13, we are told that the Passover was at hand; therefore as was his custom he made the journey to Jerusalem for the Passover. During the feast of Passover the feast continued for eight days. Many who had seen the miracles which he did believed in his name. But knowing how inconstant and fickle the multitude could be, and how easily the Jewish leaders might turn them against him, Jesus did not entrust himself unto them. He did not need any to testify to him of nature man, for he himself being a man, knew what was in man.
1 Corinthians 2:11 For what man knows the things of a man, save the spirit of man which is in him? Even so the things of God no man knows, but by the Spirit of God.
Written by Kenneth Allan Clark and printed and published by
VICTORIOUS CHRISTIAN MINISTRIES INTERNATIONAL. P.O. BOX 144 WYNNUM QLD 4178 AUSTRALIA.
e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org web: www.endtimes-tribulations.com
Copyright © 2000 & 2011, all rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form by any means without the prior permission of the author Kenneth Allan Clark.
Scripture taken from the “Clarks English Translation” © Copyright 2011 by Victorious Christian Ministries International. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
Hard copies of both this booklet and others can be found on our resource page